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The Species Problem

Author: Richard A. Richards
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488295
Size: 50.42 MB
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There is long-standing disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry that either there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real. This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand the origin of the problem, and advocates a solution based on the idea of the division of conceptual labor, whereby species concepts function in different ways - theoretically and operationally. It also considers related topics such as individuality and the metaphysics of evolution, and how scientific terms get their meaning. This important addition to the current debate will be essential for philosophers and historians of science, and for biologists.


Author: Monika Kirloskar-Steinbach
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3495468013
Size: 34.36 MB
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Dieses englischsprachige Online-Journal erscheint zweimal im Jahr und bietet ausschließlich Originalbeiträge zu Themen der interkulturellen und komparativen Philosophie. Das ausführliche Konzept, den internationalen wissenschaftlichen Beirat sowie Band 1 als open-access-PDF finden Sie auf der Website Band 1 enthält unter anderem folgende Beiträge: Intercultural Philosophy: A Conceptual Clarification R.A. Mall The Philosophical Roots of Racial Essentialism and Its Legacy N. Zack Symposium: Does the Concept of 'Truth' have Value in the Pursuit of Cross-Cultural Philosophy? H. Rosemont, Jr., J. Maffie, J. Maraldo, S. Thakchoe Book Review: An Amazing Piece of Comparative Philosophy (S.B. Oluwule, Socrates and Orunmila) H. Kimmerle Survey article: Red Wisdom: Highlighting Recent Writing in Native American Philosophy B.Y. Burkhart

The Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Kostas Kampourakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765371
Size: 22.44 MB
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This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Grundriss Wissenschaftsphilosophie

Author: Simon Lohse
Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag
ISBN: 3787331654
Size: 29.97 MB
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Der Band bietet eine breite Einführung in die Wissenschaftsphilosophie, die sich (anders als die meisten verfügbaren Einführungen) nicht auf bestimmte Themen oder Diskussionslinien der allgemeinen Wissenschaftstheorie beschränkt, sondern die Philosophien der Einzelwissenschaften separat in den Blick nimmt. Insbesondere in den letzten zwei Jahrzehnten sind die Philosophien der Einzelwissenschaften unter dem Dach der Wissenschaftsphilosophie zunehmend zusammengewachsen als gleichberechtigte, analog strukturierte und oft aufeinander bezogene Arbeitsfelder, die eigenständig, aber in wechselseitigem Bezug auf die allgemeine Wissenschaftsphilosophie diskutiert werden. Eine Folge dieser Entwicklung ist, dass sich die wichtigsten wissenschaftstheoretischen Debatten immer stärker in den Philosophien der Einzelwissenschaften abspielen. An diesen Stand der internationalen Diskussion schließt der Band an, der in mehrfacher Hinsicht eine Lücke füllt: Herkömmliche Überblickswerke behandeln oft theoretische Fragestellungen, die sich nur auf bestimmte Wissenschaftsgebiete beziehen lassen, wobei die wissenschaftliche Praxis oft nur als Beispielreservoir für die Theorie dient. Demgegenüber liegt diesem Band ein breites Wissenschaftsverständnis zugrunde, das alle akademischen Arbeitsbereiche umfasst: neben den Natur- und Lebenswissenschaften etwa auch die Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften, Rechts- und Ingenieurswissenschaften, Literaturwissenschaften, Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Psychologie und Ökonomie. Ausgangspunkt ist die philosophische Untersuchung der einzelnen Wissenschaften mit ihren je eigenen Methoden, Standards und Zielen.

The Species Problem A Philosophical Analysis

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467221473
Size: 71.93 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Species Problem , A Philosophical Analysis. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Scientific Enquiry And Natural Kinds

Author: P. Magnus
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137271256
Size: 59.62 MB
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Some scientific categories seem to correspond to genuine features of the world and are indispensable for successful science in some domain; in short, they are natural kinds . This book gives a general account of what it is to be a natural kind and puts the account to work illuminating numerous specific examples.

Biodiversity And Environmental Philosophy

Author: Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521851329
Size: 46.90 MB
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An exploration of the ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy challenges attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and covers such topics as problems of prediction in traditional ecology and the future directions for theoretical research in envionmental philosophy and convervation biology.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Size: 80.23 MB
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Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field

Science And Selection

Author: David L. Hull
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521644051
Size: 14.50 MB
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This 2001 book brings together many of David Hull's most important essays on selection in one accessible volume.

Nature Animated

Author: M. Ruse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400969600
Size: 37.92 MB
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These remarks preface two volumes consisting of the proceedings of the Third International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science. The conference was held under the auspices of the Union, The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science. The meetings took place in Montreal, Canada, 25-29 August 1980, with Concordia University as host institution. The program of the conference was arranged by a Joint Commission of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science consisting of Robert E. Butts (Canada), John Murdoch (U. S. A. ), Vladimir Kirsanov (U. S. S. R. ), and Paul Weingartner (Austria). The Local Arrangements Committee consisted of Stanley G. French, Chair (Concordia), Michel Paradis, treasurer (McGill), Fran~ois Duchesneau (Universite de Montreal), Robert Nadeau (Universite du Quebec it Montreal), and William Shea (McGill University). Both committees are indebted to Dr. G. R. Paterson, then President of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, who shared his expertise in many ways. Dr. French and his staff worked diligently and efficiently on behalf of all participants. The city of Montreal was, as always, the subtle mixture of extravagance, charm, warmth and excitement that retains her status as the jewel of Canadian cities. The funding of major international conferences is always a problem.