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The State Development And Identity In Multi Ethnic Societies

Author: Nicholas Tarling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113405680X
Size: 18.40 MB
Format: PDF
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The controversial work of Amy Chua argues that, as rapid modernization, industrialization, technological change and globalization bring about fundamental changes in national, ethnic and class identities, especially in developing countries, there is a danger that the laissez-faire capitalist system will cause serious racial conflagration, especially in societies where there is ethnic minority market dominance, combined with ethno-nationalist-type politicians who mobilize support from ethnic majority communities by drawing attention to inequalities in wealth distribution. This controversial work goes on to argue for an authoritarian political system, with curbs against the corporate expansion of enterprises owned by ethnic minorities, until parity in equity ownership among all communities is achieved. This book tests the assumptions behind these arguments, discussing ethnic communities, identity, economy, society and state, and the links between them, in a range of countries in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific, and diaspora communities of Asian peoples in the West. It demonstrates that identity transformation occurs as generations of minority communities succeed each other, that old discourses of fixed origins which are assumed to bind ethnic communities into cohesive wholes do not apply, that there are very extensive inter-linkages in the daily activities of people of different ethnic and religious backgrounds, that affirmative action-type policies along racial lines can undermine overall societal cohesion, and that there is no case for limiting democracy until economic equity is achieved. This is a rich, important book, with huge implications for economic development and for states throughout the world as multi-ethnic societies world-wide become more extensive and more complicated.

Media Culture And Society In Malaysia

Author: Yeoh Seng Guan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135169284
Size: 20.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents a comprehensive, full-length analysis of the uses of media and communication technologies by different social actors in Malaysia. Drawing upon recent case studies - from films to political advertising - it provides valuable insights into the ways in which different media forms have negotiated with the dominant cultural representations of Malaysian society.

Economic Development In China S Northwest

Author: Joshua Bird
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351703803
Size: 24.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Under the ethnic affairs management regime established by the People’s Republic of China, every Chinese citizen is classified within one of 56 state-recognised ‘nationalities’. Government policy assumes that these nationalities differ from one another primarily in their levels of economic development, and asserts that ethnic divisions and identities fade with the gradual achievement of economic and social equality. As a result, economic development policy in minority nationality areas has often constituted a replica of the model which has already proven successful in China’s Han-Chinese dominated east. Research conducted across five locations in China’s Northwest paints a far more complex picture, however. This book considers for the first time how identity informs the nature of economic participation among ethnic minority entrepreneurs in China’s remote Northwest. Through interviews with entrepreneurs from diverse backgrounds, including Tibetan, Han and Muslim Chinese, this book highlights how ethnic—and other—identities inform the nature of economic participation. Furthermore, it explores the broader implications of this de-facto economic segregation for China’s ongoing social harmony and political stability. Ultimately, this book demonstrates how economic participation, even when successful in achieving its economic outcomes, may actually serve to reinforce and strengthen minority national identity—perhaps even at the expense of national Chinese identity. This book will be useful for students and scholars of Chinese Studies, Ethnic Studies and Economics.

The Other Kuala Lumpur

Author: Yeoh Seng Guan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317911210
Size: 46.33 MB
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Kuala Lumpur, like many Southeast Asian cities, has changed very significantly in the last two or three decades – expanding its size, and 'modernising' and 'globalising' its built environment. For many people these changes represent 'progress' and 'development'. This book, however, focuses on the more marginalised residents of Kuala Lumpur. Among others, it considers street hawkers and vendors, refugees, the urban poor, religious minorities and a sexuality rights group, and explores how their everyday lives have been adversely affected by these recent changes. The book shows how urban renewal, the law and ethno-religious nationalism can work against these groups in wanting to live and work in the capital city of Malaysia.

Regional Political Economy Of China Ascendant

Author: Kok Kheng Yeoh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 13.30 MB
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This book is a collection of research papers on various pivotal issues raised by a China in the ascendant within the context of the global economy but more specifically the regional political economy of East Asia.

Globalisation And Migration

Author: Ronaldo Munck
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415468329
Size: 75.67 MB
Format: PDF
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This book critically examines the new issues and new politics regarding migration in the era of globalisation from a majority world perspective. It examines the current shifts in the global political economy and the effects it has, for example, in relation to rural displacement. When and how does this lead to national and/or transnational migration? We need to examine the ways in which migration is cut across and impacts on the generation of racism and xenophobia in the west. The issue of remittances by migrants to the 'developing' nations needs careful study as does the controversial issue of 'brain drain' versus 'brain gain' through migration. The growing importance of trafficking for forced labour has now been taken up by various international bodies but is it the new normality or simply an unfortunate side effect of globalisation to be overcome through legislation? Migration is becoming increasingly gendered in its composition and flows but also in the receiving countries where men and women do very different jobs. We can predict the increasing racialization and gendering of migration but how will the state and society respond to these shifts? This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.

South South Migration

Author: Katja Hujo
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN:
Size: 38.67 MB
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This book seeks to explore the development and policy implications of South-South migration, specifically with regard to the role and challenges for social policy. It examines the linkages and impact of migration on gender and care regimes, human resource flows, remittances, poverty, and political organizations by or for migrants.

Facets Of A Transforming China

Author: Kok Kheng Yeoh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 18.13 MB
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This book is a collection of research papers on various important facets of a China in transformation. Despite the highly remarkable economic achievement in recent decades, China's phenomenal rise has also brought to world attention a host of perplexing questions related to her increasing economic strength, implications of her "footprint" around the world in her relentless quest for energy resources to drive her continued growth, and last but not least, her expanding interregional and urban-rural disparities on the domestic front.