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The State Of Democratic Theory

Author: Ian Shapiro
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400825899
Size: 34.22 MB
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What should we expect from democracy, and how likely is it that democracies will live up to those expectations? In The State of Democratic Theory, Ian Shapiro offers a critical assessment of contemporary answers to these questions, lays out his distinctive alternative, and explores its implications for policy and political action. Some accounts of democracy's purposes focus on aggregating preferences; others deal with collective deliberation in search of the common good. Shapiro reveals the shortcomings of both, arguing instead that democracy should be geared toward minimizing domination throughout society. He contends that Joseph Schumpeter's classic defense of competitive democracy is a useful starting point for achieving this purpose, but that it stands in need of radical supplementation--both with respect to its operation in national political institutions and in its extension to other forms of collective association. Shapiro's unusually wide-ranging discussion also deals with the conditions that make democracy's survival more and less likely, with the challenges presented by ethnic differences and claims for group rights, and with the relations between democracy and the distribution of income and wealth. Ranging over politics, philosophy, constitutional law, economics, sociology, and psychology, this book is written in Shapiro's characteristic lucid style--a style that engages practitioners within the field while also opening up the debate to newcomers.

The Crisis Of Democratic Theory

Author: Edward A. Purcell Jr.
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813146046
Size: 68.69 MB
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Widely acclaimed for its originality and penetration, this award-winning study of American thought in the twentieth century examines the ways in which the spread of pragmatism and scientific naturalism affected developments in philosophy, social science, and law, and traces the effects of these developments on traditional assumptions of democratic theory.

The Real World Of Democratic Theory

Author: Ian Shapiro
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400836833
Size: 60.29 MB
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In this book Ian Shapiro develops and extends arguments that have established him as one of today's leading democratic theorists. Shapiro is hardheaded about the realities of politics and power, and the difficulties of fighting injustice and oppression. Yet he makes a compelling case that democracy's legitimacy depends on pressing it into the service of resisting domination, and that democratic theorists must rise to the occasion of fashioning the necessary tools. That vital agenda motivates the arguments of this book. Tracing modern democracy's roots to John Locke and the American founders, Shapiro shows that they saw more deeply into the dynamics of democratic politics than have many of their successors. Drawing on Lockean and Madisonian insights, Shapiro evaluates democracy's changing global fortunes over the past two decades. He also shows how elusive democracy can be by exploring the contrast between its successful establishment in South Africa and its failures elsewhere--particularly the Middle East. Shapiro spells out the implications of his account for long-standing debates about public opinion, judicial review, abortion, and inherited wealth--as well as more recent preoccupations with globalization, national security, and international terrorism. Scholars, students, and democratic activists will all learn from Shapiro's trenchant account of democracy's foundations, its history, and its contemporary challenges. They will also find his distinctive democratic vision both illuminating and appealing.

Civil Society And Democratic Theory

Author: Gideon Baker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134524064
Size: 48.59 MB
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This book introduces radically alternative models of civil society that have been developed outside the liberal democratic frame of reference, models which suggest that civil society does offer new and non-statist democratic possibilities. Drawing on a wide range of civil society theory-practice from Eastern Europe and Latin America (including the Zapatistas in Mexico), and from visions of global civil society too, this book is uniquely positioned to consider the questions posed by these alternative voices for democratic theory and practice. * Are there alternatives to the liberal democratic vision of civil society? * Is a democracy located in civil society rather than the state either possible or desirable? * How and why has the concept of civil society come to be used so widely today? * Can global civil society further the struggle for democracy initiated by national civil societies?

Theorie Der Sozialen Demokratie

Author: Thomas Meyer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322873595
Size: 20.79 MB
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Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen. Nicht die libertäre Demokratie mit ihrer Fixierung auf Markt- und Eigentumsfreiheit, sondern erst die soziale Demokratie gewährleistet die Erfüllung aller Grundrechte des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Die Theorie der sozialen Demokratie ist theoretisch anspruchsvoll, aber zugleich auf die Bedingungen praktischen Handelns in der globalisierten Gegenwartswelt bezogen.

From Neo Marxism To Democratic Theory Essays On The Critical Theory Of Soviet Type Societies

Author: Andrew Arato
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315487713
Size: 65.73 MB
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The essays in this volume trace an intellectual odyssey, a search for a genuinely critical theory. The book begins with the question of why the Frankfurt School as well as other neo-Marxist and post-Marxist analysts, both in the West and in dissident circles in the East, failed to produce a critical theory of Soviet socialism or to establish a dynamic relationship with contemporary social movements. As the political struggle in Eastern Europe intensified, the author of this book disengaged from his own efforts to reconstruct a critical Marxism. Instead, he attempts a reconstruction of democratic theory based on civil society rather than class categories, and with a critical relevance not only to the transition from state socialism but more generally to the universal goal of emancipation.

The Quality Of Democracy

Author: Guillermo O'Donnell
Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess
ISBN: 0268160678
Size: 52.83 MB
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The primary goal of this collection is to present the rationale and methodology for implementing a citizen audit of democracy. This book is an expression of a growing concern among policy experts and academics that the recent emergence of numerous democratic regimes, particularly in Latin America, cannot conceal the sobering fact that the efficacy and impact of these new governments vary widely. These variations, which range from acceptable to dismal, have serious consequences for the people of Latin America, many of whom have received few if any benefits from democratization. Attempts to gauge the quality of particular democracies are therefore not only fascinating intellectual exercises but may also be useful practical guides for improving both old and new democracies.

Democratic Theory Practice In Africa

Author: W. Ouma Oyugi
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Publishers
ISBN:
Size: 54.69 MB
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These essays are organized in three topical areas, each with a brief introduction: the idea of democracy, democratic practice in Africa, and democracy and national development.

Innovating Democracy

Author: Robert E. Goodin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191563307
Size: 80.27 MB
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In recent years democratic theory has taken a deliberative turn. Instead of merely casting the occasional ballot, deliberative democrats want citizens to reason together. They embrace 'talk as a decision procedure'. But of course thousands or millions of people cannot realistically talk to one another all at once. When putting their theories into practice, deliberative democrats therefore tend to focus on 'mini-publics', usually of a couple dozen to a couple hundred people. The central question then is how to connect micro-deliberations in mini-publics to the political decision-making processes of the larger society. In Innovating Democracy, Robert Goodin surveys these new deliberative mechanisms, asking how they work and what we can properly expect of them. Much though they have to offer, they cannot deliver all that deliberative democrats hope. Talk, Goodin concludes, is good as discovery procedure but not as a decision procedure. His slogan is, 'First talk, then vote'. Micro-deliberative mechanisms should supplement, not supplant, representative democracy. Goodin goes on to show how to adapt our thinking about those familiar institutions to take full advantage of deliberative inputs. That involves rethinking who should get a say, how we hold people accountable, how we sequence deliberative moments and what the roles of parties and legislatures can be in that. Revisioning macro-democratic processes in light of the processes and promise of micro-deliberation, Innovating Democracy provides an integrated perspective on democratic theory and practice after the deliberative turn.

Islam Secularism And Liberal Democracy

Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886520
Size: 75.67 MB
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Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.