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The Statistical Mechanics Of Interacting Walks Polygons Animals And Vesicles

Author: E. J. Janse Van Rensburg
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199666571
Size: 25.28 MB
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The self-avoiding walk is a classical model in statistical mechanics, probability theory and mathematical physics. It is also a simple model of polymer entropy which is useful in modelling phase behaviour in polymers. This monograph provides an authoritative examination of interacting self-avoiding walks, presenting aspects of the thermodynamic limit, phase behaviour, scaling and critical exponents for lattice polygons, lattice animals and surfaces. It also includes a comprehensive account of constructive methods in models of adsorbing, collapsing, and pulled walks, animals and networks, and for models of walks in confined geometries. Additional topics include scaling, knotting in lattice polygons, generating function methods for directed models of walks and polygons, and an introduction to the Edwards model. This essential second edition includes recent breakthroughs in the field, as well as maintaining the older but still relevant topics. New chapters include an expanded presentation of directed models, an exploration of methods and results for the hexagonal lattice, and a chapter devoted to the Monte Carlo methods.

Polygons Polyominoes And Polycubes

Author: A. J. Guttmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1402099274
Size: 11.51 MB
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The problem of counting the number of self-avoiding polygons on a square grid, - therbytheirperimeterortheirenclosedarea,is aproblemthatis soeasytostate that, at ?rst sight, it seems surprising that it hasn’t been solved. It is however perhaps the simplest member of a large class of such problems that have resisted all attempts at their exact solution. These are all problems that are easy to state and look as if they should be solvable. They include percolation, in its various forms, the Ising model of ferromagnetism, polyomino enumeration, Potts models and many others. These models are of intrinsic interest to mathematicians and mathematical physicists, but can also be applied to many other areas, including economics, the social sciences, the biological sciences and even to traf?c models. It is the widespread applicab- ity of these models to interesting phenomena that makes them so deserving of our attention. Here however we restrict our attention to the mathematical aspects. Here we are concerned with collecting together most of what is known about polygons, and the closely related problems of polyominoes. We describe what is known, taking care to distinguish between what has been proved, and what is c- tainlytrue,but has notbeenproved. Theearlierchaptersfocusonwhatis knownand on why the problems have not been solved, culminating in a proof of unsolvability, in a certain sense. The next chapters describe a range of numerical and theoretical methods and tools for extracting as much information about the problem as possible, in some cases permittingexactconjecturesto be made.

Function Spaces And Partial Differential Equations

Author: Ali Taheri
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191047821
Size: 17.11 MB
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This is a book written primarily for graduate students and early researchers in the fields of Analysis and Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). Coverage of the material is essentially self-contained, extensive and novel with great attention to details and rigour. The strength of the book primarily lies in its clear and detailed explanations, scope and coverage, highlighting and presenting deep and profound inter-connections between different related and seemingly unrelated disciplines within classical and modern mathematics and above all the extensive collection of examples, worked-out and hinted exercises. There are well over 700 exercises of varying level leading the reader from the basics to the most advanced levels and frontiers of research. The book can be used either for independent study or for a year-long graduate level course. In fact it has its origin in a year-long graduate course taught by the author in Oxford in 2004-5 and various parts of it in other institutions later on. A good number of distinguished researchers and faculty in mathematics worldwide have started their research career from the course that formed the basis for this book.

Fractured Fractals And Broken Dreams

Author: Guy David
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198501664
Size: 28.49 MB
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This book proposes new notions of coherent geometric structure. Fractal patterns have emerged in many contexts, but what exactly is a pattern" and what is not? How can one make precise the structures lying within objects and the relationships between them? The foundations laid herein provide a fresh approach to a familiar field. From this emerges a wide range of open problems, large and small, and a variety of examples with diverse connections to other parts of mathematics. One of the main features of the present text is that the basic framework is completely new. This makes it easier for people to get into the field. There are many open problems, with plenty of opportunities that are likely to be close at hand, particularly as concerns the exploration of examples. On the other hand the general framework is quite broad and provides the possibility for future discoveries of some magnitude. Fractual geometries can arise in many different ways mathematically, but thereis not so much general language for making comparisons. This book provides some tools for doing this, and a place where researchers in different areas can find common ground and basic information."

Knots And Quantum Gravity

Author: John C. Baez
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 51.31 MB
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This book is the first title in a new series from Oxford University Press; a series designed to make the most recent applied mathematics research more easily accessible to all professionals, postgraduates, and researchers pursuing a specific line of investigation. Recent work by mathematicians and physicists has uncovered surprising connections between knot theory and the problem of developing a quantum theory of gravity. This volume is the proceedings of a workshop held at the University of California at Riverside attended by many experts in this excitingarea of research. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together researchers in knot theory and quantum gravity and form more bridges between the two subjects. Most of the talks were given by researchers whose work has significance for both subjects. This volume contains expository papers as well as newresults, and should serve as a guide for mathematicians and physicists seeking to understand this rapidly developing area of research.

Combinatorics Complexity And Chance

Author: Geoffrey Grimmett
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198571278
Size: 80.15 MB
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Professor Dominic Welsh has made significant contributions to the fields of combinatorics and discrete probability, including matroids, complexity, and percolation, and has taught, influenced and inspired generations of students and researchers in mathematics. This volume summarizes and reviews the consistent themes from his work through a series of articles written by renowned experts. These articles contain original research work, set in a broader context by the inclusion of review material. As a reference text in its own right, this book will be valuable to academic researchers, research students, and others seeking an introduction to the relevant contemporary aspects of these fields.

Singular Elliptic Problems

Author: Marius Ghergu
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN:
Size: 77.32 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the mathematical theory of nonlinear problems described by singular elliptic equations. There are carefully analyzed logistic type equations with boundary blow-up solutions and generalized Lane-Emden-Fowler equations or Gierer-Meinhardt systems with singular nonlinearity in anisotropic media. These nonlinear problems appear as mathematical models in various branches of Physics, Mechanics, Genetics, Economics, Engineering, and they are also relevant in Quantum Physics and Differential Geometry. One of the main purposes of this volume is to deduce decay rates for general classes of solutions in terms of estimates of particular problems. Much of the material included in this volume is devoted to the asymptotic analysis of solutions and to the qualitative study of related bifurcation problems. Numerical approximations illustrate many abstract results of this volume. A systematic description of the most relevant singular phenomena described in these lecture notes includes existence (or nonexistence) of solutions, unicity or multiplicity properties, bifurcation and asymptotic analysis, and optimal regularity. The method of presentation should appeal to readers with different backgrounds in functional analysis and nonlinear partial differential equations. All chapters include detailed heuristic arguments providing thorough motivation of the study developed later on in the text, in relationship with concrete processes arising in applied sciences. The book includes an extensive bibliography and a rich index, thus allowing for quick orientation among the vast collection of literature on the mathematical theory of nonlinear singular phenomena