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The Tangled Field

Author: Nathaniel C. COMFORT
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674029828
Size: 33.35 MB
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This biographical study illuminates one of the most important yet misunderstood figures in the history of science. Barbara McClintock (1902-1992), a geneticist who integrated classical genetics with microscopic observations of the behavior of chromosomes, was regarded as a genius and as an unorthodox, nearly incomprehensible thinker. In 1946, she discovered mobile genetic elements, which she called "controlling elements." Thirty-seven years later, she won a Nobel Prize for this work, becoming the third woman to receive an unshared Nobel in science. Since then, McClintock has become an emblem of feminine scientific thinking and the tragedy of narrow-mindedness and bias in science. Using McClintock's research notes, newly available correspondence, and dozens of interviews with McClintock and others, Comfort argues that McClintock's work was neither ignored in the 1950s nor wholly accepted two decades later. Nor was McClintock marginalized by scientists; throughout the decades of her alleged rejection, she remained a distinguished figure in her field. Comfort replaces the "McClintock myth" with a new story, rich with implications for our understanding of women in science and scientific creativity.

Barbara Mcclintock

Author: Ray Spangenburg
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438104103
Size: 74.34 MB
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Barbara McClintock was a geneticist whose 70 years of meticulous experiments in the genetics of maize, or Indian corn, have been lauded for their contributions to technology and science, including genetic engineering and bacterial reactions to antibiotics. This book illuminates her struggles and achievements.

Barbara Mcclintock

Author: Cathleen Small
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 1502623129
Size: 65.48 MB
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Throughout history, science has evolved and changed the way we live our lives and perceive the world around us. Many scientists in the last few centuries have made their mark on the field with groundbreaking discoveries and innovations. One such woman was Barbara McClintock. This book explores McClintock’s life and her contributions to the scientific study of genetics.

Rebels Mavericks And Heretics In Biology

Author: Oren Harman
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300150547
Size: 43.88 MB
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This book is the first devoted to modern biology's innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields. Some of these scientists were Nobel Prize winners, some were considered cranks or gadflies, some were in fact wrong. The stories of these stubborn dissenters are individually fascinating. Taken together, they provide unparalleled insights into the role of dissent and controversy in science and especially the growth of biological thought over the past century. Each of the book's nineteen specially commissioned chapters offers a detailed portrait of the intellectual rebellion of a particular scientist working in a major area of biology--genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology as well as others. An introduction by the volume's editors and an epilogue by R. C. Lewontin draw connections among the case studies and illuminate the nonconforming scientist's crucial function of disturbing the comfort of those in the majority. By focusing on the dynamics and impact of dissent rather than on winners who are credited with scientific advances, the book presents a refreshingly original perspective on the history of the life sciences. Scientists featured in this volume: Alfred Russel Wallace Hans DrieschWilhelm JohannsenRaymond Arthur DartC. D. DarlingtonRichard GoldschmidtBarbara McClintockOswald T. AveryRoger SperryLeon CroizatVero Copner Wynne-EdwardsPeter MitchellHoward TeminMotoo KimuraWilliam D. HamiltonCarl WoeseStephen Jay GouldThelma RowellDaniel S. Simberloff

Prematurity In Scientific Discovery

Author: Ernest B. Hook
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520231061
Size: 66.10 MB
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"In preparing this remarkable book, Ernest Hook persuaded an eminent group of scientists, historians, sociologists and philosophers to focus on the problem: why are some discoveries rejected at a particular time but later seen to be valid? The interaction of these experts did not produce agreement on 'prematurity' in science but something more valuable: a collection of fascinating papers, many of them based on new research and analysis, which sometimes forced the author to revise a previously-held opinion. The book should be enthusiastically welcomed by all readers who are interested in how science works."—Stephen G. Brush, co-author of Physics, The Human Adventure: From copernicus to Einstein and Beyond "Prematurity and Scientific Discovery contains interesting and insightful papers by numerous well-known scientists and scholars. It will be of wide interest, not only to science studies scholars but also to working scientists and to science-literate general readers."—Thomas Nickles, editor of Scientific Discovery, Logic, and Rationality

Kissed By A Fox

Author: Priscilla Stuckey
Publisher: Catapult
ISBN: 1619021269
Size: 78.34 MB
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A collection of essays from the author of Tamed by a Bear that “will make you think about life and nature in a different way” (Temple Grandin, author of Animals in Translation). For Priscilla Stuckey, a fundamental and heartbreaking misconception running through Western culture is that nature can be fixed, exploited, or simply ignored. Modern societies try to bend nature to human will instead of engaging in give-and-take with a living, breathing land community. Using her personal experiences as the cornerstone, Stuckey explores the depth of relationship possible with the birch tree in our backyard, the nearby urban creek, the dog who settles on our bed each night. Drawing inspiration from sources as varied as ancient philosophers and contemporary biologists, Stuckey challenges readers to enact a different story of nature, one in which people and place are not separate, where other creatures respond to human need, and where humans and all others together create the world. With the eloquence of the great nature writers before her, Stuckey encourages us to open ourselves to the unlimited possibilities of a truly connected life. “A tenderly woven collection of essays that blend personal reflections with spirituality, philosophy, animal behaviorism, evolution, geology and ecology . . . [An] entertaining and emotionally resonant book.” —Publishers Weekly “Stuckey’s book does make you look differently at the things around you . . . That is her point—for us to finally see nature, to remember to take in that beauty as we saunter by . . . It’s a book about hope.” —Seattle Star

The Science Of Human Perfection

Author: Nathaniel Comfort
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300169914
Size: 24.97 MB
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Almost daily we hear news stories, advertisements, and scientific reports promising that genetic medicine will make us live longer, enable doctors to identify and treat diseases before they harm us, and individualize our medical care. But surprisingly, a century ago eugenicists were making the same promises. This book traces the history of the promises of medical genetics and of the medical dimension of eugenics. While mindful of the benefits of genetic medicine, the book also considers social and ethical issues that cast troublesome shadows over these fields. Keeping his focus on America, Nathaniel Comfort introduces the community of scientists, physicians, and public health workers who have contributed to the development of medical genetics from the nineteenth century to today. He argues that medical genetics is closely related to eugenics, and indeed that the two cannot be fully understood separately. He also carefully examines how the desire to relieve suffering and to improve ourselves genetically, though noble, may be subverted. History makes clear that as patients and consumers we must take ownership of genetic medicine, using it intelligently, knowledgeably, and skeptically.

The Great Devonian Controversy

Author: Martin J. S. Rudwick
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226731022
Size: 40.13 MB
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"Arguably the best work to date in the history of geology."—David R. Oldroyd, Science "After a superficial first glance, most readers of good will and broad knowledge might dismiss [this book] as being too much about too little. They would be making one of the biggest mistakes in their intellectual lives. . . . [It] could become one of our century's key documents in understanding science and its history."—Stephen Jay Gould, New York Review of Books "Surely one of the most important studies in the history of science of recent years, and arguably the best work to date in the history of geology."—David R. Oldroyd, Science

The Discovery And Characterization Of Transposable Elements

Author: Barbara McClintock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780824013912
Size: 75.10 MB
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The introduction was written by Barbara McClintock to show how the concept of transposable elements evolved, and to comment on subsequent investigations of these elements. The papers in this volume were selected because of their relevance to this topic. For the discovery of "Mobile genetic elements" she received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1983.