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The Thermodynamics Of Phase And Reaction Equilibria

Author: Ismail Tosun
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444595023
Size: 66.20 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts of phase and reaction equilibria (e.g. partial molar Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity), and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous clear examples. It also presents numerical methods necessary for solving real-world problems as well the basic mathematics needed, facilitating its use as a self-study reference work. In the example problems requiring MATHCAD® for the solution, the results of the intermediate steps are given, enabling the reader to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Clear layout, coherent and logical organization of the content, and presentation suitable for self-study Provides analytical equations in dimensionless form for the calculation of changes in internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy as well as departure functions and fugacity coefficients Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Includes many well organized problems (with answers), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding for quantitative/real problem solving Includes the mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams And Phase Transformations

Author: Mats Hillert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139465864
Size: 36.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Thermodynamics

Author: J. P. O'Connell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443173
Size: 41.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thermodynamics: Fundamentals and Applications is a 2005 text for a first graduate course in Chemical Engineering. The focus is on macroscopic thermodynamics; discussions of modeling and molecular situations are integrated throughout. Underpinning this text is the knowledge that while thermodynamics describes natural phenomena, those descriptions are the products of creative, systematic minds. Nature unfolds without reference to human concepts of energy, entropy, or fugacity. Natural complexity can be organized and studied by thermodynamics methodology. The power of thermodynamics can be used to advantage if the fundamentals are understood. This text's emphasis is on fundamentals rather than modeling. Knowledge of the basics will enhance the ability to combine them with models when applying thermodynamics to practical situations. While the goal of an engineering education is to teach effective problem solving, this text never forgets the delight of discovery, the satisfaction of grasping intricate concepts, and the stimulation of the scholarly atmosphere.

Phase Equilibria In Chemical Engineering

Author: Stanley M. Walas
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483145085
Size: 22.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering is devoted to the thermodynamic basis and practical aspects of the calculation of equilibrium conditions of multiple phases that are pertinent to chemical engineering processes. Efforts have been made throughout the book to provide guidance to adequate theory and practice. The book begins with a long chapter on equations of state, since it is intimately bound up with the development of thermodynamics. Following material on basic thermodynamics and nonidealities in terms of fugacities and activities, individual chapters are devoted to equilibria primarily between pairs of phases. A few topics that do not fit into these categories and for which the state of the art is not yet developed quantitatively have been relegated to a separate chapter. The chapter on chemical equilibria is pertinent since many processes involve simultaneous chemical and phase equilibria. Also included are chapters on the evaluation of enthalpy and entropy changes of nonideal substances and mixtures, and on experimental methods. This book is intended as a reference and self-study as well as a textbook either for full courses in phase equilibria or as a supplement to related courses in the chemical engineering curriculum. Practicing engineers concerned with separation technology and process design also may find the book useful.

Thermodynamics

Author: Enrico Fermi
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486134857
Size: 25.95 MB
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In this classic of modern science, the Nobel laureate presents a clear treatment of systems, the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic potentials, and much more. Calculus required.

Phase Equilibria

Author: Arnold Reisman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483265846
Size: 50.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Phase Equilibria: Basic Principles, Applications, Experimental Techniques presents an analytical treatment in the study of the theories and principles of phase equilibria. The book is organized to afford a deep and thorough understanding of such subjects as the method of species model systems; condensed phase-vapor phase equilibria and vapor transport reactions; zone refining techniques; and nonstoichiometry. Physicists, physical chemists, engineers, and materials scientists will find the book a good reference material.

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Pradeep Ahuja
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120336372
Size: 42.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.

Introduction To Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: GOPINATH HALDER
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120348974
Size: 26.39 MB
Format: PDF
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This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.

Introduction To The Thermodynamics Of Materials Fifth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203428498
Size: 54.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This classic textbook is the definitive introduction to the thermodynamic behavior of materials systems. Written as a basic text for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students in metallurgy, metallurgical engineering, ceramics, or materials science, it presents the underlying thermodynamic principles of materials and their plethora of applications. The book is also of proven interest to working professionals in need of a reference or refresher course.

12th International Symposium On Process Systems Engineering And 25th European Symposium On Computer Aided Process Engineering

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444634452
Size: 12.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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25th European Symposium on Computer-Aided Process Engineering contains the papers presented at the 12th Process Systems Engineering (PSE) and 25th European Society of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) Joint Event held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 31 May - 4 June 2015. The purpose of these series is to bring together the international community of researchers and engineers who are interested in computing-based methods in process engineering. This conference highlights the contributions of the PSE/CAPE community towards the sustainability of modern society. Contributors from academia and industry establish the core products of PSE/CAPE, define the new and changing scope of our results, and future challenges. Plenary and keynote lectures discuss real-world challenges (globalization, energy, environment, and health) and contribute to discussions on the widening scope of PSE/CAPE versus the consolidation of the core topics of PSE/CAPE. Highlights how the Process Systems Engineering/Computer-Aided Process Engineering community contributes to the sustainability of modern society Presents findings and discussions from both the 12th Process Systems Engineering (PSE) and 25th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) Events Establishes the core products of Process Systems Engineering/Computer Aided Process Engineering Defines the future challenges of the Process Systems Engineering/Computer Aided Process Engineering community