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The Thermodynamics Of Phase And Reaction Equilibria

Author: Ismail Tosun
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444595023
Size: 69.35 MB
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This book provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts of phase and reaction equilibria (e.g. partial molar Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity), and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous clear examples. It also presents numerical methods necessary for solving real-world problems as well the basic mathematics needed, facilitating its use as a self-study reference work. In the example problems requiring MATHCAD® for the solution, the results of the intermediate steps are given, enabling the reader to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Clear layout, coherent and logical organization of the content, and presentation suitable for self-study Provides analytical equations in dimensionless form for the calculation of changes in internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy as well as departure functions and fugacity coefficients Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Includes many well organized problems (with answers), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding for quantitative/real problem solving Includes the mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams And Phase Transformations

Author: Mats Hillert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139465864
Size: 55.46 MB
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Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Pradeep Ahuja
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120336372
Size: 30.96 MB
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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.

Thermodynamics

Author: J. P. O'Connell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443173
Size: 16.88 MB
Format: PDF
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Thermodynamics: Fundamentals and Applications is a 2005 text for a first graduate course in Chemical Engineering. The focus is on macroscopic thermodynamics; discussions of modeling and molecular situations are integrated throughout. Underpinning this text is the knowledge that while thermodynamics describes natural phenomena, those descriptions are the products of creative, systematic minds. Nature unfolds without reference to human concepts of energy, entropy, or fugacity. Natural complexity can be organized and studied by thermodynamics methodology. The power of thermodynamics can be used to advantage if the fundamentals are understood. This text's emphasis is on fundamentals rather than modeling. Knowledge of the basics will enhance the ability to combine them with models when applying thermodynamics to practical situations. While the goal of an engineering education is to teach effective problem solving, this text never forgets the delight of discovery, the satisfaction of grasping intricate concepts, and the stimulation of the scholarly atmosphere.

Phase Diagrams And Heterogeneous Equilibria

Author: Bruno Predel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366209276X
Size: 11.39 MB
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This advanced comprehensive textbook introduces the practical application of phase diagrams to the thermodynamics of materials consisting of several phases. It describes the fundamental physics and thermodynamics as well as experimental methods, treating all material classes: metals, glasses, ceramics, polymers, organic materials, aqueous solutions. With many application examples and realistic cases from chemistry and materials science, it is intended for students and researchers in chemistry, metallurgy, mineralogy, and materials science as well as in engineering and physics. The authors treat the nucleation of phase transitions, the production and stability of technologically important metastable phases, and metallic glasses. Also concisely presented are the thermodynamics and composition of polymer systems. This innovative text puts this powerful analytical approach into a readily understandable and practical context, perhaps for the first time.

Phase Equilibria

Author: Arnold Reisman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483265846
Size: 19.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Phase Equilibria: Basic Principles, Applications, Experimental Techniques presents an analytical treatment in the study of the theories and principles of phase equilibria. The book is organized to afford a deep and thorough understanding of such subjects as the method of species model systems; condensed phase-vapor phase equilibria and vapor transport reactions; zone refining techniques; and nonstoichiometry. Physicists, physical chemists, engineers, and materials scientists will find the book a good reference material.

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Fluid Phase Equilibria

Author: John M. Prausnitz
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0132440504
Size: 34.31 MB
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The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.

Introduction To Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: GOPINATH HALDER
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120348974
Size: 68.37 MB
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This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: D. Srinivasan
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 9788122414950
Size: 47.26 MB
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This Book Is Intended To Present A Good Treatment Of The Fundamentals Of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics. In This Book Definitions Are Emphasized First To Form The Foundation Of The Subject And Upon This Foundation Arise The First Law, Second Law And The Principle Of Reversibility.Upon This Framework The Secondary Phases Are Based; The Properties Of Real Fluids And Gases, The Concept And Properties Of An Ideal Gas, An Ideal Solution, A Non-Ideal Solution And The Applications Of The Basic Concepts To The Understanding Of The Thermodynamic Aspects Of Compression Processes, Phase Equilibria And Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Sufficient Material Has Been Included To Meet The Requirements Of The Undergraduate Curriculum For A Two-Semester Course In Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics.From A Chemical Engineering Viewpoint, A Significant Emphasis Has To Be Made On The Study And Understanding Of Phase Equilibria And Chemical Reaction Equilibria. These Two Topics Are Covered In Detail In This Book.Lllustrations Pertaining To All These Areas/Topics Are Liberally Included Throughout The Text.

Equilibrium Between Phases Of Matter

Author: H.A.J. Oonk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140206408X
Size: 40.34 MB
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The first volume of this work is organized in three levels, so that the portion and importance of thermodynamics and mathematics increase from level to level. The ground level shows that basics of phase equilibria can be understood without thermodynamics provided the concept of chemical potential is introduced early. The intermediate level introduces thermodynamics, culminating in the Gibbs energy as the arbiter for equilibrium. At the third level the accent is on binary systems, where one or more phases are solutions of the components. Priority is given throughout to the thermodynamic assessment of experimental data. 200 exercises are included with solutions.