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The Transformation Of Un Conflict Management

Author: Touko Piiparinen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135202885
Size: 78.92 MB
Format: PDF
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The world has vowed "Never again" in memory of the 800,000 Rwandans and other groups slaughtered by génocidaires. Yet, ever since the Holocaust, the international community has repeatedly betrayed its pledge, most notably in 1994 with regard to the Rwandan Tutsi, and again ten years later in Darfur. This book examines how the UN failed to prevent or halt the Rwandan genocide: the most efficient mass killing in history. It offers a new explanation, focussing on the structure of the UN and four mechanisms which were pertinent to UN conflict management at that time: early warning; bureaucratic rationalisation; organisational learning; and Western normalisation. The author sees the Rwandan case as a ‘child of its time’, or a focal point in which the dysfunctions of the ailing conflict management mechanisms of the 1990s combined with devastating consequences. The book proceeds to examine the transformation of these mechanisms from Rwanda to Darfur - a development which is regarded as indicative of a wider tendency – or direction – in UN conflict management over the past ten years and in the foreseeable future. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, ethnic politics, international organizations and conflict studies.

Der Un Sicherheitsrat Als Organisierte Anarchie

Author: Nils Goede
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658069015
Size: 46.64 MB
Format: PDF
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Nils Goede nutzt den Multiple-Streams-Ansatz, um die abweichenden Entscheidungen des Sicherheitsrats in den Krisen in Somalia und Ruanda zum Beginn der 1990er Jahre zu untersuchen. Das selektive Entscheidungsverhalten des Sicherheitsrats angesichts komplexer humanitärer Krisen wurde in der Forschung bisher nur bedingt thematisiert. Der Autor bezieht sowohl Prozesse der sozialen Konstruktion intersubjektiv geteilter Wirklichkeit als auch die instrumentelle Rationalität einzelner und korporativer Akteure systematisch ein. Er verdeutlicht, dass Mehrdeutigkeit die Entscheidungsprozesse im Sicherheitsrat prägt und zeigt auf, dass Entscheidungen nicht linear-kausal mit bestimmten Problemen verbunden sein müssen, sondern das kontingente Ergebnis des Zusammenspiels unterschiedlicher Faktoren sind.

The African Union S Role In Peacekeeping

Author: Isiaka Badmus
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137426616
Size: 42.63 MB
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This study examines the African Union's peacekeeping role in managing African conflicts. Based on a qualitative research methodology, it analyses AU peace operations in Burundi and Somalia, and hybrid peacekeeping in Darfur, in order to identify the lessons learned and suggest how future outcomes may be improved.

International Organizations And The Implementation Of The Responsibility To Protect

Author: Daniel Silander
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317486560
Size: 22.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book seeks to understand the obligation of the international community to implement the principles of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). With a focus on the humanitarian crisis in Syria, the volume examines what formal responsibility and actual capability international institutions have to protect and prevent civilians from systematic mass atrocities and presents an analysis of several prominent international organizations (IOs). Each chapter focuses on a specific organization and explores their formal responsibilities and how these pertain to the obligations of the R2P. Existing capabilities and actual abilities to address the challenges of R2P are analysed by looking at these issues before, during, and after the occurrence of the humanitarian crisis in Syria. With the UN not fully engaged in the Syrian conflict, the systematic human rights abuses have engendered greater attention on other organizations. This volume argues that if the UN Security Council’s inactions result in an abdication of responsibilities under the UN Charter, there should not only be a discussion of how the UN must alter its approach, but also an examination of whether there are alternative R2P paths for other MNOs to take in the name of international peace and human security. This book will be of much interest to students of R2P, humanitarian intervention, international organisations, Middle Eastern politics and security studies.

Klimakriege

Author: Harald Welzer
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104007241
Size: 72.46 MB
Format: PDF
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Kampf um Trinkwasser, Massengewalt, ethnische „Säuberungen, Bürgerkriege und endlose Flüchtlingsströme bestimmen schon jetzt die Gegenwart. Die heutigen Konflikte drehen sich nicht mehr um Ideologie und Systemkonkurrenz, sondern um Klassen-, Glaubens- und vor allem Ressourcenfragen. Der Autor plädiert für ein neues Denken und zeigt, was jetzt getan werden müsste, um Menschheitskatastrophen abzuwenden.