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The Trial Of Democracy

Author: Xi Wang
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820340847
Size: 20.30 MB
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After the Civil War, Republicans teamed with activist African Americans to protect black voting rights through innovative constitutional reforms--a radical transformation of southern and national political structures. The Trial of Democracy is a comprehensive analysis of both the forces and mechanisms that led to the implementation of black suffrage and the ultimate failure to maintain a stable northern constituency to support enforcement on a permanent basis. The reforms stirred fierce debates over the political and constitutional value of black suffrage, the legitimacy of racial equality, and the proper sharing of power between the state and federal governments. Unlike most studies of Reconstruction, this book follows these issues into the early twentieth century to examine the impact of the constitutional principles and the rise of Jim Crow. Tying constitutional history to party politics, The Trial of Democracy is a vital contribution to both fields.

Rethinking The Judicial Settlement Of Reconstruction

Author: Pamela Brandwein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496964
Size: 10.13 MB
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American constitutional lawyers and legal historians routinely assert that the Supreme Court's state action doctrine halted Reconstruction in its tracks. But it didn't. Rethinking the Judicial Settlement of Reconstruction demolishes the conventional wisdom - and puts a constructive alternative in its place. Pamela Brandwein unveils a lost jurisprudence of rights that provided expansive possibilities for protecting blacks' physical safety and electoral participation, even as it left public accommodation rights undefended. She shows that the Supreme Court supported a Republican coalition and left open ample room for executive and legislative action. Blacks were abandoned, but by the president and Congress, not the Court. Brandwein unites close legal reading of judicial opinions (some hitherto unknown), sustained historical work, the study of political institutions, and the sociology of knowledge. This book explodes tired old debates and will provoke new ones.

A Compromise Of Principle

Author: Michael Les Benedict
Publisher: W. W. Norton
ISBN: 9780393055245
Size: 26.53 MB
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Publisher description: After the Civil War the president and the Congress had a unique opportunity to restore the Union on the egalitarian principles of the American Revolution. But from the beginning there was little agreement on how to bind up the nation's wounds and insure the rights of blacks after emanicpation. Underlying the dispute was the struggle within the Republican party that pitted Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens against their less radical Republican colleagues. By the end of the war, most Republicans endorsed black suffrage but Johnson's refusal to require it of southerners and the defeat of equal-suffrage proposals in several northern states led nonradicals to retreat from their advanced position. This new study of the struggle behind the development of the Republican Reconstruction policy demonstrates that Republican conservatives and moderates, not radicals, shaped Reconstruction policy throughout the Johnson administration.

Democracy Reborn

Author: Garrett Epps
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
ISBN: 1466851252
Size: 78.67 MB
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A riveting narrative of the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, an act which revolutionized the U.S. constitution and shaped the nation's destiny in the wake of the Civil War Though the end of the Civil War and Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation inspired optimism for a new, happier reality for blacks, in truth the battle for equal rights was just beginning. Andrew Johnson, Lincoln's successor, argued that the federal government could not abolish slavery. In Johnson's America, there would be no black voting, no civil rights for blacks. When a handful of men and women rose to challenge Johnson, the stage was set for a bruising constitutional battle. Garrett Epps, a novelist and constitutional scholar, takes the reader inside the halls of the Thirty-ninth Congress to witness the dramatic story of the Fourteenth Amendment's creation. At the book's center are a cast of characters every bit as fascinating as the Founding Fathers. Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, Frederick Douglass, Susan B. Anthony, among others, understood that only with the votes of freed blacks could the American Republic be saved. Democracy Reborn offers an engrossing account of a definitive turning point in our nation's history and the significant legislation that reclaimed the democratic ideal of equal rights for all U.S. citizens.

The New Encyclopedia Of Southern Culture

Author: James W. Ely Jr.
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469616742
Size: 49.74 MB
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Volume 10 of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture combines two of the sections from the original edition, adding extensive updates and 53 entirely new articles. In the law section of this volume, 16 longer essays address broad concepts ranging from law schools to family law, from labor relations to school prayer. The 43 topical entries focus on specific legal cases and individuals, including historical legal professionals, parties from landmark cases, and even the fictional character Atticus Finch, highlighting the roles these individuals have played in shaping the identity of the region. The politics section includes 34 essays on matters such as Reconstruction, social class and politics, and immigration policy. New essays reflect the changing nature of southern politics, away from the one-party system long known as the "solid South" to the lively two-party politics now in play in the region. Seventy shorter topical entries cover individual politicians, political thinkers, and activists who have made significant contributions to the shaping of southern politics.

The Other Arab Israeli Conflict

Author: Steven L. Spiegel
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022622614X
Size: 66.13 MB
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The Other Arab-Israeli Conflict illuminates the controversial course of America's Middle East relations from the birth of Israel to the Reagan administration. Skillfully separating actual policymaking from the myths that have come to surround it, Spiegel challenges the belief that American policy in the Middle East is primarily a relation to events in that region or is motivated by bureaucratic constraints or the pressures of domestic politics. On the contrary, he finds that the ideas and skills of the president and his advisors are critical to the determination of American policy. This volume received the 1986 National Jewish Book Award.