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The Uralic Languages

Author: Daniel Abondolo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136135006
Size: 21.24 MB
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This book provides a unique, up-to-date survey of individual Uralic languages and sub-groupings from Finnish to Selkup. Spoken by more than 25 million native speakers, the Uralic languages have important cultural and social significance in Northern and Eastern Europe, as well as in immigrant communitites throughout Europe and North America. The introductory chapter gives an overview of the Uralic language family and is followed by 18 chapter-length descriptions of each language or sub-grouping, giving an analysis of their history and development as well as focusing on their linguistic structures. Written by internationally recognised experts and based on the most recent scholarship available, the volume covers major languages - including the official national languages of Estonia, Finland and Hungary - and rarely-covered languages such as Mordva, Nganasan and Khanty. The 18 language chapters are similarly-structured, designed for comparative study and cover phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon. Those on individual languages also have sample text where available. Each chapter includes numerous tables to support and illustrate the text and bibliographies of the major references for each language to aid further study. The volume is comprehensively indexed. This book will be invaluable to language students, experts requiring concise but thorough information on related languages and anyone working in historical, typological and comparative linguistics.

Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Author: Gregory D.S. Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199280312
Size: 28.12 MB
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This is the most comprehensive survey ever published of auxiliary verb constructions, as in 'he could have been going to drink it' and 'she does eat cheese'. Drawing on a database of over 800 languages Dr Anderson examines their morphosyntactic forms and semantic roles. He investigates and explains the historical changes leading to the cross-linguistic diversity of inflectional patterns, and he presents his results within a new typological framework.The book's impressive range includes data on variation within and across languages and language families. In addition to examining languages in Africa, Europe, and Asia the author presents analyses of languages in Australasia and the Pacific and in North, South, and Meso-America. In doing so he reveals much that is new about the language families of the world and makes an important contribution to the understanding of their nature and evolution. His book will interest scholars and researchersin language typology, historical and comparative linguistics, syntax, and morphology.

A Typology Of Questions In Northeast Asia And Beyond

Author: Andreas Hölzl
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961101027
Size: 63.88 MB
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This study investigates the distribution of linguistic and specifically structural diversity in Northeast Asia (NEA), defined as the region north of the Yellow River and east of the Yenisei. In particular, it analyzes what is called the grammar of questions (GQ), i.e., those aspects of any given language that are specialized for asking questions or regularly combine with these. The bulk of the study is a bottom-up description and comparison of GQs in the languages of NEA. The addition of the phrase and beyond to the title of this study serves two purposes. First, languages such as Turkish and Chuvash are included, despite the fact that they are spoken outside of NEA, since they have ties to (or even originated in) the region. Second, despite its focus on one area, the typology is intended to be applicable to other languages as well. Therefore, it makes extensive use of data from languages outside of NEA. The restriction to one category is necessary for reasons of space and clarity, and the process of zooming in on one region allows a higher resolution and historical accuracy than is usually the case in linguistic typology. The discussion mentions over 450 languages and dialects from NEA and beyond and gives about 900 glossed examples. The aim is to achieve both a cross-linguistically plausible typology and a maximal resolution of the linguistic diversity of Northeast Asia.

Partitive Cases And Related Categories

Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110346060
Size: 40.34 MB
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Argument-marking, morphological partitives have been the topic of language specific studies, while no cross-linguistic or typological analyses have been conducted. Since individual partitives of different languages have been studied, there exists a basis for a more cross-linguistic approach. The purpose of this book is to fill the gap and to bring together research on partitives in different languages.

Paradigm Change

Author: Martine Robbeets
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027269734
Size: 70.73 MB
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This book is concerned with comparing morphological paradigms between languages in order to establish areal and genealogical relationships. The languages in focus are the Transeurasian languages: Japanese, Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic, and Turkic languages. World-eminent experts in diachronic morphology and typology interact with specialists on Transeurasian languages, presenting innovative theoretical analyses and new empirical facts. The stress on the importance of paradigmatic morphology in historical linguistics contrasts sharply with the paucity of existing literature on the topic. This volume partially fills this gap, by shifting focus from Indo-European to other language families. “Paradigm change” will appeal to scholars and advanced students concerned with linguistic reconstruction, language contact, morphology and typology, and to anyone interested in the Transeurasian languages.

The World S Major Languages

Author: Bernard Comrie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113426156X
Size: 57.99 MB
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This volume features over 50 of the world's languages and language families. The featured languages have been chosen based on the number of speakers, their role as official languages and their cultural and historical importance. Each language is looked at in depth, and the chapters provide information on both grammatical features and on salient features of the language's history and cultural role. This second edition has been updated and revised. Two new languages, Amharic and Javanese, have been included. This accessible volume will appeal to anyone with an interest in linguistics. Key features: Attention is paid to both grammatical and sociolinguistic features Attention is concentrated on the world's major languages Designed to be accessible to all readers with an interest in language.

Finnische Grammatik

Author: Fred Karlsson
Publisher: Helmut Buske Verlag
ISBN: 9783875483819
Size: 69.82 MB
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Als Lehr- und Nachschlagewerk konzipiert, richtet sich diese Grammatik in erster Linie an Lernende, die bereits einfache finnische Texte lesen konnen. Weitere Vorkenntnisse sind nicht erforderlich. In 22 Kapiteln werden die wichtigsten Formen und Strukturen der geschriebenen Sprache vermittelt. Zahlreiche Beispiele veranschaulichen die Regelmaigkeit der finnischen Grammatik. Finnland ist offiziell ein zweisprachiges Land, dessen Nationalsprachen Finnisch und Schwedisch sind. Von den ca. 4,7 Millionen Einwohnern sprechen jedoch etwa 93% Finnisch als Muttersprache. Zudem gibt es aufgrund starker Emigrationsbewegungen vor allem in Nordamerika und Schweden finnischsprachige Minderheiten.