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The Virtopsy Approach

Author: Michael Thali
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849381894
Size: 13.72 MB
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Charred, badly decomposed, or mummified corpses, as well as those restrictions forced upon coroners by certain religious sects, often make autopsies impossible to perform. In addition, lack of manpower among the personnel charged with performing autopsies frequently creates a backlog of cases in the coroner’s office. This delay increases the likelihood that causes of death will go undetermined and criminal perpetrators will go unpunished. The solution can be found in what has come to be known as the virtopsy®, a minimally invasive and efficient way to perform an autopsy through state-of-the-art imaging-guided means. A term coined by noted forensic pathologist Richard Dirnhofer, virtopsy refers to "virtual autopsy," a modality that employs a spectrum of technologies including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy, and 3D photogrammetry and surface scanning. In The Virtopsy Approach: 3D Optical and Radiological Scanning and Reconstruction in Forensic Medicine, the authors reveal a comprehensive summary of the virtopsy procedure. Well-organized, detailed enough to serve as a how-to guide for newcomers to the field, and copiously illustrated with many color figures accompanied by appropriate explanatory captions, this volume breaks new ground in the world of autopsy science.

Klinisch Forensische Medizin

Author: Martin Grassberger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3211994688
Size: 75.18 MB
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Die Anforderung im medizinischen Alltag rechtlich relevante Sachverhalte, etwa nach Gewalt im häuslichen Umfeld zu erkennen und zeitgemäß richtig zu handeln ist in den letzten Jahren stark gestiegen. Es sind in der Regel klinisch tätige Ärzte, Angehörige der Pflegeberufe und nichtmedizinische Laien wie Polizeibeamte und Mitarbeiter von Opferschutzeinrichtungen, die als erste mit Opfern in Kontakt treten und so einen wesentlichen Anteil an der Erkennung sowie an Verlauf und Ausgang der interdisziplinären Betreuung haben. Die Herausgeber, klinisch-forensisch erfahrene Rechtsmediziner, legen mit diesem Buch gemeinsam mit einem interdisziplinären Autoren-Team einen umfassenden Praxisleitfaden für Ärzte aller Fachrichtungen, Pflegeberufe sowie andere Berufsgruppen mit Kontakt zu Betroffenen vor. Der Praxisleitfaden beleuchtet unter anderem die Themenkomplexe Gewalt gegen Kinder, Erwachsene und ältere Personen, Sexualdelikte, Dokumentation und Beweismittelsicherung, Bildgebende Verfahren, Toxikologie, Selbstbeschädigung sowie zahlreiche weitere klinisch-forensisch relevante Aspekte.

P5 Medicine And Justice

Author: Santo Davide Ferrara
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319670921
Size: 70.57 MB
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This book describes the state of the art and future prospects of the most important bio-medicolegal subdisciplines in the post-genomic framework of personalized medicine. Focusing on the three main themes Innovation, Unitariness and Evidence, the book addresses a wide range of topics, including: Bio-Medicolegal and Criminological Sciences, Forensic Pathology and Anthropology, Clinical and Forensic Medicine in Living Persons (from Interpersonal Violence to Personal Injury and Damage, Malpractice, Personal Identification and Age Estimation), Forensic Genetics and Genomics, and Toxicology and Imaging. The unitariness of the “Bio-Medicolegal Sciences”, historically founded on the accuracy and rigor of the methods of ascertainment and criteria of evaluation, should be re-established on the basis of molecular evidence, and used to promote Personalized Justice. Taken together, the book’s conclusions and future perspectives outline a vision of transdisciplinary innovation and future evidence in the framework of personalized justice.

Quality Assurance In The Pathology Laboratory

Author: Maciej J. Bogusz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439802359
Size: 20.31 MB
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Quality refers to the amount of the unpriced attributes contained in each unit of the priced attribute. Leffler, 1982 Quality is neither mind nor matter, but a third entity independent of the two, even though Quality cannot be defined, you know what it is. Pirsig, 2000 The continuous formulation of good practices and procedures across fields reflects the importance of the recognition and maintenance of "quality" for nearly every profession. The widespread introduction of point-of-care testing, centralization of activities in large core laboratories, and the increase in number and complexity of diagnostic testing worldwide has driven changes in the organization of laboratory diagnostics over the past decades. As such, laboratory diagnostics, continuously catching up to updated techniques and complex procedures, need to stay vigilant about safety and good practices adjustments. Although widely defined and quantified, the concept of quality is an intrinsic feature of the human psyche and decision making. Written to improve laboratory work, Quality Assurance in the Pathology Laboratory examines: Quality assurance of quantifiable methods applied in laboratory medicine and toxicology Quality aspects of emerging disciplines including personalized therapy and virtopsy Regulatory and logistic instrumentation that ensure quality in laboratory methods Professional education at the graduate and postgraduate levels Laboratory diagnostics substantially contributes to clinical decision making by providing valuable information for the screening, diagnosis, therapeutic monitoring, and follow-up of most—if not all—human disorders. Providing general insights into the quality assurance aspects of pathology and laboratory medicine, this book aids in improving laboratory work and, at the same time, shows the possibilities and limits of all logistic and legal tools related to quality issues.

Multi Detector Ct Imaging

Author: Luca Saba
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439893977
Size: 47.14 MB
Format: PDF
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Developments in CT technology during the last 20 years have impressively improved its diagnostic potentialities. Part of a two-volume set that covers all aspects of CT imaging, Multi-Detector CT Imaging: Abdomen, Pelvis, and CAD Applications contains easily searchable clinical specialty chapters that provide specific information without need of an index. The coverage goes far beyond just a "how-to" or an encyclopedia of findings, however. The authors have uniformly put techniques, clinical findings, pathologic disease presentations, and clinical implications in practical perspective. It is no wonder that with the critical role CT plays and the rapid innovations in computer technology that advances in the capabilities and complexity of CT imaging continue to evolve. While information about these developments may be scattered about in journals and other resources, this two-volume set provides an authoritative, up-to-date, and educational reference that covets the entire spectrum of CT.

Forensic Science Advances And Their Application In The Judiciary System

Author: Danielle Sapse
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439829594
Size: 79.14 MB
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This volume examines how new cutting edge forensic techniques are currently being applied or have the potential to be applied in judicial proceedings. Examples include new applications of Raman spectroscopy, quantum chemistry, lithium in DNA analysis, and the burgeoning area of toxicogenetics. In each case legal issues are addressed, including the such as admissibility of evidence resulting from these techniques. A comparison between the American Judiciary system and the European system is included. Contributors offer their expertise from scientific and legal perspectives.

Weiterbildung Radiologie

Author: Stefan Delorme
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662527529
Size: 64.93 MB
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Dieses Buch beinhaltet Themen aus Radiologie, Nuklearmedizin und Strahlentherapie für die Fort- und Weiterbildung. Sie möchten sich über Änderungen, Neuerungen, aktuelle Themen oder Trends Ihrer Fächer informieren? Sie wollen praxisrelevante Informationen, die anschaulich und verständlich aufbereitet sind? Sie stehen vor der Facharztprüfung und möchten die wichtigsten Fakten Ihres Faches lernen oder noch einmal auffrischen? Dann greifen Sie zum vorliegenden Werk! Es bietet Ihnen aktuelles Fachwissen rund um die Radiologie in hoher Qualität und auf hohem Niveau - verfasst und begutachtet von Experten - u.a. zu: · Digitale Tomosynthese der Mamma · Zystische Tumoren des Pankreas · Pulmonale Beteiligung bei Kollagenosen · Entzündliche Wirbelsäulenerkrankungen: Spondylarthritis. Zentrale Bedeutung der Bildgebung · Akute Sportverletzungen und chronische Überlastungsschäden an Vor- und Mittelfuß · Medikamentöse Therapie in der interventionellen Radiologie · Verfahren der Dopplersonographie · Orbita. Teil 1; Anatomie, bildgebende Verfahren und retrobulbäre Läsionen · Akute Aortenerkrankungen: Aktuelle Diagnostik und Therapie · Klinisch-forensische Bildgebung: Erfassung und Dokumentation innerer Verletzungsbefunde bei lebenden Gewaltopfern · Lokale Bildgebung beim Rektumkarzinom – Update 2015: MRT als „Imaging“-Biomarker · Gynäkologische Tumoren im kleinen Becken: Radiologische Diagnostik bei Beckentumoren leicht gemacht Die Inhalte entsprechen den CME-Beiträgen aus der Fachzeitschrift „Der Radiologe“ von Heft 1/2015 - Heft 12/2015 und orientieren sich an der Weiterbildungsordnung „Facharzt für Radiologie“.

Brogdon S Forensic Radiology Second Edition

Author: Michael J. Thali, M.D.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420075632
Size: 61.60 MB
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The benchmark first edition of Forensic Radiology, published in 1998, was a milestone in the forensic community — a bestseller throughout the world and a standard reference for practitioners and educators alike. Like its predecessor, Brogdon’s Forensic Radiology, Second Edition covers the entire scope of radiological applications in the forensic sciences, profiling current and anticipated uses of new modalities and techniques. Features: Provides an introduction to forensic radiology, including historical perspectives and definitions used in the field Offers instruction on trial preparation and effective courtroom testimony Demonstrates the use of forensic radiology in identification of the dead Explores the use of radiology to help in gunshot and abuse cases and in nonviolent crimes Contains an entirely new section on virtual imaging and virtopsy Examines technological and safety issues For radiologists, forensic scientists, forensic dentists, medical examiners, investigators, and attorneys Over the past twelve years, the fields of forensic science and radiology have developed considerably, necessitating a revision of this critical work. New Topics in this Edition include: The radiologist as an expert witness Modern cross-sectional imaging in anthropology New approaches to radiology in mass casualty situations The use of virtual imaging and virtopsy — new modalities developed and advanced since the publication of the last edition Forensic and clinical usage of x-rays in body packing for drug smuggling Imaging in the medical examiner’s facility and in the field Radiology of special objects, antiquities, and mummies