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The Voices And Rooms Of European Bioethics

Author: Richard Huxtable
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317804570
Size: 19.13 MB
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This book reflects on the many contributions made in and to European bioethics to date, in various locations, and from various disciplinary perspectives. In so doing, the book advances understanding of the academic and social status of European bioethics as it is being supported and practiced by various disciplines such as philosophy, law, medicine, and the social sciences, applied to a wide range of areas. The European focus offers a valuable counter-balance to an often prominent US understanding of bioethics. The volume is split into four parts. The first contains reflection on bioethics in the past, present and future, and also considers how comparison between countries and disciplines can enrich bioethical discourse. The second looks at bioethics in particular locations and contexts, including: policy, boardrooms and courtrooms; studios and virtual rooms; and society, while the third part explores the translation of theories and concepts of bioethics into the clinical setting. The fourth and final section focuses on academic expressions of bioethics, as it is theorised in various disciplines and also as it is taught, whether in classrooms or at the patient’s bedside. The book features unique contributions from a range of experts including: Alastair V Campbell; Ruth Chadwick; Angus Dawson; Raymond G. De Vries; Suzanne Ost; Renzo Pegoraro; Rouven Porz; Paul Schotsmans; Jochen Vollmann; Guy Widdershoven and Hub Zwart. Chapter 10 of this book ''You Don't Need Proof When You've Got Instinct!': Gut Feelings and Some Limits to Parental Authority' by Giles Birchley is available under an open access CC BY NC ND license and can be viewed at: http://www.tandfebooks.com/userimages/ContentEditor/1438250845242/9780415737197_chapter10.pdf .

Healthcare Ethics Law And Professionalism

Author: Voo Teck Chuan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351669508
Size: 69.66 MB
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Healthcare Ethics, Law and Professionalism: Essays on the Works of Alastair V. Campbell features 15 original essays on bioethics, and healthcare ethics specifically. The volume is in honour of Professor Alastair V. Campbell, who was the founding editor of the internationally renowned Journal of Medical Ethics, and the founding director of three internationally leading centres in bioethics, in Otago, New Zealand, Bristol, UK, and Singapore. Campbell was trained in theology and philosophy and throughout his career worked with colleagues from various disciplines, including law and various branches of healthcare. The diversity of topics and depth of contributors’ insights reflect the breadth and impact of Campbell’s philosophical work and policy contributions to healthcare ethics. Throughout his long academic career, Campbell’s emphasis on healthcare ethics being practice-oriented, yet driven by critical reflection, has shaped the field in vital ways. The chapters are authored by leading scholars in healthcare ethics and law. Directly engaging with Campbell’s work and influence, the essays discuss essential questions in healthcare ethics relating to its methodology and teaching, its intersection with law and policy, medical professionalism, religion, and its translation in different cultural settings. Chapters also grapple with specific enduring topics, such as the doctor-patient relationship, justice in health and biomedical research, and treatment of the human body and the dead.

The Ethics Of Personalised Medicine

Author: Jochen Vollmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317033736
Size: 59.32 MB
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In recent times, the phrase ’personalised medicine’ has become the symbol of medical progress and a label for better health care in the future. However, a controversial debate has developed around whether these promises of better, more personal and more cost-efficient medicine are realistic. This book brings together leading researchers from across Europe and North America, from both normative and empirical disciplines, who take a more critical view of the often encountered hype associated with personalised medicine. Partially drawing on a four year collaborative research project funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research, the book presents a multidisciplinary debate on the current state of research on the ethical, legal and social implications of personalised medicine. At a time when future health care is a topic of much discussion, this book provides valuable policy recommendations for the way forward. This study will be of interest to researchers from various disciplines including philosophy, bioethics, law and social sciences.

Bef Higungsgerechtigkeit

Author: Peter Dabrock
Publisher: Gütersloher Verlagshaus
ISBN: 3641100429
Size: 17.61 MB
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Was bedeutet Gerechtigkeit heute? - Eine kritische Überprüfung des Konzeptes der Befähigungsgerechtigkeit an entscheidenden sozialethischen Konfliktfeldern der Gegenwart Was bedeutet Gerechtigkeit heute? Das sozialethische Konzept der »Befähigungsgerechtigkeit« – von dem Nobelpreisträger Amartya Sen entworfen und von der amerikanischen Philosophin Martha Nussbaum weiterentwickelt – antwortet, indem es bei den grundlegenden Fähigkeiten des Menschen ansetzt, die die Grundlage eines guten Lebens sind: die Fähigkeiten, gesund zu sein, Bindungen einzugehen, sein Leben selbstverantwortet zu planen usw. Aus diesen Fähigkeiten leitet das Konzept sozialethische Postulate ab: Staat und Gesellschaft sollen die Bedingungen gewährleisten, unter denen Menschen solche Fähigkeiten entfalten können. Aber: Kann dieses Konzept in einer hoch differenzierten sozialen Wirklichkeit konkrete Handlungsperspektiven eröffnen und z.B. Kriterien für eine Priorisierung knapper werdender Ressourcen im Bereich der Gesundheitsversorgung zur Verfügung stellen? Peter Dabrock erschließt die Prinzipien und Argumentationsweise des Konzepts der Befähigungsgerechtigkeit und prüft seine Reichweite an wichtigen sozialethischen Konfliktfeldern der Gegenwart.

Handbuch Verantwortung

Author: Ludger Heidbrink
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658061103
Size: 24.66 MB
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Das Handbuch Verantwortung vermittelt einen Überblick über Themen und Positionen der internationalen Verantwortungsforschung. Es befasst sich mit Geschichte und Etymologie der Verantwortung und zeigt, warum der Verantwortungsbegriff zum Grundvokabular des ethischen Denkens gehört. Wann immer von Verantwortung die Rede ist, spielen Begriffe wie Freiheit, Zurechnung, Schuld oder Pflicht eine wesentliche Rolle. Darüber hinaus werden unterschiedliche Typen und Arten der Verantwortung wie individuelle und kollektive Verantwortung behandelt. Der Leser wird mit den wichtigsten Handlungsbereichen vertraut gemacht, zu denen die politische und rechtliche Verantwortung gehören, aber auch die Rolle des Verantwortungsprinzips in Erziehung, Medien, Technik und Wissenschaft. Nicht zuletzt geht es um den Beitrag, den das Verantwortungsprinzip für den Umgang mit Herausforderungen der Menschenrechte, der Weltarmut oder des Klimawandels leistet.

Jewish And Catholic Bioethics

Author: Edmund D. Pellegrino MD
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589013506
Size: 51.21 MB
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Drawing on multiple interconnected scriptural and spiritual sources, the Jewish tradition of ethical reflection is intricate and nuanced. This book presents scholarly Jewish perspectives on suffering, healing, life, and death, and it compares them with contemporary Christian and secular views. The Jewish perspectives presented in this book are mainly those of orthodox scholars, with the responses representing primarily Christian-Catholic points of view. Readers unfamiliar with the Jewish tradition will find here a practical introduction to its major voices, from Spinoza to Jewish religious law. The contributors explore such issues as active and passive euthanasia, abortion, assisted reproduction, genetic screening, and health care delivery. Offering a thoughtful and thought-provoking dialogue between Jewish and Christian scholars, Jewish and Catholic Bioethics is an important contribution to ecumenical understanding in the realm of health care.