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Reise Um Die Welt

Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: Edition Erdmann in der marixverlag GmbH
ISBN: 3843800715
Size: 49.39 MB
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Die Aufzeichnungen von Charles Darwin (1809-1882) über seine Weltumsegelung mit der "Beagle" gehören zu den klassischen Reisewerken des 19. Jahrhunderts. Auf dieser Expedition lassen sich seine epochemachenden Ideen und Theorien, die später die viktorianische Gesellschaft in ihren Grundfesten erbeben ließen, gleichsam im Augenblick des Entstehens beobachten.Doch nicht nur die naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse, sondern vor allem die Schilderungen der ethnischen, sozialen und politischen Zustände und Ereignisse in den Ländern der südlichen Hemisphäre machen die Einzigartigkeit seines Berichtes aus.Nicht ohne Anteilnahme beschreibt er z.B. das Treiben der Soldateska des späteren argentinischen Diktators Rosas und die schrecklichen Gemetzel, die die gefürchteten Indianer unter der weißen Bevölkerung anrichten, berichtet von den barbarischen Bräuchen der kannibalischen Feuerländer, von denen man kaum glauben könne, dass sie "unsere Mitgeschöpfe und Bewohner derselben Welt" seien, beklagt die schnell fortschreitende Ausrottung der Ureinwohner Australiens durch die Europäer und fügt die Vielzahl seiner Beobachtungen zu einem Resümee zusammen, das Geschichte machte und seinen Zeitgenossen mit einem Schlag absolut neue Welten erschloss.Aus den umfangreichen Aufzeichnungen des jungen Forschers sind für diese Ausgabe – dem Charakter der Reihe entsprechend – die für den heutigen Leser besonders interessanten Teile seines Journals zusammengefasst, die Darwin vor allem als Entdeckungsreisenden zeigen und seine abenteuerlichen Erkundungen in zwei Kontinenten und der Inselwelt des Stillen Ozeans beinhalten. Daneben treten seine naturwissenschaftlichen Detailuntersuchungen zwangsläufig ein wenig zurück. Gewonnen wurde dadurch ein Lese-Abenteuer, dessen unmittelbare Frische und Spannung ihres gleichen suchen.

The Voyage Of The Beagle

Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141906618
Size: 40.31 MB
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When HMS Beagle sailed out of Devonport on 27 December 1831, Charles Darwin was twenty-two and setting off on the voyage of a lifetime. His journal, here reprinted in a shortened form, shows a naturalist making patient observations concerning geology, natural history, people, places and events. Volcanoes in the Galapagos, the Gossamer spider of Patagonia and the Australasian coral reefs – all are to be found in these extraordinary writings. The insights made here were to set in motion the intellectual currents that led to the most controversial book of the Victorian age: The Origin of Species.

The Book That Changed America

Author: Randall Fuller
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0698186672
Size: 35.57 MB
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A compelling portrait of a unique moment in American history when the ideas of Charles Darwin reshaped American notions about nature, religion, science and race “A lively and informative history.” – The New York Times Book Review Throughout its history America has been torn in two by debates over ideals and beliefs. Randall Fuller takes us back to one of those turning points, in 1860, with the story of the influence of Charles Darwin’s just-published On the Origin of Species on five American intellectuals, including Bronson Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, the child welfare reformer Charles Loring Brace, and the abolitionist Franklin Sanborn. Each of these figures seized on the book’s assertion of a common ancestry for all creatures as a powerful argument against slavery, one that helped provide scientific credibility to the cause of abolition. Darwin’s depiction of constant struggle and endless competition described America on the brink of civil war. But some had difficulty aligning the new theory to their religious convictions and their faith in a higher power. Thoreau, perhaps the most profoundly affected all, absorbed Darwin’s views into his mysterious final work on species migration and the interconnectedness of all living things. Creating a rich tableau of nineteenth-century American intellectual culture, as well as providing a fascinating biography of perhaps the single most important idea of that time, The Book That Changed America is also an account of issues and concerns still with us today, including racism and the enduring conflict between science and religion.

Darwin S Dice

Author: Curtis Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019936141X
Size: 19.23 MB
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"For evolutionary biologists, the concept of chance has always played a significant role in the formation of evolutionary theory. As far back as Greek antiquity, chance and "luck" were understood to be key factors in the evolution of the natural world. Emphasizing chance is an entire way of thinking about nature, and it is also one of the key ideas that separates Charles Darwin from other systematic biologists of his time. Studying the concept of chance in Darwin's writing reveals core ideas in his theory of evolution, as well as his reflections on design, purpose, and randomness in nature's progression over the course of history. In Darwin's Dice: The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin, Curtis Johnson does exactly that. He examines the workof Darwin in terms of his views on randomness and chance, and how the views changed as his work progressed. Randomness was a focal point for Darwin, and pursuing it as a theme helped significantly transform his research. Darwin's Dice shows us how Darwindefined "chance," and explores Darwin's influential architect metaphor in relation to the idea. Through the lens of randomness, Johnson reveals how Darwin's treatment of free will becomes more complex. This approach can shed light on many other quirks and points of interest in Darwin's work, including the curiously shifting presence of giraffes in subsequent drafts of On the Origin of Species. Johnson also reexamines Darwin's "Metaphysical Notebooks," and discusses the role Darwin felt that chance plays in morality and religion. Darwin's Dice presents a new way to look at Darwinist thought and the writings on Charles Darwin. Curtis Johnson reveals that chance and randomness play a large part in Darwinist thought, and that we can better understand Darwin's work by understanding that part"--

Literature Science Psychoanalysis 1830 1970

Author: Gillian Beer
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199266678
Size: 17.59 MB
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The interactions between literature and science and between literature and psychoanalysis have been among the most thriving areas for interdisciplinary study in recent years. Work in these 'open fields' has taught us to recognize the interdependence of different cultures of knowledge and experience, revealing the multiple ways in which science, literature, and psychoanalysis have been mutually enabling and defining, as well as corrective and contestatory of each other. Inspired by GillianBeer's path-breaking work on literature and science, this volume presents fourteen new essays by leading American and British writers. They focus on the evolutionary sciences in the nineteeth-century; the early years of psychoanalysis, from Freud to Ella Freeman Sharpe; and the modern development of the physical sciences. Drawing on recent debates within the history of science, psychoanalytic literary criticism, intellectual history, and gender studies, the volume makes a major contribution to our understanding of the formation of knowledge. Among its recurrent themes are: curiosity and epistemology; 'growth', 'maturity', and 'coming of age' as structuring metaphors (several essays focus especially on childhood); taxonomy; sleep and dreaming and elusive knowledge; the physiology of truth; and the gender politics of scientific theory and practice. The essays also reflect Beer's extensive influence as a literary critic, with close readings of works by Charlotte Bronte, Alfred Lord Tennyson, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Henry James, Oscar Wilde, H. G. Wells, Edith Ayrton Zangwill, Charlotte Haldane, Virginia Woolf, George Orwell, and Karin Boye.

Ber Die Entstehung Der Arten Gro Druck

Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781532849770
Size: 59.37 MB
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Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten Lesefreundlicher Großdruck in 16-pt-Schrift Edition Holzinger. Großformat, 216 x 279 mm Berliner Ausgabe, 2016 Vollständiger, durchgesehener Neusatz bearbeitet und eingerichtet von Michael Holzinger Erstdruck: London 1859. Erste deutsche Übersetzung von Heinrich Georg Bronn unter dem Titel »Über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzenreich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampf ums Daseyn«, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung der sechsten Auflage, London 1872, durch Julius Victor Carus von 1884. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe um's Dasein. Nach der letzten englischen Ausgabe wiederholt durchgesehen von J. Victor Carus, 9. Auflage, Stuttgart: Schweitzerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899. Herausgeber der Reihe: Michael Holzinger Reihengestaltung: Viktor Harvion Umschlaggestaltung unter Verwendung des Bildes: Charles Darwin auf einem Aquarell von George Richmond (1809-1896) aus dem Jahr 1840 Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 16 pt.