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The War Crime Of Child Soldier Recruitment

Author: Julie McBride
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9067049212
Size: 62.76 MB
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The practice of using children to participate in conflict has become a defining characteristic of 21st century warfare and is the most recent addition to the canon of international war crimes. This text examines the development of this crime of recruiting, conscripting or using children for participation in armed conflict, from human rights principle to fully fledged war crime, prosecuted at the International Criminal Court. The background and reasons for the growing use of children in armed conflict are analysed, before discussing the origins of the crime in international humanitarian law and human rights law treaties, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocol. Specific focus is paid to the jurisprudence of the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the International Criminal Court in developing and expanding the elements of the crime, the modes of ascribing liability to perpetrators and the defences of mistake and negligence. The question of how the courts addressed issues of cultural sensitivity, notably in terms of the liability of children, is also addressed.

Child Soldier Victims Of Genocidal Forcible Transfer

Author: Sonja C. Grover
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642236138
Size: 36.21 MB
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This book provides an original legal analysis of child soldiers recruited into armed groups or forces committing mass atrocities and/or genocide as the victims of the genocidal forcible transfer of children. Legal argument is made regarding the lack of criminal culpability of such child soldier 'recruits' for conflict-related international crimes and the inapplicability of currently recommended judicial and non-judicial accountability mechanisms in such cases. The book challenges various anthropological accounts of child soldiers' alleged 'tactical agency' to resist committing atrocity as members of armed groups or forces committing mass atrocity and/or genocide. Also provided are original interpretations of relevant international law including an interpretation of the Rome Statute age-based exclusion from prosecution of persons who were under 18 at the time of perpetrating the crime as substantive law setting an international standard for the humane treatment of child soldiers.

Child Soldiers As Agents Of War And Peace

Author: Leonie Steinl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9462652015
Size: 16.88 MB
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This book deals with child soldiers’ involvement in crimes under international law.Child soldiers are often victims of grave human rights abuses, and yet, in some cases,they also participate actively in inflicting violence upon others. Nonetheless, theinternational discourse on child soldiers often tends to ignore the latter dimensionof children’s involvement in armed conflict and instead focuses exclusively on theirrole as victims. While it might seem as though the discourse is therefore beneficial for child soldiersas it protects them from blame and responsibility, it is important to realize that theso-called passive victim narrative entails various adverse consequences, which canhinder the successful reintegration of child soldiers into their families, communitiesand societies. This book aims to address this dilemma. First, the available optionsfor dealing with child soldiers’ participation in crimes under international law, suchas transitional justice and criminal justice, and their shortcomings are analyzed indepth. Subsequently a new approach is developed towards achieving accountabilityin a child-adequate way, which is called restorative transitional justice. This book is in the first place aimed at researchers with an interest in child soldiers,children and armed conflict, as well as international criminal law, transitional justice,juvenile justice, restorative justice, children’s rights, and international human rightslaw. Secondly, professionals working on issues of transitional justice, juvenile justice,international criminal law, children’s rights, and the reintegration of child soldierswill also find the subject matter of great relevance to their practice. Dr. Leonie Steinl, LL.M. (Columbia) is a Researcher and Lecturer at the Faculty of Lawof the Humboldt-Universität in Berlin.

Child Soldiers

Author: David M. Rosen
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598845268
Size: 62.77 MB
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This book exposes the role of children in war, describing where, why, and how children are deployed, the attempts made by international organizations to protect children, and the underlying political and cultural issues that make this such a thorny issue. * A chronology of major events in the efforts to limit the use of child soldiers * Biographical sketches of famous child soldiers and key figures in the effort to ban the use of child soldiers * A directory of organizations involved in the child soldier issue

Feuer Und Zorn

Author: Michael Wolff
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 364400207X
Size: 69.69 MB
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Es ist das Enthüllungsbuch, das die Präsidentschaft von Donald Trump erschüttert: Michael Wolffs «Feuer und Zorn» ist ein eindrucksvolles Sittengemälde der amerikanischen Politik unter Trump. Im Mittelpunkt ein Präsident, den seine Mitarbeiter wie ein kleines Kind behandeln, und der umgeben ist von Inkompetenz, Intrigen und Verrat. Der Bestseller-Autor Wolff beschreibt das Chaos, das in den ersten Monaten im Weißen Haus geherrscht hat, er enthüllt, wie nah die Russland-Verbindung an Trump herangerückt ist und wie es zum Rauswurf des FBI-Chefs Comey kam. Und er liefert erstaunliche Details über das Privatleben dieses Präsidenten. Über zweihundert Interviews hat Wolff mit den engsten Mitarbeitern des US-Präsidenten geführt, darunter auch der ehemalige Chef-Berater Stephen Bannon: Noch nie ist es einem Journalisten gelungen, das Geschehen im Weißen Haus so genau nachzuzeichnen. Herausgekommen ist das einzigartige Porträt eines Präsidenten, der selbst nie damit gerechnet hat, die Wahl zu gewinnen. Michael Wolffs Bericht aus dem Weißen Haus unter Trump ist in den USA ein Bestseller: ein aktuelles politisches Buch, das das sich wie ein Königsdrama von Shakespeare liest.

Should Child Soldiers Be Punished For War Crimes

Author: Victor Roman
Publisher: Victor Roman
ISBN: 384541247X
Size: 77.78 MB
Format: PDF
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This paper takes a theoretical approach to examining the justification for punishing child soldiers for war crimes. The author uses a wide range of academic literature from the field of Politics, Philosophy, Sociology, Media, Law and Psychology to explain this very complex issue surrounding child soldiers. The author is inspired by Omar Khadr's case, a young soldier who has been detained since he was at the age of 15, November 2002, in Guantanamo Bay and tried for alleged war crimes. The paper analyses this apparent breach of international law through an ethical lens with the hope that it can find a real justification for punishing child soldiers who commit atrocities. The author goes through controversial issues such as childhood being a social construct and children being rational moral agents, the diffusion of combatant's responsibility for war crimes and the moral justification of punishment. The aim of this paper is to launch an in-depth debate on a topic which might have been considered straight-forward, but as the author proves, it deserves the full attention of scholars in the field of Political Science and Law.

Child Soldiers In The Western Imagination

Author: David M Rosen
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813563720
Size: 67.22 MB
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When we hear the term “child soldiers,” most Americans imagine innocent victims roped into bloody conflicts in distant war-torn lands like Sudan and Sierra Leone. Yet our own history is filled with examples of children involved in warfare—from adolescent prisoner of war Andrew Jackson to Civil War drummer boys—who were once viewed as symbols of national pride rather than signs of human degradation. In this daring new study, anthropologist David M. Rosen investigates why our cultural perception of the child soldier has changed so radically over the past two centuries. Child Soldiers in the Western Imagination reveals how Western conceptions of childhood as a uniquely vulnerable and innocent state are a relatively recent invention. Furthermore, Rosen offers an illuminating history of how human rights organizations drew upon these sentiments to create the very term “child soldier,” which they presented as the embodiment of war’s human cost. Filled with shocking historical accounts and facts—and revealing the reasons why one cannot spell “infantry” without “infant”—Child Soldiers in the Western Imagination seeks to shake us out of our pervasive historical amnesia. It challenges us to stop looking at child soldiers through a biased set of idealized assumptions about childhood, so that we can better address the realities of adolescents and pre-adolescents in combat. Presenting informative facts while examining fictional representations of the child soldier in popular culture, this book is both eye-opening and thought-provoking.