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The Wechsler Enterprise

Author: G. Frank
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483285944
Size: 43.86 MB
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This is a unique work which is the culmination of the author's many years of experience in the use of the Wechsler tests in clinical assessments and as a teacher of their use. In his research, he has questioned the validity of the hypotheses used to explain the meaning of Wechsler data and the heuristic value of Wechsler data in clinical assessment. This book traces the history and development of the tests and reflects on their psychometric qualities and clinical utility. A challenging work, it asks clinicians to examine some of their most cherished hypotheses regarding the use of these tests in clinical assessment.

Perspectives On Bias In Mental Testing

Author: Cecil Reynolds
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468446584
Size: 17.50 MB
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The cultural-test-bias hypothesis is one of the most important scien tific questions facing psychology today. Briefly, the cultural-test-bias hypothesis contends that all observed group differences in mental test scores are due to a built-in cultural bias of the tests themselves; that is, group score differences are an artifact of current psychomet ric methodology. If the cultural-test-bias hypothesis is ultimately shown to be correct, then the 100 years or so of psychological research on human differences (or differential psychology, the sci entific discipline underlying all applied areas of human psychology including clinical, counseling, school, and industrial psychology) must be reexamined and perhaps dismissed as confounded, contam inated, or otherwise artifactual. In order to continue its existence as a scientific discipline, psychology must confront the cultural-test-bias hypothesis from the solid foundations of data and theory and must not allow the resolution of this issue to occur solely within (and to be determined by) the political Zeitgeist of the times or any singular work, no matter how comprehensive. In his recent volume Bias in Mental Testing (New York: Free Press, 1980), Arthur Jensen provided a thorough review of most of the empirical research relevant to the evaluation of cultural bias in psychological and educational tests that was available at the time that his book was prepared. Nevertheless, Jensen presented only one per spective on those issues in a volume intended not only for the sci entific community but for intelligent laypeople as well.

Intelligence Testing And Minority Students

Author: Richard R. Valencia
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 145225088X
Size: 53.60 MB
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Intelligence Testing and Minority Students offers the reader a fresh opportunity to re-learn and re-consider the implications of intelligence testing. Richard R. Valencia and Lisa A. Suzuki discuss the strengths and limitations of IQ testing relative to the factors which may contribute to biased results. They review the history of the adaptation and adoption of intelligence testing; evaluate the heredity-environment debate; discuss the specific performance factors which apply to IQ testing of those in minority ethnic groups. This practical book offers the practitioner a good sense of what can be done to make testing and education serve the needs of all students fairly and validly, whatever their background.

Enterprising Psychometrics And Poverty Reduction

Author: Bailey Klinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146147227X
Size: 79.34 MB
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This book uses newly collected data with nearly 2000 observations across Africa and Latin America of SME owner/operators to examine if psychometric tools can distinguish the good ones from the bad ones. This book fully describes the development problem and how psychometric tools can help solve it. Moreover, it presents and develops the unique statistical methodologies to deploy psychometric tools for credit screening. This will be the single complete publication of the work to date by the entrepreneurial finance lab, created by Klinger & Khwaja. This work started as a research project at Harvard University’s center for international development, with funding from This work is very high profile, winning the G-20 SME Finance Challenge in 2010 (global open competition to identify the best scalable solutions to unlocking SME finance- winners honored at the G-20 summit in Seoul Korea and receiving significant funding from G-20 countries for the implementation of their models).

Human Intelligence And Medical Illness

Author: R. Grant Steen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441900920
Size: 61.50 MB
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As critics will note, psychometric tests are deeply flawed. Person-to-person differences in performance on a psychometric test are not informative about many things of great interest. An intelligence quotient (IQ) cannot characterize creativity or w- dom or artistic ability or other forms of specialized knowledge. An IQ test is simply an effort to assess an aptitude for success in the modern world, and individual scores do a mediocre job of predicting individual successes. In the early days of psychology, tests of intelligence were cobbled together with little thought as to validity; instead, the socially powerful sought to validate their power and the prominent to rationalize their success. In recent years, we have ob- ated many of the objections to IQ that were so forcefully noted by Stephen Jay Gould in The Mismeasure of Man. Nevertheless, IQ tests are still flawed and those flaws are hereby acknowledged in principle. Yet, in the analysis that follows, individual IQ test scores are not used; rather, average IQ scores are employed. In many cases – though not all – an average IQ is calculated from a truly enormous sample of people. The most common circ- stance for such large-scale IQ testing is an effort to systematically sample all men of a certain age, to assess their suitability for service in the military. Yet, it is useful and prudent to retain some degree of skepticism about the ability of IQ tests to measure individual aptitudes.

Intelligence And Intelligence Testing

Author: Richard B Fletcher
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136823212
Size: 28.88 MB
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There can be no denying the enduring appeal of IQ over the last century. It is probably one of the most misunderstood yet highly researched psychological constructs ever. Such has been the controversy surrounding this topic that it is difficult to distinguish fact from fiction. Intelligence and Intelligence Testing is a text that aims to address that.

Cross Cultural Psychology

Author: John W. Berry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521745209
Size: 46.42 MB
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Third edition of leading textbook offering an advanced overview of all major perspectives of research in cross-cultural psychology.