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The World System And The Earth System

Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315416832
Size: 54.11 MB
Format: PDF
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In this benchmark volume top scholars come together to present state-of-the-art research and pursue a more rigorous framework for understanding and studying the linkages between social and ecological systems. Contributors from a wide spectrum of disciplines, including archaeology, anthropology, geography, ecology, palaeo-science, geology, sociology, and history, present and assess both the evolution of our thinking and current, state-of-the-art theory and research. Covering ancient through modern periods, they discuss the complex ways in which human culture, economy, and demographics interact with ecology and climate change. The World System and the Earth System is critical reading for all scholars and students working at the interface of nature and society.Contributors: Thomas Abel, Björn Berglund, Chris Chase-Dunn, Alfred Crosby, Carole L. Crumley, John Dearing, Bert de Vries, Nina Eisenmenger, Andre Gunder Frank, Jonathan Friedman, Stefan Giljum, Thomas Hall, Karin Holmgren, Alf Hornborg, Kristian Kristiansen, Thomas Malm, Daniel Mandell, Betty Meggers, George Modelski, Emilio Moran, Helena Öberg, Frank Oldfield, Susan Stonich, William Thompson, Peter Turchin.

Mass Migration In The World System

Author: Terry-Ann Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317256263
Size: 43.60 MB
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Mass Migration in the World-System brings to light the multiple experiences of migrants across different zones of the world economy. By engaging wide-ranging ideas and theoretical viewpoints of the migration process, the labor market for immigrants, and the rights of migrants, this book provides an important-and much needed-interdisciplinary perspective on the issues of mass migration.

Human Ecodynamics In The North Atlantic

Author: Ramona Harrison
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739185489
Size: 23.84 MB
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In Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic: A Collaborative Model of Humans and Nature through Space and Time, Maher and Harrison have compiled a series of separate research projects conducted across the North Atlantic region that each contribute greatly to the area of study.

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Change

Author: John A Matthews
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446264882
Size: 42.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Global Ecology And Unequal Exchange

Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136658491
Size: 22.98 MB
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In modern society, we tend to have faith in technology. But is our concept of ‘technology’ itself a cultural illusion? This book challenges the idea that humanity as a whole is united in a common development toward increasingly efficient technologies. Instead it argues that modern technology implies a kind of global ‘zero-sum game’ involving uneven resource flows, which make it possible for wealthier parts of global society to save time and space at the expense of humans and environments in the poorer parts. We tend to think of the functioning of machines as if it was detached from the social relations of exchange which make machines economically and physically possible (in some areas). But even the steam engine that was the core of the Industrial Revolution in England was indissolubly linked to slave labour and soil erosion in distant cotton plantations. And even as seemingly benign a technology as railways have historically saved time (and accessed space) primarily for those who can afford them, but at the expense of labour time and natural space lost for other social groups with less purchasing power. The existence of technology, in other words, is not a cornucopia signifying general human progress, but the unevenly distributed result of unequal resource transfers that the science of economics is not equipped to perceive. Technology is not simply a relation between humans and their natural environment, but more fundamentally a way of organizing global human society. From the very start it has been a global phenomenon, which has intertwined political, economic and environmental histories in complex and inequitable ways. This book unravels these complex connections and rejects the widespread notion that technology will make the world sustainable. Instead it suggests a radical reform of money, which would be as useful for achieving sustainability as for avoiding financial breakdown. It brings together various perspectives from environmental and economic anthropology, ecological economics, political ecology, world-system analysis, fetishism theory, semiotics, environmental and economic history, and development theory. Its main contribution is a new understanding of technological development and concerns about global sustainability as questions of power and uneven distribution, ultimately deriving from the inherent logic of general-purpose money. It should be of interest to students and professionals with a background or current engagement in anthropology, sustainability studies, environmental history, economic history, or development studies.

Global Magic

Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137567872
Size: 54.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modern thought on economics and technology is no less magical than the world views of non-modern peoples. This book reveals how our ideas about growth and progress ignore how money and machines throughout history have been used to exploit less affluent parts of world society. The argument critically explores a middle ground between Marxist political ecology and Actor-Network Theory.

Rethinking Environmental History

Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759113971
Size: 66.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This exciting new reader in environmental history provides a framework for understanding the relations between ecosystems and world-systems over time. Alf Hornborg, J. R. McNeill, and Joan Martinez-Alier have brought together a group of the foremost writers from the social, historical, and geographical sciences to provide an overview of the ecological dimension of global, economic processes, with a long-term, historical perspective. Readers are challenged to integrate studies of the Earth-system with studies of the world-system, and to reconceptualize the relations between human beings and their environment, as well as the challenges of global sustainability.

Governance Of Earth Systems

Author: Robert Boardman
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Size: 31.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Science and politics are closely connected in today's global environmental issues. This book focuses on these links in relation to climate change, the threats to wildlife species, and natural hazards and disasters. Close study of these links of these reveals the need for more effective international cooperation and the limits of global governance.

Sustainable Development In A Globalized World

Author: Björn Hettne
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230551275
Size: 80.88 MB
Format: PDF
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This book offers a highly original approach to the analysis of globalization and global governance. Focusing on important global issues such as development, peace and scurity, the international authors present a true multicultural perspective on the impact of globalization on development and peace.

Socialising Complexity

Author: Sheila Kohring
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
Size: 10.79 MB
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Table of Contents Socialising Complexity : Structure, Interaction and Power in Archaeological Discourse by Kohring, Sheila (Editor, Author); Wynne-Jones, Stephanie (Editor, Author) Terms of Use Part I The Complexity Concept p. 1 1 Socialising Complexity Stephanie Wynne-Jones and Sheila Kohring p. 2 2 Evolution, Complexity and the State Robert Chapman p. 13 Part II The Organisation of Society p. 29 3 Notes on a New Paradigm Carole Crumley p. 30 4 Social complexity is not the same as hierarchy Stella Souvatzi p. 37 5 The Rules of the Game. Decentralised Complexity and Power Structures Kristian Kristiansen p. 60 6 The state they were in: community, continuity and change in the north-central Andes, 1000-1608 AD Kevin Lane p. 76 Part III Complexity Through Practice p. 99 7 Materialising ‘complex’ social relationships: Technology, production and consumption in a Copper Age Community Sheila Kohring and Carlos P. Odriozola and Victor M. Hurtado p. 100 8 Settings and symbols: assessing complexity in the pre-Hispanic Andes Elizabeth DeMarrais p. 118 Part IV Complexity and Landscape p. 141 9 Multiple landscapes and layered meanings: scale, interaction and process in the development of a Swahili town Stephanie Wynne-Jones p. 142 10 Social landscapes and community identity: the social organisation of space in the north-central Andes Alexander Herrera p. 161 11 Taking the Bight out of complexity: elaborating interior landscapes within South-Central California David W. Robinson p. 186 Part V Encountering Complexity p. 209 12 Creating Complexity: the example of the Muisca of Colombia Monica J. Giedelmann Reyes p. 210 13 The decentralised state: nomads, complexity and sociotechnical systems in Inner Asia David Sneath p. 228 Descriptive content provided by SyndeticsTM, a Bowker service. Summary Socialising Complexity : Structure, Interaction and Power in Archaeological Discourse by Kohring, Sheila (Editor, Author); Wynne-Jones, Stephanie (Editor, Author) Terms of use Socialising Complexity: Structure, Interaction and Power in Archaeological Discourse introduces complexity as a conceptual tool, rather than a category, for understanding social formations. This new approach moves beyond traditional concerns with what constitutes a complex society and focuses instead on the complexity inherent in every society through its particular structuring principles. Descriptive content provided by SyndeticsTM, a Bowker service.