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Thermochemical Surface Engineering Of Steels

Author: Eric J. Mittemeijer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096524
Size: 25.95 MB
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Thermochemical surface engineering significantly improves the properties of steels. Edited by two of the world’s leading authorities, this important book summarises the range of techniques and their applications. It covers nitriding, nitrocarburizing and carburizing. There are also chapters on low temperature techniques as well as boriding, sheradizing, aluminizing, chromizing, thermo-reactive deposition and diffusion. Reviews the fundamentals of surface treatments and current performance of improved materials Covers nitriding, nitrocarburizing and carburizing of iron and iron carbon alloys Examines how different thermochemical surface engineering methods can help against corrosion

Current Trends In Boriding

Author: Michal Kulka
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030067823
Size: 28.40 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents the most important thermochemical and physical techniques of boriding. The formation and characterization of different boride layers or boride coatings are compared in this book. The author analyzes the technological aspects of boriding processes, presenting the advantages and disadvantages of each method. The effect of the boriding techniques on the microstructure of borided materials are also indicated. The mechanism of formation of active boron atoms or ions and the phenomena during re-melting of alloying material together with the substrate are described. Special attention is devoted to powder-pack boriding, electrochemical boriding in borax, gas boriding, plasma gas or paste boriding and laser or plasma surface alloying with boron, acknowledged as the most important current methods in boriding. The thermodynamics of gas boriding is also analyzed.

Surface Engineering Casebook

Author: J S Burnell-Gray
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855732605
Size: 66.29 MB
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This book concisely and uniquely encompasses the principles of corrosion and wear as manifested in industrial failures and the solutions offered by surface engineering.

The Sgte Casebook

Author: K Hack
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693957
Size: 46.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE) is a consortium of European and North American research groups developing thermodynamic databases and software to model the thermodynamic properties of metals and other materials. Understanding these properties is critical to improving the processing of metals and their performance in such areas as resistance to high-temperature corrosion. This substantially revised new edition explores both the theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling and its wide range of practical applications. These applications include the analysis of hot salt and other types of high-temperature corrosion, understanding the loss of corrosion resistance in stainless and other types of steel, the processing of steels, as well as the use of thermodynamics to improve the functionality of materials for microelectronics and lighting applications, and in the analysis of nuclear safety issues. New case studies also illustrate applications to kinetically-controlled processes such as the solidification and heat treatment of alloys as well as the production of silicon and titanium oxide pigment. The SGTE casebook is a valuable reference for those manufacturing steels and other materials, those using materials in high-temperature applications such as the power industry and in other areas such as microelectronics and lighting. This updated and revised edition explores theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling Practical applications are provided, including types of high-temperature corrosion Valuable reference for the power and microelectronics industry

Nanotechnology In Eco Efficient Construction

Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098837
Size: 79.50 MB
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As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency

Flame Hardening

Author: Hans Wilhelm Grönegress
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642867219
Size: 13.93 MB
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This book intended for shop use tries to familiarize the reader with the peculiari ties of a hardening method which due to its many advantages is now in use,many shops. A general knowledge of the principles of hardening and heat treating is presumed. Introduction 1. The name of the process. Flame hardening is a method derived from the old quench hardening and is used for the surface hardening of heat treatable steels. Flame hardening is so named in analogy to flame cutting as the use of a flame is a distinctive feature of this process as opposed to the use of a furnace. 2. Characteristics of flame hardening. In flame hardening the area to be 6 hardened is heated with a burner of large heat capacity (approx. 0.5 · 10 kcaljhr/ meter of flame lengths or 50,000 BTUfhr/inch of flame length) supplied with a mixture of fuel gas and oxygen. The hardening temperature is thus reached in so short a time at the surface that a heat jam is created, that is, more heat is supplied to the surface than can be dissipated to the interior of the workpiece. As the querr ehing takes place immediately after the heating the penetration of the heat to greater depth is prevented and only the outer layer subject to wear is hardened. The core of the workpiece remains unaffected by this heat treatment in cantrast to the other hardening methods where the entire piece is through heated in a furnace.


Author: Verein Deutscher Eisenhüttenleute. Ausschuss für Metallurgische Grundlagen
Size: 20.32 MB
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Author: Stephan Engelsmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3034611846
Size: 46.55 MB
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Kunststoffe sind hochleistungsfähige Werkstoffe, die seit geraumer Zeit Anwendung in der Architektur finden. Sie faszinieren durch vielfältige technische Eigenschaften. Neben diesen macht ein breites Spektrum an Formgebungs- und Bearbeitungsmethoden das Material interessant für komplexe Geometrien in Verbindung mit digitalen Planungsprozessen. Nach den Pionierbauten der 1970er Jahre hat in jüngster Zeit eine Reihe von aufsehenerregenden Bauwerken erneut den Fokus auf das technische und ästhetische Potential von Kunststoffen gelenkt. Bislang fehlte allerdings eine umfassende Darstellung zur Verwendung von Kunststoff in der Architektur. Das vorliegende Buch schließt diese Lücke und bietet eine Einführung in die konstruktiven und gestalterischen Möglichkeiten des Werkstoffs. Es werden nicht nur Kunststoffe und ihre Eigenschaften, sondern auch Herstellung, Verarbeitung und Konstruktionsprinzipien beschrieben und für die Architektur relevante Kunststoffprodukte und -halbzeuge vorgestellt. Eine Auswahl von ca. 25 internationalen gebauten Projekten, geordnet nach Kunststoffarten und Einsatzgebiet, dokumentiert die Anwendungen von Kunststoff in der Architektur. Ein Ausblick erläutert Tendenzen in der Forschung.