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Thermodynamics Of Atmospheres And Oceans

Author: Judith A. Curry
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780121995706
Size: 28.60 MB
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Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the first systematic and unifying approach to the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean and establishes the interrelationship between these subjects. This simultaneous examination of the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean enriches our understanding of both, and is essential in many issues such as forecasting severe weather and understanding climate variability. Thermodynamics in Atmospheres and Oceans will serve as a text for introductory graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in atmospheric science and oceanography. The logical presentation of formulas, diagrams, and tables will prove valuable to researchers, practicing scientists and engineers working in the field.

Ocean Dynamics

Author: Dirk Olbers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364223450X
Size: 79.95 MB
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Ocean Dynamics’ is a concise introduction to the fundamentals of fluid mechanics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the common approximations for geophysical fluid dynamics, presenting a comprehensive approach to large-scale ocean circulation theory. The book is written on the physical and mathematical level of graduate students in theoretical courses of physical oceanography, meteorology and environmental physics. An extensive bibliography and index, extensive side notes and recommendations for further reading, and a comparison with the specific atmospheric physics where applicable, makes this volume also a useful reading for researchers. Each of the four parts of the book – fundamental laws, common approximations, ocean waves, oceanic turbulence and eddies, and selected aspects of ocean dynamics – starts with elementary considerations, blending then classical topics with more advanced developments of fluid mechanics and theoretical oceanography. The last part covers the theory of the global wind-driven circulation in homogeneous and stratified regimes, the circulation and overturning in the Southern Ocean, and the global meridional overturning and thermohaline-driven circulation. Emphasis is placed on simple physical models rather than access to extensive numerical results, enabling students to understand and reproduce the complex theory mostly by analytical means. All equations and models are derived in detail and illustrated by numerous figures. The appendix provides short excursions into the mathematical background, such as vector analysis, statistics, and differential equations

Atmosphere Ocean Dynamics

Author: Adrian E. Gill
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780122835223
Size: 46.99 MB
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How the Ocean : Atmosphere System Is Driven -- Transfer of Properties between Atmosphere and Ocean -- Properties of a Fluid at Rest -- Equations Satisfied by a Moving Fluid -- Adjustment under Gravity in a Nonrotating System -- Adjustment under Gravity of a Density-Stratified Fluid -- Effect of Rotation -- Gravity Waves in a Rotating Fluid -- Forced Motion -- Effects of Side Boundaries -- The Tropics -- Mid-Latitudes -- Instabilities, Fronts, and the General Circulation -- Units and Their SI Equivalents -- Useful Values -- Properties of Seawater -- Properties of Moist Air.

Atmosphere Ocean And Climate Dynamics

Author: John Marshall
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556703
Size: 34.17 MB
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For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.

Physics Of The Marine Atmosphere

Author: H. U. Roll
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483222543
Size: 10.58 MB
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International Geophysics Series, Volume 7: Physics of the Marine Atmosphere discusses the influence exerted by the sea surface on the properties of the atmosphere as well as on atmospheric processes of small and medium scale. This book is composed of six chapters that specifically consider the exchange occurring in the boundary layer between ocean and atmosphere. The opening chapters deal with the particular difficulties inherent in meteorological measurements at sea. The remaining chapters describe the flow characteristics, thermodynamics, chemistry, electricity, and radioactivity of the marine atmosphere. Emphasis is placed on the physical approach rather than on geographical aspects and those of application. A discussion of the empirical facts is followed by theoretical interpretation. Geophysicists, theoreticians, and scientists of the allied fields will find this book invaluable.

Fundamentals Of Atmospheric Physics

Author: Murry L. Salby
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080532152
Size: 17.11 MB
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Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics emphasizes the interrelationships of physical and dynamical meteorology. The text unifies four major subject areas: atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatic equilibrium and stability, atmospheric radiation and clouds, and atmospheric dynamics. These fundamental areas serve as cornerstones of modern atmospheric research on environmental issues like global change and ozone depletion. Physical concepts underlying these subject areas are developed from first principles, providing a self-contained text for students and scholars from diverse backgrounds. The presentation is Lagrangian (single-body problems) in perspective, with a balance of theory and application. Each chapter includes detailed and extensive problems; selected answers are provided, as are appendices of various constants. The text requires a thorough foundation in calculus. Presents a comprehensive introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatics, radiation and clouds, and dynamics Develops concepts from first principles, providing a self-contained volume for readers from diverse backgrounds Emphasizes the interaction of physical processes shaping global problems of atmospheric energetics, transport, and chemistry Provides a balance of theory and applications, with examples drawn from a wide range of phenomena figuring in global atmospheric research Extensively illustrated with global satellite imagery and analyses and photographs of laboratory simulations Exercises apply to a wide range of topical problems

High Resolution Numerical Modelling Of The Atmosphere And Ocean

Author: Kevin Hamilton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387497914
Size: 54.17 MB
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This highly relevant text documents the first international meeting focused specifically on high-resolution atmospheric and oceanic modeling. It was held recently at the Earth Simulator Center in Yokohama, Japan. Rather than producing a standard conference proceedings volume, the editors have decided to compose this volume entirely of papers written by invited speakers at the meeting, who report on their most exciting recent results involving high resolution modeling.

Geophysical Waves And Flows

Author: David E. Loper
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316946797
Size: 44.77 MB
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Waves and flows are pervasive on and within Earth. This book presents a unified physical and mathematical approach to waves and flows in the atmosphere, oceans, rivers, volcanoes and the mantle, emphasizing the common physical principles and mathematical methods that apply to a variety of phenomena and disciplines. It is organized into seven parts: introductory material; kinematics, dynamics and rheology; waves in non-rotating fluids; waves in rotating fluids; non-rotating flows; rotating flows; and silicate flows. The chapters are supplemented by 47 'fundaments', containing knowledge that is fundamental to the material presented in the main text, organized into seven appendices: mathematics; dimensions and units; kinematics; dynamics; thermodynamics; waves; and flows. This book is an ideal reference for graduate students and researchers seeking an introduction to the mathematics of waves and flows in the Earth system, and will serve as a supplementary textbook for a number of courses in geophysical fluid dynamics.

Thermodynamics Kinetics And Microphysics Of Clouds

Author: Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316060713
Size: 40.28 MB
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Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Microphysics of Clouds presents a unified theoretical foundation that provides the basis for incorporating cloud microphysical processes in cloud and climate models. In particular, the book provides: • A theoretical basis for understanding the processes of cloud particle formation, evolution and precipitation, with emphasis on spectral cloud microphysics based on numerical and analytical solutions of the kinetic equations for the drop and crystal size spectra along with the supersaturation equation • The latest detailed theories and parameterizations of drop and crystal nucleation suitable for cloud and climate models derived from the general principles of thermodynamics and kinetics • A platform for advanced parameterization of clouds in weather prediction and climate models • The scientific foundation for weather and climate modification by cloud seeding. This book will be invaluable for researchers and advanced students engaged in cloud and aerosol physics, and air pollution and climate research.

Atmosphere Ocean Dynamics

Author: Adrian E. Gill
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780122835209
Size: 25.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2019
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In this work, Dr. Gill looks at the study of oceanic and atmospheric circulations. He explains how atmospheric and oceanic circulations are ultimately driven by solar energy, and covers the study of observed distributions of physical quantities, including temperature.