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Thinking About Consciousness

Author: David Papineau
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199271153
Size: 31.18 MB
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Consciousness is widely regarded as an intractable mystery. Many scientists and philosophers view it as an enigma whose solution waits on some unforeseeable theoretical breakthrough. David Papineau argues that this pessimism is quite misplaced. Consciousness seems mysterious, not because of any hidden essence, but only because we humans think about it in a special way. Thinking about Consciousness analyses this special mode of thought in detail, and exposes the ways in which it can lead us into confusions about consciousness. At the heart of the book lies a distinction between two ways of thinking about conscious states. We humans can think about conscious states materially, as normal items inhabiting the material world. But we can also think about them phenomenally, as items that feel a certain way. Dualists hold that this phenomenal mode of thought describes some special non-material reality. But David Papineau argues that it is invalid to move from a distinctive phenomenal mode of thought to a distinct non-material reality. By carefully analysing the structure of phenomenal concepts, he is able to expose the flaws in the standard arguments for dualism, while at the same time explaining why dualism can seem so intuitively compelling. Thinking about Consciousness also casts a new light on contemporary scientific research into consciousness. Much of this research is motivated by the apparently 'hard problem' of identifying the referents of phenomenal concepts.David Papineau argues that such research promises less than it can deliver. Once phenomenal concepts are recognised for what they are, many of the questions posed by consciousness research turn out to be irredeemably vague. This is the first book to provide a detailed analysis of phenomenal concepts from a materialist point of view. By recognising the importance of phenomenal thinking, David Papineau is able to place a materialist account of consciousness on a firm foundation, and to laymany traditional problems of consciousness to rest.

The Character Of Consciousness

Author: David J. Chalmers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199826612
Size: 62.57 MB
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In this book David Chalmers follows up and extends his thoughts and arguments on the nature of consciousness that he first set forth in his groundbreaking 1996 book, The Conscious Mind.

Western Philosophy

Author: David Papineau
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 80.18 MB
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Presents the philosophical ideas of some of the most important thinkers throughout history along with a treatment of some of the key concepts of philosophy, such as freedom, conscience, knowledge, equality, and free will.

Philosophy Of Mind

Author: David John Chalmers
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195145816
Size: 46.51 MB
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This is a comprehensive collection of readings in the philosophy of mind, ranging from Descartes to the leading edge of the discipline.

Self Knowing Agents

Author: Lucy O'Brien
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191615544
Size: 50.79 MB
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Lucy OBrien argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. She considers two main questions. First, what account of first-person reference can we give that respects the guaranteed nature of such reference? Second, what account can we give of our knowledge of our mental and physical actions? Clearly written, with rigorous discussion of rival views, this book will be of interest to anyone working in the philosophy of mind and action.

There S Something About Mary

Author: Peter Ludlow
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262621892
Size: 14.33 MB
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Key papers on one of the most important and provocative thought experiments in philosophy of mind.

The Philosophy Of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Margaret A. Boden
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198248545
Size: 61.14 MB
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Is `artificial intelligence' a contradiction in terms? Could computers (in principle) model every aspect of the mind, including logic, language, and emotion? What of the more brain-like, connectionist computers: could they really understand, even if digital computers cannot? This collection of classic and contemporary readings (which includes an editor's introduction and an up-to-date reading list) provides a clearly signposted pathway into hotly disputed philosophical issues at the heart of artificial intelligence.

Self Knowledge

Author: Brie Gertler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136858121
Size: 55.35 MB
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In this outstanding introduction Brie Gertler assesses the leading theoretical approaches to self-knowledge, explaining the work of many of the key figures in the field: from Descartes and Kant, through to Bertrand Russell and Gareth Evans, as well as recent work by Tyler Burge, David Chalmers, William Lycan and Sydney Shoemaker. Essential reading for students of philosophy of mind, epistemology, and metaphysics.

Self And World

Author: Quassim Cassam
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198238959
Size: 48.68 MB
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Self and World is an exploration of the nature of self-awareness. Quassim Cassam challenges the widespread and influential view that we cannot be introspectively aware of ourselves as objects in the world. In opposition to the views of many empiricist and idealist philosophers, including Hume, Kant, and Wittgenstein, he argues that the self is not systematically elusive from the perspective of self-consciousness, and that consciousness of our thoughts and experiences requires a sense of our thinking, experiencing selves as shaped, located, and solid physical objects in a world of such objects. Awareness of oneself as a physical object involves forms of bodily self-awareness whose importance has seldom been properly acknowledged in philosophical accounts of the self and self-awareness. The conception of self-awareness defended in this book helps to undermine the idealist thesis that the self does not belong to the world, and also the claim that the existence of subjects or persons is only a derivative feature of reality. In the final part of the book, Cassam argues that the existence of persons is a substantial fact about the world, and that it is not possible to give a complete description of reality without claiming that persons exist. This clear, original, and challenging treatment of one of the deepest of intellectual problems will demand the attention of all philosophers and cognitive scientists who are concerned with the self.

Minds And Computers An Introduction To The Philosophy Of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Matt Carter
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748629300
Size: 50.39 MB
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Could a computer have a mind? What kind of machine would this be? Exactly what do we mean by 'mind' anyway?The notion of the 'intelligent' machine, whilst continuing to feature in numerous entertaining and frightening fictions, has also been the focus of a serious and dedicated research tradition. Reflecting on these fictions, and on the research tradition that pursues 'Artificial Intelligence', raises a number of vexing philosophical issues. Minds and Computers introduces readers to these issues by offering an engaging, coherent, and highly approachable interdisciplinary introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Readers are presented with introductory material from each of the disciplines which constitute Cognitive Science: Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, Computer Science, and Linguistics. Throughout, readers are encouraged to consider the implications of this disparate and wide-ranging material for the possibility of developing machines with minds. And they can expect to de