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Thomas Hobbes Writings On Common Law And Hereditary Right

Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198237022
Size: 66.86 MB
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This volume in the Clarendon Edition of the Works of Thomas Hobbes contains A dialogue between a philosopher and a student, of the common laws of England, edited by Alan Cromartie, supplemented by the important fragment on the issue of regal succession, 'Questions relative to Hereditary Right', discovered and edited by Quentin Skinner.The former work is the last of Hobbes's major political writings. As a critique of common law by a great philosopher, it should be essential reading for anybody interested in English political thought or legal theory. Although it was written when Hobbes was at least eighty, it is a lively piece of work that goes beyond a recapitulation of earlier Hobbesian doctrines, not least in applying his central ideas to the details of the English constitution. This edition supplies the extensiveannotation on matters of legal and historical detail that is required by non-specialist readers; it also assists students by offering cross-references to other treatises. Cromartie's introduction is an authoritative account of seventeenth-century thinking about the common law and of Hobbes's shiftingattitudes towards it. It has often been suspected that the book was motivated by fear of being burned for heresy. Cromartie disentangles the complex evidence (scattered across a number of late works) that documents this fear's development, and shows why the philosopher's acute anxieties eventually led him to write a legal treatise. In clarifying these questions, the edition casts fresh light upon his attitude to law and sovereignty.The second piece takes the form of a question put to Hobbes about the right of succession under hereditary monarchies, together with Hobbes's response. The question is in the handwriting of the fourth Earl of Devonshire, the son of the third Earl, whom Hobbes had tutored in the 1630s. He asks Hobbes whether an heir can be excluded if he is incapable of protecting his prospective subjects. The question of 'exclusion' became the most burning issue in English politics in the course of 1679,when a bill to exclude the future James II was introduced into the House of Commons. Hobbes answers with a robust defence of hereditary right, in the course of which he also makes some important general observations about the concept of a right. The manuscript is also of special interest as itconstitutes Hobbes's last word on politics. It was almost certainly written in the summer of 1679, less than six months before Hobbes's death.

From Humanism To Hobbes

Author: Quentin Skinner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107128854
Size: 71.35 MB
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Offers new insights into the works of Machiavelli, Shakespeare and especially Hobbes by focusing on their use of rhetoric.

A Dialogue Between A Philosopher And A Student Of The Common Laws Of England

Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199236237
Size: 10.98 MB
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This volume in the Clarendon Edition of the Works of Thomas Hobbes contains A dialogue between a philosopher and a student, of the common laws of England, edited by Alan Cromartie, supplemented by the important fragment on the issue of regal succession, "Questions relative to Hereditary Right", discovered and edited by Quentin Skinner. The former work is the last of Hobbes's major political writings. As a critique of common law by a great philosopher, it should be essential reading for anybody interested in English political thought or legal theory. Although it was written when Hobbes was at least eighty, it is a lively piece of work that goes beyond a recapitulation of earlier Hobbesian doctrines, not least in applying his central ideas to the details of the English constitution. This edition supplies the extensive annotation on matters of legal and historical detail that is required by non-specialist readers; it also assists students by offering cross-references to other treatises. Cromartie's introduction is an authoritative account of seventeenth-century thinking about the common law and of Hobbes's shifting attitudes towards it. It has often been suspected that the book was motivated by fear of being burned for heresy. Cromartie disentangles the complex evidence (scattered across a number of late works) that documents this fear's development, and shows why the philosopher's acute anxieties eventually led him to write a legal treatise. In clarifying these questions, the edition casts fresh light upon his attitude to law and sovereignty. The second piece takes the form of a question put to Hobbes about the right of succession under hereditary monarchies, together with Hobbes's response. The question is in the handwriting of the fourth Earl of Devonshire, the son of the third Earl, whom Hobbes had tutored in the 1630s. He asks Hobbes whether an heir can be excluded if he is incapable of protecting his prospective subjects. The question of "exclusion" became the most burning issue in English politics in the course of 1679, when a bill to exclude the future James II was introduced into the House of Commons. Hobbes answers with a robust defence of hereditary right, in the course of which he also makes some important general observations about the concept of a right. The manuscript is also of special interest as it constitutes Hobbes's last word on politics. It was almost certainly written in the summer of 1679, less than six months before Hobbes's death.

Thomas Hobbes

Author: R.E.R. Bunce
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441170235
Size: 74.67 MB
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In this volume, Dr Bunce (University of Cambridge) introduces Hobbes' ambitious philosophical project to discover the principles that govern the social world. If Hobbes' immodest assessment that he successfully attained this goal may be disputed, Bunce nevertheless captures the extraordinary enduring value of Hobbes' work for the contemporary reader. Thomas Hobbes's name and the title of his most famous work, Leviathan, have come to be synonymous with the idea that the natural state of humankind is 'nasty, brutish, and short' and only the intervention of a munificent overlord may spare men and women from this unenviable fate by imposing order where there would otherwise be chaos. The problem that Hobbes formulated resonates through the centuries as the enduring dilemma of political organisation and social cooperation. Indeed it can be seen today in fields as diverse as theoretical game theory and international relations.

Jean Calvin Et Thomas Hobbes

Author: Olivier Abel
Publisher:
ISBN: 9782830914559
Size: 69.90 MB
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Jean Calvin et Thomas Hobbes n'ont jamais été clairement associés ailleurs que dans la célèbre série humoristique Calvin & Hobbes. Dans l'histoire de la pensée politique, la confrontation du Réformateur français et du philosophe anglais est peu commentée. Pourtant, ces deux grandes figures des XVIe et XVIIe siècles participent d'un même effort de repenser le politique après les ruptures de la modernité. Né vingt-quatre ans après la mort de Calvin, Thomas Hobbes opère une véritable réception de Calvin dans sa philosophie politique, notamment sur la question du statut des Ecritures, sur celle du Royaume de Dieu dont le régime temporel se sépare du règne de l'Etat moderne, sur celle du corps politique et sa différenciation d'avec le corps ecclésial, et encore sur celles de la prédestination et de la sincérité, où se constitue un aspect important du sujet moderne. C'est ce que cet ouvrage aux plumes internationales s'attache â démontrer, en soulignant notamment que Calvin mérite incontestablement d'être considéré à l'égal d'un Machiavel dans la généalogie de la pensée politique moderne, de Hobbes à Rousseau.

Bibliographie De La Philosophie

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9782271064011
Size: 70.54 MB
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L'opposition entre Foucault et Habermas a donné lieu à l'un des moments légendaires de la philosophie sociale du XXe siècle. A juste titre sans doute, puisqu'il vit s'affronter deux conceptions de la nature et des finalités d'une analyse englobante de la société moderne qui ont compté parmi les plus riches et les plus cohérentes de l'après-guerre, étendant leurs ramifications dans de multiples directions : théorie du langage, conception de la subjectivité, épistémologie des sciences humaines, philosophie morale, étude des processus de rationalisation, élucidation du statut de la critique.L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'éclairer, dans toute leur richesse et leur diversité, les enjeux du différend entre Foucault et Habermas. Passé le temps des polémiques, demeure un dossier consistant dont l'exploration s'avère aujourd'hui décisive pour toute théorie de la société qui voudra concilier la pertinence historique et politique de son propos avec la conscience des fondements comme des limites de son propre discours.

Hobbes Et Le Corps De Dieu

Author: Dominique Weber
Publisher: Vrin
ISBN: 9782711621743
Size: 58.68 MB
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Dieu est corps: parmi toutes les doctrines polemiques de Thomas Hobbes, celle qui affirme la corporeite de Dieu l'est tout particulierement. De nombreux philosophes et theologiens contemporains de Hobbes l'ont du reste percue comme un immense et insupportable scandale . Cependant, bien souvent, ils y ont vu aussi une these veritablement centrale de la philosophie de Hobbes, alors que de nombreux interpretes ulterieurs, encore aujourd'hui, ont ete tentes de la renvoyer plutot a ses marges. La presente recherche essaie de montrer que cette these, liee a sa decision theorique de fond en faveur de l'univocite de l'etant, joue bien un role majeur dans la pensee de Hobbes.