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Ties That Bound

Author: Marie Jenkins Schwartz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022646072X
Size: 40.25 MB
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Behind every great man stands a great woman. And behind that great woman stands a slave. Or so it was in the households of the Founding Fathers from Virginia, where slaves worked and suffered throughout the domestic environments of the era, from Mount Vernon, Monticello, and Montpelier to the nation’s capital. American icons like Martha Washington, Martha Jefferson, and Dolley Madison were all slaveholders. And as Marie Jenkins Schwartz uncovers in Ties That Bound, these women, as the day-to-day managers of their households, dealt with the realities of a slaveholding culture directly and continually, even in the most intimate of spaces. Unlike other histories that treat the stories of the First Ladies’ slaves as separate from the lives of their mistresses, Ties That Bound closely examines the relationships that developed between the First Ladies and their slaves. For elite women and their families, slaves were more than an agricultural workforce; slavery was an entire domestic way of life that reflected and reinforced their status. In many cases slaves were more constant companions to the white women of the household than were their husbands and sons, who often traveled or were at war. By looking closely at the complicated intimacy these women shared, Schwartz is able to reveal how they negotiated their roles, illuminating much about the lives of slaves themselves, as well as class, race, and gender in early America. By detailing the prevalence and prominence of slaves in the daily lives of women who helped shape the country, Schwartz makes it clear that it is impossible to honestly tell the stories of these women while ignoring their slaves. She asks us to consider anew the embedded power of slavery in the very earliest conception of American politics, society, and everyday domestic routines.

Lady First

Author: Amy S. Greenberg
Publisher: Knopf
ISBN: 0385354142
Size: 49.87 MB
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The little-known story of remarkable First Lady Sarah Polk--a brilliant master of the art of high politics and a crucial but unrecognized figure in the history of American feminism. While the Woman's Rights convention was taking place at Seneca Falls in 1848, First Lady Sarah Childress Polk was wielding influence unprecedented for a woman in Washington, D.C. Yet, while history remembers the women of the convention, it has all but forgotten Sarah Polk. Now, in her riveting biography, Amy S. Greenberg brings Sarah's story into vivid focus. We see Sarah as the daughter of a frontiersman who raised her to discuss politics and business with men; we see the savvy and charm she brandished in order to help her brilliant but unlikeable husband, James K. Polk, ascend to the White House. We watch as she exercises truly extraordinary power as First Lady: quietly manipulating elected officials, shaping foreign policy, and directing a campaign in support of America's expansionist war against Mexico. And we meet many of the enslaved men and women whose difficult labor made Sarah's political success possible. Lady First also shines a light on Sarah's many layers and contradictions. While her marriage to James was one of equals, she firmly opposed the feminist movement's demands for what she perceived to be far-reaching equality. She banned dancing and hard liquor from the White House, but did more entertaining than any of her predecessors. During the Civil War, she operated on behalf of the Confederacy even though she claimed to be neutral. And in the late nineteenth-century, she became a celebrity among female Christian temperance reformers, while she struggled to redeem her husband's tarnished political legacy. Sarah Polk's life spanned nearly the entirety of the 19th-century. But her own legacy, which profoundly transformed the South, continues to endure. Comprehensive, nuanced, and brimming with invaluable insight, Lady First is a revelation of our eleventh First Lady's complex but essential part in American feminism.

First Ladies

Author: Betty Boyd Caroli
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190669144
Size: 65.28 MB
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Betty Boyd Caroli's engrossing and informative First Ladies is both a captivating read and an essential resource for anyone interested in the role of America's First Ladies. Caroli observes the role as it has shifted and evolved from ceremonial backdrop to substantive world figure. This expanded and updated fifth edition presents Caroli's keen political analysis and astute observations of recent developments in First Lady history, including Melania Trump's reluctance to take on the mantle and former First Lady Hilary Clinton's recent run for president. Caroli here contributes a new preface and updated chapters. Covering all forty-five women from Martha Washington to Melania and Ivanka Trump and including the daughters, daughters-in-law, and sisters of presidents who served as First Ladies, Caroli explores each woman's background, marriage, and accomplishments and failures in office. This remarkable lot included Abigail Adams, whose "remember the ladies" became a twentieth-century feminist refrain; Jane Pierce, who prayed her husband would lose the election; Helen Taft, who insisted on living in the White House, although her husband would have preferred a judgeship; Eleanor Roosevelt, who epitomized the politically involved First Lady; and Pat Nixon, who perfected what some have called "the robot image." They ranged in age from early 20s to late 60s; some received superb educations for their time, while others had little or no schooling. Including the courageous and adventurous, the ambitious, and the reserved, these women often did not fit the traditional expectations of a presidential helpmate. First Ladies is an engaging portrait of how each First Lady changed the role and how the role changed in response to American culture. These women left remarkably complete records, and their stories offer us a window through which to view not only this particular sorority of women, but also the role of American woman in general.

Sibling Action

Author: Stefani Engelstein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542712
Size: 54.37 MB
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The sibling stands out as a ubiquitous—yet unacknowledged—conceptual touchstone across the European long nineteenth century. Beginning in the late eighteenth century, Europeans embarked on a new way of classifying the world, devising genealogies that determined degrees of relatedness by tracing heritage through common ancestry. This methodology organized historical systems into family trees in a wide array of new disciplines, transforming into siblings the closest contemporaneous terms on trees of languages, religions, races, nations, species, or individuals. In literature, a sudden proliferation of siblings—often incestuously inclined—negotiated this confluence of knowledge and identity. In all genealogical systems the sibling term, not quite same and not quite other, serves as an active fault line, necessary for and yet continuously destabilizing definition and classification. In her provocative book, Stefani Engelstein argues that this pervasive relational paradigm shaped the modern subject, life sciences, human sciences, and collective identities such as race, religion, and gender. The insecurity inherent to the sibling structure renders the systems it underwrites fluid. It therefore offers dynamic potential, but also provokes counterreactions such as isolationist theories of subjectivity, the political exclusion of sisters from fraternal equality, the tyranny of intertwined economic and kinship theories, conflicts over natural kinds and evolutionary speciation, and invidious anthropological and philological classifications of Islam and Judaism. Integrating close readings across the disciplines with panoramic intellectual history and arresting literary interpretations, Sibling Action presents a compelling new understanding of systems of knowledge and provides the foundation for less confrontational formulations of belonging, identity, and agency.

Die Plantagen Am Cooper River

Author: Edward Ball
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783100048042
Size: 39.30 MB
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Die breit angelegte, auf authentischen Zeugnissen basierende Südstaaten-Familiensaga entwirft zugleich ein erschütterndes Bild des amerikanischen Traumas der Sklaverei.

Heimkehren

Author: Yaa Gyasi
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832189653
Size: 44.52 MB
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Obwohl Effia und Esi Schwestern sind, lernen sie sich nie kennen, denn ihre Lebenswege verlaufen von Anfang an getrennt. Im Ghana des 18. Jahrhunderts heiratet Effia einen Engländer, der im Sklavenhandel zu Reichtum und Macht gelangt. Esi dagegen wird als Sklavin nach Amerika verkauft. Während Effias Nachkommen über Jahrhunderte Opfer oder Profiteure des Sklavenhandels werden, kämpfen Esis Kinder und Kindeskinder ums Überleben: auf den Plantagen der Südstaaten, während des Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges, der Großen Migration, in den Kohleminen Alabamas und dann, im 20. Jahrhundert, in den Jazzclubs und Drogenhäusern Harlems. Hat die vorerst letzte Generation schließlich die Chance, einen Platz in der Gesellschaft zu finden, den sie Heimat nennen kann und wo man nicht als Menschen zweiter Klasse angesehen wird? Mit einer enormen erzählerischen Kraft zeichnet Yaa Gyasi die Wege der Frauen und ihrer Nachkommen über Generationen bis in die Gegenwart hinein. ›Heimkehren‹ ist ein bewegendes Stück Literatur von beeindruckender politischer Aktualität. New-York-Times-Bestseller Das Hörbuch erscheint am 4. August bei DAV, gelesen von 14 Sprecherinnen und Sprechern: Bibiana Beglau, Wanja Mues, Britta Steffenhagen, Götz Schubert, Johann von Bülow, Stefan Kaminski, Felix Goeser, Bjarne Mädel, Max Mauff, Rike Schmid, Jodie Ahlborn, Jule Böwe, Judith Engel, Lisa Wagner

Manifest Der Kommunistischen Partei Illustriert

Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.
ISBN: 163537698X
Size: 10.86 MB
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Das Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, auch Das Kommunistische Manifest genannt, ist ein programmatischer text, in dem Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels große Teile der später als „Marxismus“ bezeichneten Weltanschauung entwickelten.Das Manifest entstand im Auftrag des Bundes der Kommunisten, der darin seine Anschauungen darlegen wollte. Es beginnt mit dem heute geflügelten Wort: „Ein Gespenst geht um in Europa – das Gespenst des Kommunismus“ und endet mit dem bekannten Aufruf: „Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!

Gnade

Author: Toni Morrison
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644002665
Size: 25.92 MB
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„Als ich herkam“, sagt Florens, die Erzählerin dieses Romans, „war ich, nach meinen Zähnen zu urteilen, sieben oder acht. Seither haben wir achtmal Pflaumenmarmelade gekocht. Also muss ich sechzehn sein.“ Milton, Delaware, 1682: Den Sklavenhandel gibt es noch nicht lange. Jacob Vaark, Farmer und Geldverleiher, nimmt Florens gegen seine Überzeugung von einem Pflanzer in Zahlung für eine nicht einbringbare Schuld. Doch bald stirbt er an den Blattern. Neben Florens bleiben drei Frauen zurück und bilden eine kuriose Familie: Rebekka, Jacobs in England gekaufte Frau, nur nominell die Gutsherrin; Lina, ihre indianische Dienerin und heimliche Drahtzieherin; und das kranke Waisenkind Sorrow, das ein Schiffbruch dorthin verschlagen hat. Zusammen kämpfen sie gegen die Rückkehr der Wildnis auf die Farm. Alle vier haben ihre eigene Geschichte, und alle werden verfolgt von den Geistern ihrer Vergangenheit... Verschiedene Formen von Abhängigkeit und Unterdrückung, aber auch von Liebe und gesellschaftlichem Zusammenhalt werden hier in einer Sprache beleuchtet, die reine Poesie ist. Und über allem glänzt das Erbarmen der Autorin mit den Menschen in diesem großen Roman, der von der US-Kritik neben ihren Welterfolg „Menschenkind“ gestellt wurde.

Twelve Years A Slave

Author: Solomon Northup
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 3492967086
Size: 47.97 MB
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Solomon Northup lebte als freier Bürger, bis er von Sklavenhändlern verschleppt und an einen Plantagenbesitzer in Louisiana verkauft wurde. Zwölf Jahre erlitt er grausamste Gefangenschaft, bevor er seine Freiheit zurückgewann und zu seiner Familie heimkehrte. Seine Memoiren von 1853 sind nicht nur wertvolles historisches Testament, sondern auch berührendes Zeugnis eines mutigen und unnachgiebigen Mannes. John Ridleys Drehbuch basiert auf seinem wahren Bericht.