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Ockhams Rasiermesser In Der Skeptikerbewegung

Author: Kim Schlotmann
ISBN: 3956849833
Size: 53.14 MB
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Die in den 70er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts entstandene Skeptikerbewegung, deren prominenteste Vertreter das Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI) und hierzulande die Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Paraphänomenen (GWUP) sind, hat es sich zum Ziel gesetzt, mit vermeintlich wissenschaftlicher Methodik das Vordringen von Esoterik und Pseudowissenschaften in der Gesellschaft zu bekämpfen. Hierbei lässt sie allerdings selbst grundlegende wissenschaftstheoretische Regeln völlig außer Acht, wie die vorliegende Untersuchung anhand der Verwendung von Ockhams Rasiermesser in der Skeptikerbewegung nachweist. Dabei wird nicht nur die fahrlässige Arbeitsweise der Skeptiker analysiert, sondern auch aufgezeigt, dass das Rasiermesser selbst seine hohe Reputation in der Wissenschaftstheorie oftmals zu Unrecht genießt.

To Save The Phenomena

Author: Pierre Duhem
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022638165X
Size: 29.33 MB
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Duhem's 1908 essay questions the relation between physical theory and metaphysics and, more specifically, between astronomy and physics–an issue still of importance today. He critiques the answers given by Greek thought, Arabic science, medieval Christian scholasticism, and, finally, the astronomers of the Renaissance.

Naturalizing Phenomenology

Author: Jean Petitot
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804736107
Size: 62.30 MB
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This ambitious work aims to shed new light on the relations between Husserlian phenomenology and the present-day efforts toward a scientific theory of cognition—with its complex structure of disciplines, levels of explanation, and conflicting hypotheses. The book’s primary goal is not to present a new exegesis of Husserl’s writings, although it does not dismiss the importance of such interpretive and critical work. Rather, the contributors assess the extent to which the kind of phenomenological investigation Husserl initiated favors the construction of a scientific theory of cognition, particularly in contributing to specific contemporary theories either by complementing or by questioning them. What clearly emerges is that Husserlian phenomenology cannot become instrumental in developing cognitive science without undergoing a substantial transformation. Therefore, the central concern of this book is not only the progress of contemporary theories of cognition but also the reorientation of Husserlian phenomenology. Because a single volume could never encompass the numerous facets of this dual aim, the contributors focus on the issue of naturalization. This perspective is far-reaching enough to allow for the coverage of a great variety of topics, ranging from general structures of intentionality, to the nature of the founding epistemological and ontological principles of cognitive science, to analyses of temporality and perception and the mathematical modeling of their phenomenological description. This book, then, is a collective reflection on the possibility of utilizing a naturalized Husserlian phenomenology to contribute to a scientific theory of cognition that fills the explanatory gap between the phenomenological mind and brain.

Essays In The History And Philosophy Of Science

Author: Roger Ariew
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872203082
Size: 27.44 MB
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"Here, for the first time in English, are the philosophical essays - including the first statement of the "Duhem Thesis" - that formed the basis for Aim and Structure of Physical Theory, together with new translations of the historiographical essays presenting the equally celebrated "Continuity Thesis" by Pierre Duhem (1861-1916), a founding figure of the history and philosophy of science. Prefaced by an introduction on Duhem's intellectual development and continuing significance, here as well are important subsequent essays in which Duhem elaborated key concepts and critiqued such contemporaries as Henri Poincare and Ernst Mach. Together, these works offer a lively picture of the state of science at the turn of the century while addressing methodological issues that remain at the center of debate today."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved