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To Scale

Author: Eric Jenkins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136746064
Size: 37.94 MB
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How big is Moscow’s Red Square in comparison to Tiananmen Square? Why are there fewer public squares in Japan than in Italy? What lessons might be found in the plan of Savannah, Georgia’s historic district? To Scale is a collection of plans of urban spaces drawn at the same scale to help answer these questions by providing a single and accurate resource of urban plans for architects, urban designers, planners and teachers, and students. The book contains one hundred figure-ground plans from seventy-eight cities around the world, describing an identical area (half a kilometer square) for each urban space. Accompanying each plan are photographs, diagrams and text that illustrate essential aspects of the plan or urban space for the designer. This compilation is an excellent resource helping to visualize, compare and reconceptualize urban design for students wanting to understand the lessons of existing cities and the making of urban spaces.


Author: Sophie Wolfrum
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3038215449
Size: 46.74 MB
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Bei jedem städtebaulichen Entwurf, bei jedem Eingriff in die räumliche Struktur öffentlicher städtischer Räume stellt sich die Frage nach der Komposition und den räumlichen Qualitäten von Plätzen. Auf welche Weise sind die wesentlichen Elemente beteiligt: Dimension, Proportion, Ausrichtung, Geschlossenheit, Zugänge, Schwerpunkt- und Randausbildung sowie Oberflächen und Materialien? Wie tragen sie zum Charakter eines Stadtraumes bei, der sich zur Identifikation der Bewohner anbietet? Für aktuelle Entwürfe unterstützt der Vergleich mit historischen Beispielen die Vorstellung räumlicher Wirkung. Ähnlich einem Grundrissatlas für Gebäude ermöglicht es der Platzatlas, räumliche Bedingungen für Bewegung und Aufenthalt anhand vergleichbarer existierender Plätze einzuschätzen. Für die meisten Rahmenbedingungen (Form, Größe, Lage, Topographie usw.) können Planer hier ein Vergleichsbeispiel finden. 70 europäische Plätze werden mit den wichtigsten Charakteristika in Schwarzplan, Grundriss, Schnitt und Axonometrie in einheitlichem Maßstab präsentiert und erläutert.


Author: Sophie Wolfrum
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3038215236
Size: 35.52 MB
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The question of composition and spatial qualities arises in every urban design concept or intervention in the spatial structure of urban public squares. How are the essential elements involved: dimension, proportion, alignment, cohesion, accesses, shaping of focus point and of edges like surfaces and materials? How do they contribute to a character of urban space with which residents can identify? Comparing historical examples with current designs aids one in visualizing spatial effect. Similar to a floor plan manual for buildings, Squares allows the user to evaluate spatial conditions for movement and rest based on comparable existing urban squares. The book offers the planner a comparative example for most conditions (shape, size, location, topography, and so on). Seventy European urban squares are presented and explained with the most important characteristics in a consistent manner in as-built plan, ground plan, section, and axonometric projection.

The Geometry Of Urban Layouts

Author: Mahbub Rashid
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319307509
Size: 63.66 MB
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This book presents a compendium of the urban layout maps of 2-mile square downtown areas of more than one hundred cities in developed and developing countries—all drawn at the same scale using high-resolution satellite images of Google Maps. The book also presents analytic studies using metric geometrical, topological (or network), and fractal measures of these maps. These analytic studies identify ordinaries, extremes, similarities, and differences in these maps; investigate the scaling properties of these maps; and develop precise descriptive categories, types and indicators for multidimensional comparative studies of these maps. The findings of these studies indicate that many geometric relations of the urban layouts of downtown areas follow regular patterns; that despite social, economic, and cultural differences among cities, the geometric measures of downtown areas in cities of developed and developing countries do not show significant differences; and that the geometric possibilities of urban layouts are vastly greater than those that have been realized so far in our cities.

Art Quilt Maps

Author: Valerie S. Goodwin
Publisher: C&T Publishing Inc
ISBN: 1607056828
Size: 22.25 MB
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Presents instructions on how to make quilted maps using fabric collage techniques and designs based on maps, and features a photo gallery of quilt maps by the author and her students.

Drawn To Design

Author: Eric J. Jenkins
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3038211923
Size: 32.42 MB
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The book is a guide for students and teachers to understand the need for, the role of and the methods and techniques of freehand analytical sketching in architecture. The presentation focuses on drawing as an approach to and phase of architectural design. The conceptual goal of this approach is to use drawing not as illustration or depiction, but exploration. The first part of the book discusses underlying concepts of freehand sketching in design education and practice as a compliment to digital technologies. The main component is a series of chapters that constitute a typology of fundamental issues in architecture and urban design; for instance, issues of “façade” are illustrated with sketch diagrams that show how façades can be explored and sketched through a series of specific questions and step-by-step procedures. This book is especially timely in an age in which the false conflict between "traditional vs. digital" gives way to multiple design tools, including sketching. It fosters understanding of the essential human ability to investigate the designed and natural world through freehand drawing. The author, Eric Jenkins has received several teaching awards and design awards. He is Associate Professor at Catholic University of America's School of Architecture and Planning where he teaches design, theory and analytical sketching. He earned a Masters in Design Studies from Harvard University's Graduate School of Design, and has previously published “To Scale: One Hundred Urban Plans”.

Integrating Geology In Urban Planning

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211200744
Size: 51.11 MB
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The Atlas of Urban Geology series is published by ESCAP in an effort to familiarize member countries with the outcome of a series of projects that are aimed at encouraging governments to make more efficient use of their own in-house expertise in earth sciences such as exists in national geological survey departments. Doing so should enhance the chances of attaining sustainable urban development, a professed goal of virtually all governments in the Asia-Pacific region, where soon city dwellers will outnumber rural populations.

The Democratic Plan Analysis And Diagnosis

Author: Dr Alan March
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409483398
Size: 76.78 MB
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Despite ongoing technical and professional advances, urban and regional planning is often far less effective than we might hope. Conflicting approaches and variable governmental settings have undermined planning’s legitimacy and allowed its goals to be eroded and co-opted in the face of mounting challenges. Deeper organising principles for self-understanding, action and productive critique are lacking. This book takes steps toward resolving these problems by providing a clear theoretical position to practically examine urban planning systems within democratic governance settings: the basis of planning’s legitimacy and action. Joining practical planning with political science perspectives and the work of critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, it directly examines urban planning as a process of governance. The dilemmas inherent to democracy are used as key organising principles and challenges for planning. Collective knowledge development and steering processes are examined as the core purposes of urban planning. Communicative planning’s grounding in the work of Habermas is revisited to develop practical ways of examining overall planning systems. This theoretical approach can be adapted to a range of planning systems and settings beyond those examined in the book, such as corporate or political realms. It is one of only a few analyses that bring together theoretical understandings and grounded and practical analyses of an Australian planning system. Conceptual and highly practical explanations of how and why the Victorian system does and doesn't ‘work’ are revealed. The book demonstrates how specific placed-based understandings, and meaningful comparison between planning systems, can be made using critical theory to suggest positive change.