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Tort Law Challenging Orthodoxy

Author: Stephen G A Pitel
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1782252509
Size: 41.98 MB
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In this book leading scholars from the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia challenge established common law rules and suggest new approaches to both old and emerging problems in tort law. Some of the chapters consider broad issues such as the importance of flexibility over certainty in tort law, connections between tort law and human flourishing and the indirect effects of changes in tort law. Other chapters engage more specific topics including the role of vindication in tort law, the relationship between criminal law and tort law, the use of epidemiological evidence in analysing causation, accessory liability in tort law, the role of malice in intentional torts and the role of statutes in tort law. They propose new approaches to contributory negligence, emotional distress, loss of a chance, damages for nuisance, the tort of conspiracy and vicarious liability. The chapters in this book were originally presented at the Sixth Biennial Conference on the Law of Obligations at Western University in London, Ontario in July 2012. They will be highly useful to lawyers, judges and scholars across the common law world.

Der Verwerflich Handelnde Gesch Digte

Author: Lorenz Mayr
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161542282
Size: 60.99 MB
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English summary: This book offers a detailed comparative analysis of the "ex turpi causa non oritur actio" maxim. Focusing in particular on its dogmatic classification and policy rationales, Lorenz Mayr demonstrates that the doctrine's scope of application within tort law is actually very narrow. German description: Kann der Schadiger einem Anspruch aus unerlaubter Handlung den Einwand entgegenhalten, dass der geltend gemachte Schaden auf einem verwerflichen Verhalten des Geschadigten beruht? Im englischen Recht ist die sogenannte "Illegality Defence" zwar grundsatzlich anerkannt, doch sind die Voraussetzungen, die dogmatische Qualifikation und die sachliche Rechtfertigung dieser Rechtsfigur nach wie vor unklar. Im deutschen Recht taucht derselbe Rechtsgedanke unter anderem im Zusammenhang mit der Einschrankung von Verkehrspflichten gegenuber "Unbefugten," dem Mitverschulden, der unzulassigen Rechtsausubung und dem normativen Schadensbegriff auf. Lorenz Mayr unterzieht die verschiedenen dogmatischen und rechtspolitischen Begrundungsmodelle einer rechtsvergleichenden Untersuchung, deckt dabei zahlreiche Parallelen auf und demonstriert anhand von Fallgruppen, dass dem Einwand verwerflichen Verhaltens im Deliktsrecht nur ein sehr beschrankter Anwendungsbereich zukommt.

Rechtsdogmatik In England

Author: Martin Flohr
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161552809
Size: 20.52 MB
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Lasst sich die Prasenz dogmatischen Denkens als Beleg fur den europaischen Charakter des englischen Rechts anfuhren? Martin Flohr erhellt den geistesgeschichtlichen Hintergrund des englischen Rechtsdenkens, zeichnet ein Bild der englischen Rechtsmentalitat und deckt die institutionellen Hindernisse auf, die der Verbreitung dogmatischer Methoden entgegenstanden. Seit einigen Jahren ist ein tiefgreifender Wandel des Selbstverstandnisses englischer Universitatsjuristen zu beobachten. In der lebhaften Debatte daruber, ob und gegebenenfalls wie das Fallrecht systematisiert werden kann, ohne es zu verfalschen und seiner Anpassungsfahigkeit zu berauben, wird der Mentalitatsbruch besonders deutlich. Wahrend die altere Generation der Rechtslehrer sich mit einer akkuraten Darstellung der Kasuistik begnugt hatte, sucht der wissenschaftliche Nachwuchs nach der inneren Struktur des Rechts sowie den bestmoglichen Erklarungen fur dessen Regeln. Martin Flohr stellt verschiedene Forschungsansatze vor, die eine Rationalisierung des Privatrechts versprechen, und eroffnet damit auch eine neue Perspektive auf die Grundlagen der kontinentaleuropaischen Jurisprudenz.

Causation In European Tort Law

Author: Marta Infantino
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108304877
Size: 50.49 MB
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Through a comprehensive analysis of sixteen European legal systems, based on an assessment of national answers to a factual questionnaire, Causation in European Tort Law sheds light on the operative rules applied in each jurisdiction to factual and legal causation problems. It highlights how legal systems' features impact on the practical role that causation is called upon to play, as well as the arguments of professional lawyers. Issues covered include the conditions under which a causal link can be established, rules on contribution and apportionment, the treatment of supervening, alternative and uncertain causes, the understanding of loss-of-a-chance cases, and the standard and the burden of proving causation. This is a book for scholars, students and legal professionals alike.

Causation In Negligence

Author: Sarah Green
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782255206
Size: 30.56 MB
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The principal objective of this book is simple: to provide a timely and effective means of navigating the current maze of case law on causation, in order that the solutions to causal problems might more easily be reached and the law relating to them more easily understood. The need for this has been increasingly evident in recent judgments dealing with causal issues: in particular, it seems to be ever harder to distinguish between the different 'categories' of causation and, consequently, to identify the legal test to be applied on any given set of facts. Causation in Negligence will make such identification easier, both by clarifying the parameters of each category and mapping the current key cases accordingly, and by providing one basic means of analysis which will make the resolution of even the thorniest of causal issues a straightforward process. The causal inquiry in negligence seems to have become a highly complicated and confused area of the law. As this book demonstrates, this is unnecessary and easily remedied.

Conflict Of Laws

Author: Stephen G. A. Pitel
Publisher: Irwin Law
ISBN: 9781552214367
Size: 32.83 MB
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Stephen Pitel and Nicholas Rafferty have written a highly readable, thoughtful treatise that explains and analyzes the rules of the conflict of laws in force in Canada in a clear and concise manner. Understanding the conflict of laws allows lawyers, judges, scholars, and students to better address any legal situation that crosses borders.

Accessory Liability

Author: Paul S Davies
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1849469563
Size: 15.72 MB
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Accessory liability in the private law is of great importance. Claimants often bring claims against third parties who participate in wrongs. For example, the 'direct wrongdoer' may be insolvent, so a claimant might prefer a remedy against an accessory in order to obtain satisfactory redress. However, the law in this area has not received the attention it deserves. The criminal law recognises that any person who 'aids, abets, counsels or procures' any offence can be punished as an accessory, but the private law is more fragmented. One reason for this is a tendency to compartmentalise the law of obligations into discrete subjects, such as contract, trusts, tort and intellectual property. This book suggests that by looking across such boundaries in the private law, the nature and principles of accessory liability can be better understood and doctrinal confusion regarding the elements of liability, defences and remedies resolved. Winner of the Joint Second SLS Peter Birks Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship 2015.