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Tower And Slab

Author: Florian Urban
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136638490
Size: 51.57 MB
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Tower and Slab looks at the contradictory history of the modernist mass housing block - home to millions of city dwellers around the world. Few urban forms have roused as much controversy. While in the United States decades-long criticism caused the demolition of most mass housing projects for the poor, in the booming metropolises of Shanghai and Mumbai remarkably similar developments are being built for the wealthy middle class. While on the surface the modernist apartment block appears universal, it is in fact diverse in its significance and connotations as its many different cultural contexts. Florian Urban studies the history of mass housing in seven narratives: Chicago, Paris, Berlin, Brasilia, Mumbai, Moscow, and Shanghai. Investigating the complex interactions between city planning and social history, Tower and Slab shows how the modernist vision to house the masses in serial blocks succeeded in certain contexts and failed in others. Success and failure, in this respect, refers not only to the original goals – to solve the housing crisis and provide modern standards for the entire society – but equally to changing significance of the housing blocks within the respective societies and their perception by architects, politicians, and inhabitants. These differences show that design is not to blame for mass housing’s mixed record of success. The comparison of the apparently similar projects suggests that triumph or disaster does not depend on a single variable but rather on a complex formula that includes not only form, but also social composition, location within the city, effective maintenance, and a variety of cultural, social, and political factors.

Parthenope Neapolis Napoli

Author: Elisabeth Oy-Marra
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847008889
Size: 75.66 MB
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Bis in die 60er Jahre des 20. Jahrhunderts war die Stadt am Golf ein Sehnsuchtsort, und auch heute noch blühen die Zitronen in Unteritalien. Dieser Band mit Beiträgen aus der Archäologie, der Geschichts-, Kunst-, Musik-, Film- und Literaturwissenschaft zeigt aber, dass Neapel auch stets ein Hort der Unruhe, des Zwielichtigen, wenn nicht des Anrüchigen war und ist. Die Stadt ist so durchlässig wie der Tuffsteingrund, auf dem Parthenope einst erbaut wurde. Als »Stadt des Porösen« (Walter Benjamin) steht Neapel für eine reiche antike Überlieferung, für eine hoch entwickelte Opernkultur und eine barocke Verblüffungskunst, die ihresgleichen sucht, aber auch für die lange spanische Fremdherrschaft, für blutige Rebellionen und nicht zuletzt für die Auswüchse globalisierter Kriminalität. Until the 1960’s the city situated on the Gulf was a place of desire and even today lemons are still blossoming in Southern Italy. This volume with essays from archaeology, study fields of history, art, music, film and literature depict that Naples also was and still is a hotbed of unrest, of shadiness not to say disreputability. The city is as porous as the volcanic tuff on which Parthenope once was built. As a »porous city« (Walter Benjamin) Naples stands for a rich ancient tradition, for a highly developed opera culture and for an outstanding baroque art but also for a long period of Spanish rule, for bloody rebellions and last but not least for global crime.

Architektur Im Gebrauch

Author: Ammon, Sabine
Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin
ISBN: 3798329400
Size: 61.30 MB
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Der Tagungsband versammelt Beiträge des 2. Forums Architekturwissenschaft zum Thema „Architektur im Gebrauch". Vertreten sind Positionen aus Soziologie, Architektur und Landschaftsarchitektur, Geschichte und Kunstgeschichte, Philosophie sowie Theater-, Film- und Kulturwissenschaften. Die Autorinnen und Autoren nähern sich dem Thema in zwei Perspektiven. Zum einen interessiert die lebensweltliche Verankerung von Architektur: die Gebrauchserfahrungen und die vielfältigen Weisen, in denen das Gebaute im Alltag jedes Menschen in Erscheinung tritt. Zum anderen werden die Vorstellungen vom Gebrauch in Prozessen des Planens und Bauens untersucht. Dabei treten unweigerlich auch Spannungsverhältnisse zutage – zwischen Planerinnen und Nutzern, aber auch zwischen unterschiedlichen Gebrauchsweisen. Diesen Aspekten wird sowohl in theoretischen Auseinandersetzungen zu einem Begriff von Gebrauch in der Architektur als auch in empirischen Studien zu einzelnen Bauten, Bautypen, zeitgeschichtlichen Gebrauchsphänomenen und alltagsweltlichen Situationen auf den Grund gegangen. The conference proceedings include papers presented at the 2nd Forum Architekturwissenschaft on ‘Architecture In Use’ and combine perspectives from sociology, architecture, landscape architecture, history, art history, philosophy and cultural studies. The authors approach the topic in two perspectives. On the one hand, the volume addresses architecture as a phenomenon rooted in the lifeworld by discussing the experience of using architecture and the manifold ways in which the built environment becomes meaningful in everyday life. On the other hand, concepts of usage in planning and construction processes are examined. Consequently, tensions between planners and users, but also between different ways of using architecture, become evident. Both theoretical articles on the notion of use and empirical studies on specific buildings, different building types and usages in historical contexts or everyday situation define challenges within a “Architekturwissenschaft”.

Zemch Toward The Delivery Of Zero Energy Mass Custom Homes

Author: Masa Noguchi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319319671
Size: 29.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1994
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In this book, leading international experts explore the emerging concept of the zero energy mass custom home (ZEMCH) – designed to meet the need for social, economic, and environmental sustainability – and provide all of the knowledge required for the delivery of zero energy mass customized housing and community developments in developed and developing countries. The coverage is wide ranging, progressing from explanation of the meaning of sustainable development to discussion of challenges and trends in mass housing, the advantages and disadvantages of prefabricated methods of construction, and the concepts of mass customization, mass personalization, and inclusive design. A chapter on energy use will aid the reader in designing and retrofitting housing to reduce energy demand and/or improve energy end‐use efficiency. Passive design strategies and active technologies (especially solar) are thoroughly reviewed. Application of the ZEMCH construction criteria to new buildings and refurbishment of old houses is explained and the methods and value of building performance simulation, analyzed. The concluding chapter presents examples of ZEMCH projects from around the world, with discussion of marketing strategy, design, quality assurance, and delivery challenges. The book will be invaluable as a training/teaching tool for both students and industry partners.

Abstraktion Und Einfuhlung

Author: Wilhelm Worringer
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270042658
Size: 35.11 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Verdichtetes Wohnen

Author: Christian Schittich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3034615213
Size: 36.15 MB
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Dieser Bandstellt internationale Projekte vor, die vom Grundriss über Erschließung, Nutzungskonzepte bis hin zum Einsatz wirtschaftlicher Bausysteme die Bandbreite und Komplexität der Bauaufgabe dokumentieren.

Ber Das Befremdliche Berleben Des Neoliberalismus

Author: Colin Crouch
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518760904
Size: 41.75 MB
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Spätestens als Lehman Brothers im September 2008 Insolvenz anmelden mußte, hatte es für einen kurzen Moment den Anschein, als habe die letzte Stunde des Neoliberalismus geschlagen: Nachdem das Mantra vom Markt und von der Privatisierung seit den siebziger Jahren in aller Munde war, sollten nun die Regierungen eingreifen, um systemrelevante Banken zu retten. Die Kompetenz der Wirtschaftsführer stand massiv in Frage. Heute, nur drei Jahre später, bekommen die Manager wieder riesige Boni. Zur Refinanzierung der Rettungspakete werden Sozialleistungen gekürzt. Die Logik des radikalen Wettbewerbs und des unternehmerischen Selbst prägt nach wie vor unsere Mentalität. Wie ist das möglich? Diese Frage stellt Colin Crouch in seinem großen neuen Essay. Der Autor des vielbeachteten Bestsellers »Postdemokratie« zeichnet die Ideengeschichte des Neoliberalismus nach und betont, daß der Konflikt Staat vs. Markt zu kurz greift: Es sind die gigantischen transnationalen Konzerne, unter denen die Demokratie »und« das Marktmodell leiden. Doch wir können uns wehren, indem wir uns auf unsere Werte und unsere Macht als Verbraucher besinnen. Das ist Crouchs optimistische Vision einer sozialen und demokratischen Marktwirtschaft.