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Trade Food Security And Human Rights

Author: Ying Chen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317008537
Size: 61.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Most scholars attribute systemic causes of food insecurity to poverty, human overpopulation, lack of farmland, and expansion of biofuel programs. However, as Chen argues here, another significant factor has been overlooked. The current food insecurity is not absolute food shortage, since global food production still exceeds the need of the entire world population, but a problem of how to secure access to resources. Distorted agricultural trade undermines world food distribution, and uneven distribution impedes people’s access to food, particularly in poor developing countries. Examining EU and US agricultural policies and World Trade Organization negotiations in agriculture, the author argues how they affect the international agricultural trade, claiming that current food insecurity is the result of inequitable food distribution and trade practices. The international trade regime is advised to reconcile trade rules with the consideration of food security issues. Several other enforceable solutions to reduce world hunger and malnutrition are also advanced, including national capacity building, the improvement of governance, and strategic development of biofuel programs. This book will be of great interest to agricultural trade professionals and consultant policy makers in the EU, US and developing countries. Students and researchers with a concentration on international trade, agriculture economics, global governance and international law will benefit greatly from this study.

The Global Food Crisis

Author: Jennifer Clapp
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 9781554581986
Size: 38.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The global food crisis is a stark reminder of the fragility of the global food system. The Global Food Crisis: Governance Challenges and Opportunities captures the debate about how to go forward and examines the implications of the crisis for food security in the world’s poorest countries, both for the global environment and for the global rules and institutions that govern food and agriculture. In this volume, policy-makers and scholars assess the causes and consequences of the most recent food price volatility and examine the associated governance challenges and opportunities, including short-term emergency responses, the ecological dimensions of the crisis, and the longer-term goal of building sustainable global food systems. The recommendations include vastly increasing public investment in small-farm agriculture; reforming global food aid and food research institutions; establishing fairer international agricultural trade rules; promoting sustainable agricultural methods; placing agriculture higher on the post-Kyoto climate change agenda; revamping biofuel policies; and enhancing international agricultural policy-making. Co-published with the Centre for International Governance Innovation

Global Agricultural Trade And Developing Countries

Author: M. Ataman Aksoy
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821383490
Size: 18.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries presents research findings based on a series of commodity studies of significant economic importance to developing countries. The book sets the stage with background chapters and investigations of cross-cutting issues. It then describes trade and domestic policy regimes affecting agricultural and food markets, and assesses the resulting patterns of production and trade. The book continues with an analysis of product standards and costs of compliance and their effects on agricultural and food trade. The book also investigates the impact of preferences given to selected countries and their effectiveness, then reviews the evidence on the attempts to decouple agricultural support from agricultural output. The last background chapter explores the robustness of the global gains of multilateral agricultural and food trade liberalization. Given this context, the book presents detailed commodity studies for coffee, cotton, dairy, fruits and vegetables, groundnuts, rice, seafood products, sugar, and wheat. These markets feature distorted policy regimes among industrial or middle-income countries. The studies analyze current policy regimes in key producing and consuming countries, document the magnitude of these distortions and estimate the distributional impacts - winners and losers - of trade and domestic policy reforms. By bringing the key issues and findings together in one place, Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries aids policy makers and researchers, both in their approach to global negotiations and in evaluating their domestic policies on agriculture. The book also complements the recently published Agriculture and the WTO, which focuses primarily on the agricultural issues within the context of the WTO negotiations.

The Evolving Structure Of World Agricultural Trade

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org
ISBN:
Size: 47.42 MB
Format: PDF
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The objective of this book is to highlight and analyse several factors impinging on future agricultural trade developments. These factors include rapidly changing food demand patterns arising from economic growth and associated urbanisation; the level and nature of support and protection provided to agriculture in both developed and developing countries; the increasing prominence of technical regulations and private standards; the increasing levels of concentration in agricultural supply chains; and growing concerns regarding pressures on the scarce natural resources in light of climate change. The book seeks to improve the level of appreciation and understanding of these factors by collecting a series of contribution by academics and practitioners active in the field of agricultural trade and related policy. It sets the contexts for a discussion on trade policy intervention in the context of evolving structures, reviews evidence on trends in a number of the factors that will shape the evolution of global agricultural trade, and discusses how trade rules may need to be adapted to account for these evolving trends and to deal with the challenges.

The Global Food Crisis Governance Challenges And Opportunities

Author: Jennifer Clapp
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ Pr
ISBN:
Size: 15.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7502
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The global food crisis is a stark reminder of the fragility of the global food system. The Global Food Crisis: Governance Challenges and Opportunitiescaptures the debate about how to go forward and examines the implications of the crisis for food security in the world's poorest countries, both for the global environment and for the global rules and institutions that govern food and agriculture.In this volume, policy-makers and scholars assess the causes and consequences of the most recent food price volatility and examine the associated governance challenges and opportunities, including short-term emergency responses, the ecological dimensions of the crisis, and the longer-term goal of building sustainable global food systems. The recommendations include vastly increasing public investment in small-farm agriculture; reforming global food aid and food research institutions; establishing fairer international agricultural trade rules; promoting sustainable agricultural methods; placing agriculture higher on the post-Kyoto climate change agenda; revamping biofuel policies; and enhancing international agricultural policy-making.Co-published with the Centre for International Governance Innovation

Agriculture Development And The Global Trading System 2000 2015

Author: Bouët, Antoine
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896292495
Size: 66.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is devoted to the complex relationship between the global trading system and food security, focusing on two important elements: the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) and how food price volatility can be managed, or not, through trade instruments. The first section of the book is based on the premise that more trade integration can fight poverty and alleviate hunger. The second section examines whether managing price volatility is doable through more or less trade integration. This section deals in particular with policy instruments available for policy makers to cope with price volatility: food stocks, crop insurance, and export restrictions. Analysis concludes that without a strong and efficient World Trade Organization (WTO) capable of conducting ambitious trade negotiations, the food security target will be much more difficult to hit.

World Hunger

Author: Frances Moore Lappé
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781853834936
Size: 16.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The revised edition of this text includes substantial new material on hunger in the aftermath of the Cold War; global food productioin versus population growth; changing demographics and falling birth rates around the world; the shifting focus of foreign assistance in the new world order; structural adjustment and other budget-slashing policies; trade liberalization and free trade agreements; famine and humanitarian interventions; and the thrid worldization of developed nations.

Beyond Relief

Author: Luca Alinovi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.17 MB
Format: PDF
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In many countries, prolonged conflicts result in food emergencies that recur over years or even decades. Initial humanitarian relief efforts are rarely replaced by programs that offer a longer-term perspective on food security. This book provides examples of opportunities to bridge the gap between emergency relief and longer term developmental approaches, which can help us rethink how to support food security in protracted crises.Somalia, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo have all been affected by severe protracted crises. For the first time, evidence and in-depth analysis from these countries sheds light on how to support the livelihoods of local populations. Using concrete examples, "Beyond Relief" demonstrates how food security means different things in different contexts while also advocating a crosscutting learning process for longer-term approaches to protracted crisis.

Shared Harvests

Author: David Cheong
Publisher: International Labour Organisation
ISBN: 9789221268123
Size: 67.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Agriculture employs more than a billion people in developing countries, representing 48 percent of the labor force. Since many agricultural workers are members of poor households, the relationship between trade and jobs in the sector is highly relevant for poverty reduction and broader development strategies. Shared Harvests analyzes agricultural trade and labor markets in developing countries, particularly the creation and destruction of jobs in the agricultural sector. This volume assesses the employment impacts of agricultural trade at the country, regional, national, and global level and discusses national trade policies and regional and multilateral trade agreements. It examines how changes in productivity, food security, ruralurban migration, skills, and domestic regulation affect the relationship between trade and employment in the agricultural sector. The analysis highlights the importance of gradual trade liberalization with social protection and targeted promotion of agricultural productivity to enhance global competitiveness. Contributors include Ir Faridath Aboudou (Laboratoire d'Analyse Régionale et d'Expertise Sociale [LARES] Benin), Epiphane Adjovi (Conception et Analyse des Politiques de Développement [CAPOD], Benin), Taisuke Ito (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development [UNCTAD]), Stephen Karingi (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa [UNECA]), Ethiopia), Luis Linares (Asociación de Investigación y Estudios Sociales [ASIES], Guatemala), Mina Mashayekhi (UNCTAD), Simon Mevel (UNECA), Aleksandra Nikolić (University of Sarajevo), Pedro Prado (ASIES), Selim Raihan (University of Dhaka and South Asian Network on Economic Modeling, Bangladesh), Bio Goura Soulé (LARES), David Vanzetti (National University, Australia), and Raquel Zelaya (ASIES). Copublished with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

Global Governance And Rules For The Post 2015 Era

Author:
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472580710
Size: 28.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Attention is increasingly being paid to the conceptualization of the sustainable development agenda that should guide global development efforts beyond 2015. New trends are shaping the international environment, suggesting that the world emerging from the recent economic and financial crisis will probably be very different from the one we have known so far. The emerging issues demand new concerted responses and new international efforts, which will have to be framed by new rules and more democratic and inclusive mechanisms of global governance. Global Governance and Rules for the Post 2015 Era provides a unique assessment of global rules and governance, a reflection of how global rules have been shaping development experiences and outcomes, an identification of the shortcomings of current global governance mechanisms and innovative suggestions for reforming and improving them. The various chapters analyse whether current rules and governance structures enables the building of effective responses against international problems and promote a fair distribution of development opportunities among countries. This book is a timely contribution to the discussions on a new global development agenda undertaken under the leadership of the United Nations. It reflects the outcome of a research programme by a group of independent development experts brought together by the United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council. It will be of interest to policymakers worldwide, experts of international agencies, scholars, students and the wider public.