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Transfer Pricing And The Arm S Length Principle In International Tax Law

Author: Jens Wittendorff
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041132708
Size: 41.31 MB
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The arm's length principle serves as the domestic and international standard to evaluate transfer prices between members of multinational enterprises for tax purposes. The OECD has adopted the arm's length principle in Article 9 of its Model Income Tax Convention in order to ensure that transfer prices between members of multinational enterprises correspond to those that would have been agreed between independent enterprises under comparable circumstances. The arm's length principle provides the legal framework for governments to have their fair share of taxes, and for enterprises to avoid double taxation on their profits. This timely book contains a comparative analysis of the legal basis for the arm's length principle and the contents of the arm's length rules in US tax law as well as in the OECD Model Tax Convention and Transfer Pricing Guidelines. It includes a thorough review of international case law on transfer pricing from the United States, Canada, Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. The book ends with an analysis of the issues associated with the application of the arm's length principle for multinational enterprises in a global economy.

Fundamentals Of International Transfer Pricing In Law And Economics

Author: Wolfgang Schön
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642259804
Size: 19.89 MB
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The taxation of multinational corporate groups has become a major concern in the academic and political debate on the future of international taxation. In particular the arm’s length standard for the determination of transfer prices is under increasing pressure. Many countries and international bodies are now taking a closer look at the use of transfer prices for profit shifting and are exploring alternative mechanisms such as formulary apportionment for the allocation of taxing rights. With regard to this topic, this volume is the first to offer a concise analysis of transfer pricing in the international tax arena from an interdisciplinary legal and economic point of view. Fundamentals such as the efficient allocation of resources within multi-unit firms and distortions between different goals of transfer pricing as well as different aspects of it in tax and corporate law, the traditional OECD approach and practical aspects concerning intangibles, capital and risk allocation are covered by outstanding authors.

International Taxation Of Permanent Establishments

Author: Michael Kobetsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500228
Size: 70.33 MB
Format: PDF
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The effects of the growth of multinational enterprises and globalization in the past fifty years have been profound, and many multinational enterprises, such as international banks, now operate around the world through branches known as permanent establishments. The business profits article (Article 7) of the OECD model tax treaty attributes a multinational enterprise's business profits to a permanent establishment in a host country for tax purposes. Michael Kobetsky analyses the principles for allocating the profits of multinational enterprises to permanent establishments under this article, explains the shortcomings of the current arm's length principle for attributing business profits to permanent establishments and considers the alternative method of formulary apportionment for allocating business profits.

Contemporary Application Of The Arm S Length Principle In Transfer Pricing

Author: Marta Pankiv
ISBN: 9789087224134
Size: 52.49 MB
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This book outlines how the application of the arm?s length principle should be reconsidered in light of the initiative of the OECD and G20 to counter tax base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS). The arm?s length principle embedded in article 9 of the OECD Model is not an anti-avoidance rule and has been misidentified as the primary tool for tackling abusive practices. Transfer pricing analysis, commonly understood as examining economic substance, in reality examines whether related parties have the functional and financial capacity to perform the contracts they have entered into.

Transfer Pricing And The Arm S Length Principle After Beps

Author: Richard S. Collier
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198802914
Size: 43.58 MB
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This is the first book to present a sustained analysis and critique of arm's length based transfer pricing rules following the G20 / OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project. The book considers the nature and scope of transfer pricing rules based on the arm's length principle starting with an explanation of how the rules were created and and how they evolved over time. It provides how internationally accepted transfer pricing rules were applied immediately prior to the BEPS project, and describes the principal problems that had arisen with those rules. The issues highlighted include problems relating to the complexity of the rules, the use and availability of comparables, and, in particular, problems permitting avoidance and income shifting, including problems related to low tax entities with 'excessive capital'. Having described the pre-BEPS rules and inherent problems, the book goes on to examine the extent to which the work undertaken by the BEPs project provides a solid foundation for future transfer pricing determinations and the problems that remain after BEPS. It identifies those issues on which the BEPS output has been positive, and also those issues which BEPS has not successfully addressed and which remain problematic. This book is the most detailed and up-to-date publication on this highly topical and often controversial topic.

The Transfer Pricing Of Intangibles

Author: Michelle Markham
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041123687
Size: 34.51 MB
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Transactions involving intellectual property play an increasingly significant role in economic activity at every level from global to local, with particular challenges for taxation and revenue authorities. Moreover, the manifold complexities associated with identifying, valuing and transferring intangibles make this an issue requiring a creative review of existing transfer pricing methodologies and techniques. In this ground-breaking new study, Michelle Markham offers an in-depth examination of attitudes at the forefront of this rapidly evolving area of taxation law, focusing her work on a comparative analysis of the US, OECD, and Australian perspectives on the transfer pricing of intangible assets. The Transfer Pricing of Intangibles not only highlights the current problems encountered in inter-affiliate transactions of intangible property, but also attempts to offer a variety of solutions to these problems. Among the issues explored are the following: how the tax treatment of intangible in the context of transfer pricing has become a major international tax concern; definitional issues which are vital to an understanding of transfer pricing; application of the arm's length principle to intangible asset transactions; determination of legal and economic ownership of group intangible assets; intangible asset valuation and transfer; transfer pricing methodologies; global formulary apportionment; transfer pricing documentation requirements; penalties for non-compliance; resolution of transfer pricing disputes; and, advance pricing agreements Revenue authorities, multinational enterprise executives, and tax practitioners around the world will greatly appreciate the recommendations and solutions proposed in this knowledgeable and thoughtful book. Its acute sense of the opportunities and pitfalls of an ever-more-complex area of economic activity place it in a category of its own, of inestimable benefit to interested parties.

International Applications Of U S Income Tax Law

Author: Ernest R. Larkins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471482811
Size: 16.98 MB
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A clear, concise explanation of United States tax law’s international aspects In tackling a sometimes thorny set of laws and treaties, international tax expert Ernest Larkins emphasizes their economic effects, showing how to avoid hazards while reaping rewards which often go ignored. Coverage includes: Special issues arising when a foreign person invests in U.S. real estate, as well as the best structures for holding such real estate What a controlled foreign corporation is and what consequences result from this status Acceptable transfer pricing methods and what penalties apply when taxpayers do not follow arm’s-length principles International Applications of U.S. Income Tax Law also contains many useful tools which allow readers to build understanding through practice, as well as formulate and solve the complex problems international taxes can present. Order your copy today!

Taxing Multinationals

Author: Lorraine Eden
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802007766
Size: 69.35 MB
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Eden examines how transfer pricing has been handled in different disciplines, including international business, economics, accounting, law and public policy.

Resolving Transfer Pricing Disputes

Author: Eduardo Baistrocchi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139916289
Size: 40.15 MB
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Via a global analysis of more than 180 transfer pricing cases from 20 representative jurisdictions, Resolving Transfer Pricing Disputes explains how the law on transfer pricing operates in practice and examines how disputes between taxpayers and tax administrations are dealt with around the world. It has been designed to be an essential complement to the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administrations, which focus on transfer pricing issues but do not refer to specific transfer pricing disputes. All of the transfer pricing cases discussed in the book are linked to the relevant paragraphs of the OECD Guidelines by means of a 'Golden Bridge', namely a table listing the cases according to the paragraphs of the Guidelines to which they refer. It therefore provides examples of the application of the Arm's Length Principle in many settings on all continents.

The International Taxation System

Author: Andrew Lymer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402071577
Size: 54.52 MB
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International taxation is a vital issue for a growing number of business and individuals across the world. The need to understand how the international system of taxation works is therefore a subject of importance to many people. The International Taxation System provides this understanding by bringing together experts from the most important fields in the subject who have each authored chapters especially for this book. They each provide brief, structured and easy to understand explanations of the key concepts edited together into one volume to provide a unique, very readable, guide to the field. While this text is aimed at masters or advanced undergraduate level students, it will also be of interest to those requiring a professional understanding of the topic. Each chapter introduces a different aspect of the international taxation system, explains the important issues to be understood in each case and provides suggestions for discussion and further reading.