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Transferability Of Fracture Mechanical Characteristics

Author: Ivo Dlouhý
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401006083
Size: 50.70 MB
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Five laboratories from France, Hungary and the Czech Republic have solved a Project supported fmancially by NATO within the Science for Peace Program (under Nr. 972655) for three years. The project, titled Fracture ResistanceofSteelsfor Containers of Spent Nuclear Fuel, was focused (i) on the generation of data needed for the qualification procedure of a new container introduced by Skoda Nuclear Machinery and (ii) on a number of topics of scientific nature associated with the interesting field of transferability of fracture mechanical data-, It has been found during numerous conference presentations of project results that the knowledge developed within the project would be more attractive when published in a more comprehensive form. This was the reason why the final project workshop was arranged as a meeting of project collaborators and contributing invited experts working in very similar field. The main scope of the final project workshop, titled Transferability of Fracture Mechanical Data and held in Brno from 5 to 6 November 200I, was to bring together project collaborators with a number of invited international experts, both covering the spectrum of topics solved within the project and reviewing the project results in the presence ofthese specialists. A totalof34 colleagues from 7 European countries and the USA participated in the workshop.

Applied Mechanics Behavior Of Materials And Engineering Systems

Author: Taoufik Boukharouba
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319414682
Size: 34.72 MB
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This book covers a variety of topics in mechanics, with a special emphasis on material mechanics. It reports on fracture mechanics, fatigue of materials, stress-strain behaviours, as well as transferability problems and constraint effects in fracture mechanics. It covers different kind of materials, from metallic materials such as ferritic and austenitic steels, to composites, concrete, polymers and nanomaterials. Additional topics include heat transfer, quality control and reliability of structures and components. Furthermore, the book gives particular attention to new welding technologies such as STIR welding and spray metal coating, and to novel methods for quality control, such as Taguchi design, fault diagnosis and wavelet analysis. Based on the 2015 edition of the Algerian Congress of Mechanics (Congrès Algérien de Mécanique, CAM), the book also covers energetics, in terms of simulation of turbulent reactive flow, behaviour of supersonic jet, turbulent combustion, fire induced smoke layer, and heat and mass transfer, as well as important concepts related to human reliability and safety of components and structures. All in all, the book represents a complete, practice-oriented reference guide for both academic and professionals in the field of mechanics.

Statistical Field Theories

Author: Andrea Cappelli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007606
Size: 70.64 MB
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Recent developments in theoretical physics include new instances of the unification of quite different phenomena. The theoretical community is challenged by the growing interactions between high-energy physics, statistical physics, and condensed matter physics. The common language, though, is exact solutions of two-dimensional and conformable field theories. This volume is a faithful representation of this interdisciplinary domain. Conformable and integrable field theories have been active research topics for several decades. The main recent developments concern the boundary effects and applications to disordered systems. The number of applications of the exact methods to condensed-matter problems has been growing over the years. Nowadays it is widely recognized that strongly interacting systems in low dimensions can be successfully described by integrable and conformable theories. This volume is an indispensable aid to those seeking to find their way in this domain.

Invariant Probabilities Of Markov Feller Operators And Their Supports

Author: Radu Zaharopol
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764371340
Size: 47.43 MB
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In this book invariant probabilities for a large class of discrete-time homogeneous Markov processes known as Feller processes are discussed. These Feller processes appear in the study of iterated function systems with probabilities, convolution operators, certain time series, etc. Rather than dealing with the processes, the transition probabilities and the operators associated with these processes are studied. Main features: - an ergodic decomposition which is a "reference system" for dealing with ergodic measures - "formulas" for the supports of invariant probability measures, some of which can be used to obtain algorithms for the graphical display of these supports - helps to gain a better understanding of the structure of Markov-Feller operators, and, implicitly, of the discrete-time homogeneous Feller processes - special efforts to attract newcomers to the theory of Markov processes in general, and to the topics covered in particular - most of the results are new and deal with topics of intense research interest.

Notch Effects In Fatigue And Fracture

Author: G. Pluvinage
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401008809
Size: 37.60 MB
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As Directors of this NATO Workshop, we welcome this opportunity to record formally our thanks to the NATO Scientific Affairs Division for making our meeting possible through generous financial support and encouragement. This meeting has two purposes: the first obvious one because we have collected scientists from East, far East and west to discuss new development in the field of fracture mechanics: the notch fracture mechanics. The second is less obvious but perhaps in longer term more important that is the building of bridges between scientists in the frame of a network called Without Walls Institute on Notch Effects in Fatigue and Fracture". Physical perception of notch effects is not so easy to understand as the presence of a geometrical discontinuity as a worst effect than the simple reduction of cross section. Notch effects in fatigue and fracture is characterised by the following fundamental fact: it is not the maximum local stress or stress which governs the phenomena of fatigue and fracture. The physic shows that a process volume is needed probably to store the necessary energy for starting and propagating the phenomenon. This is a rupture of the traditional "strength of material" school which always give the prior importance of the local maximum stress. This concept of process volume was strongly affirmed during this workshop.

Thermal Shock And Thermal Fatigue Behavior Of Advanced Ceramics

Author: Gerold A. Schneider
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401582009
Size: 13.67 MB
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Recent developments in advanced ceramics are critically evaluated in respect to their thermal shock and thermal fatigue behavior from an interdisciplinary viewpoint by leading experts. The book covers the aspects of material development, mechanical and fracture mechanical models and experimental testing methods. Special emphasis is given to the influence of a rising crack resistance on the thermal shock behavior, novel irradiation testing methods for a quantitative characterization of the thermal shock and fatigue loading as well as detailed fracture mechanical models for single and multiple crack propagation. This book summarizes developments of the last decade concerning the thermal shock and thermal fatigue behavior of advanced ceramics. The scientific articles of the book were carefully arranged in order to achieve a textbook-like form which will be of great value to researchers and students. (ABSTRACT) This book summarizes developments of the last decade concerning the thermal shock and thermal fatigue behavior of advanced ceramics. The book covers the aspects of material development, mechanical and fracture mechanical models and testing methods. The scientific articles were carefully arranged in order to achieve a textbook-like form which will be of great value to researchers and students.

Convective Heat And Mass Transfer In Porous Media

Author: Sadik Kakaç
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401132208
Size: 67.43 MB
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The rapid growth of literature on convective heat and mass transfer through porous media has brought both engineering and fundamental knowledge to a new state of completeness and depth. Additionally, several new questions of fundamental merit have arisen in several areas which bear direct relation to further advancement of basic knowledge and applications in this field. For example, the growth of fundamental heat transfer data and correlations for engineering use for saturated media has now reached the point where the relations for heat transfer coefficients and flow parameters are known well enough for design purposes. Multiple flow field regimes in natural convection have been identified in several important enclosure geometries. New questions have arisen on the nature of equations being used in theoretical studies, i. e. , the Validity of Darcy assumption is being brought into question; Wall effects in high and low velocity flow fields have been found to play a role in predicting transport coefficients; The formulation of transport problems in fractured media are being investigated as both an extension of those in a homogeneous medium and for application in engineering systems in geologic media and problems on saturated media are being addressed to determine their proper formulation and solution. The long standing problem of how to adequately formulate and solve problems of multi-phase heat and mass transfer in heterogeneous media is important in the technologies of chemical reactor engineering and enhanced oil recovery.