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Transformation Products Of Emerging Contaminants In The Environment

Author: Dimitra A. Lambropoulou
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118339576
Size: 47.51 MB
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Over the last 15 years, the focus of chemical pollution has shifted from conventional pollutants to so-called “emerging” or “new” unregulated contaminants. These include pharmaceuticals and personal care products, hormones, UV filters, perfluorinated compounds, poylybrominated flame retardants (BFRs), pesticides, plasticizers, artificial sweeteners, illicit drugs, and endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs). Despite the increasing number of published studies covering emerging contaminants, we know almost nothing about the effects of their transformation products and/or metabolites. This two-volume set provides a unique collection of research on transformation products, their occurrence, fate and risks in the environment. It contains 32 chapters, organised into 7 parts, each with a distinct focus: • General Considerations • Transformation Processes and Treatment Strategies • Analytical Strategies • Occurrence, Fate and Effects in the Environment • Global Speciality and Environmental Status • Risk Assessment, Management and Regulatory Framework • Outlook Transformation Products of Emerging Contaminants in the Environment is a valuable resource for researchers and industry professionals in environmental chemistry, analytical chemistry, ecotoxicology, environmental sciences, and hydrology, as well as environmental consultants and regulatory bodies.

Analysis Removal Effects And Risk Of Pharmaceuticals In The Water Cycle

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080549705
Size: 79.36 MB
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Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called "emerging" contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are constantly being introduced into the environment, mainly as a result of the manufacturing process. Over time, this level of chemical input may lead to long-term concentrations and promote continual, but unnoticed adverse effects on aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle discusses state-of-the-art analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples while reviewing the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle (elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment). Focus is given to the newest developments in the treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes. * Well-structured overview of latest developments in trace determination * Concise and critical compilation of literature published over the past few years * Focuses on new treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes.

Chromatographic Analysis Of The Environment

Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315316196
Size: 78.85 MB
Format: PDF
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This detailed handbook covers different chromatographic analysis techniques and chromatographic data for compounds found in air, water, and soil, and sludge. The new edition outlines developments relevant to environmental analysis, especially when using chromatographic mass spectrometric techniques. It addresses new issues, new lines of discussion, and new findings, and develops in greater detail the aspects related to chromatographic analysis in the environment. It also includes different analytical methodologies, addresses instrumental aspects, and outlines conclusions and perspectives for the future.

Advances In The Use Of Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Lc Ms Instrumentation Developments And Applications

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444639152
Size: 51.50 MB
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Advances in the Use of Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS): Instrumentation Developments and Application, Volume 79, highlights the most recent LC-MS evolutions through a series of contributions by world renowned scientists that will lead the readers through the most recent innovations in the field and their possible applications. Many authoritative books on LC-MS are already present in market, describing in detail the different interfaces and their principles of operation. This book focuses more on new trends, starting with the innovations of each technique, to the most progressive challenges of LC-MS. Presents an understanding of the new advancements in LC and MS which are essential for a step forward in LC-MS applications Provides insight into the state-of-the-art in the currently available LC-MS interfaces and their principle of use Expounds on the new frontiers in LC-MS and their application potential

Applications Of Time Of Flight And Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry In Environmental Food Doping And Forensic Analysis

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444635734
Size: 31.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Applications of Time-of-Flight and Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry in Environmental, Food, Doping, and Forensic Analysis deals with the use of high-resolution mass spectrometry (MS) in the analysis of small organic molecules. Over the past few years, time-of-flight (ToF) and Orbitrap MS have both experienced tremendous growth in a great number of analytical sectors and are now well established in many laboratories where high requirements are placed on analytical performance. This book gives a head-to-head comparison of these two technologies that compete directly with each other. As users with hands-on experience in both techniques, the authors provide a balanced description of the strengths and weaknesses of both techniques. In the vast majority of cases, ToF-MS and Orbitrap-MS have been used for qualitative purposes, mainly identification of discrete molecular entities such as drug metabolites or transformation products of environmental contaminants. This paradigm is now changing as quantitative capabilities are increasingly being explored, as are non-target approaches for unbiased broad-scope screening. In view of the continuous innovation of high-resolution MS instrument manufacturers in designing and developing more powerful machines, technological advances in both hardware and software are considerable, with many novel applications. This book summarizes and analyzes these trends. The compilation of selected examples from diverse analytical fields will allow the readers to discover not only the potential of high-resolution MS in their sector, but also shows advances in other fields that rely on hi-res MS. Provides comprehensive coverage of applications of time-of-flight and orbitrap mass spectrometry in environmental, food, doping, and forensic analysis Explores a variety of specialized techniques, giving a balanced description of the strengths and weaknesses of each Presents a general overview of imaging techniques within analysis

Mass Spectrometry For The Analysis Of Pesticide Residues And Their Metabolites

Author: Despina Tsipi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111906998X
Size: 13.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Provides an overview of the use of mass spectrometry (MS) for the analysis of pesticide residues and their metabolites. Presents state of the-art MS techniques for the identification of pesticides and their transformation products in food and environment Covers important advances in MS techniques including MS instrumentation and chromatographic separations (e.g. UPLC, HILIC, comprehensive GCxGC) and applications Illustrates the main sample preparation techniques (SPE, QuEChERS, microextraction) used in combination with MS for the analysis of pesticides Describes various established and new ionization techniques as well as the main MS platforms, software tools and mass spectral libraries

Analysis Removal Effects And Risk Of Pharmaceuticals In The Water Cycle

Author: Mira Petrovic
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN: 9780444626578
Size: 73.91 MB
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Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies

Handbook Of Environmental Engineering

Author: Rao Surampalli
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 125986023X
Size: 62.81 MB
Format: PDF
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A complete guide to environmental remediation technologies, techniques, and regulations This practical resource offers comprehensive coverage of the latest environmental codes alongside step-by-step remediation procedures. The book features information on all segments of the market, including water, air quality, and hazardous wastes, and enables you to ensure compliance with federal regulations. Handbook of Environmental Engineering fully explains engineering methods and technologies and directly connects them to applicable standards. You will get details on environmental tools such as sensors and monitoring, toxicity controls and treatments, and waste disposal. Measurement data, environmental impact assessments, and real-world examples demonstrate how to apply each technique in the field.

Personal Care Products In The Aquatic Environment

Author: M. Silvia Díaz‐Cruz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319188097
Size: 64.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume offers an overview of the occurrence and distribution of personal care products in continental and marine waters, presents analytical methods and degradation technologies and discusses their impact on human health. Experts from different disciplines highlight major issues for each family of compounds related to their occurrence in the water column as well as in solid and biota samples, methodological strategies for their analysis, non-conventional degradation technologies, (eco)toxicity data and their human and environmental risk assessment. The book also includes a general introduction to personal care products, covering their properties, use, behaviour and regulatory framework, and a final chapter identifying knowledge gaps and future research trends. It will appeal to experts from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental engineering.

Emerging Pollutants

Author: Francisco G. Calvo-Flores
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527338764
Size: 44.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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An excellent, concise, and interdisciplinary overview of different classes of emerging pollutants arising, for example, from pharmaceuticals, pesticides, personal care products, and industrial chemicals and their impact on water, soil, and air. Following an introduction to chemical pollutants, with special attention focused on organic compounds and their properties, the book goes on to describe major emerging pollutants grouped according to their applications in different sectors of industrial or economic activity. For each type of compound, the chemical structure, main properties, and source are presented, along with their fate in the environment as pollutants, the latest analytical methods for detection, possible health or ecology consequences, as well as current regulatory laws. New developments, such as nanotechnology as a pollution source, are also included. The book closes with a chapter devoted to conclusions and future perspectives.