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Transient Heat Transfer

Author: Donatello Annaratone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642197772
Size: 17.84 MB
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This book presents a new and direct computational method for transient heat transfer. The approach uses the well-known dimensionless Biot number and a second dimensionless number introduced by the author. The methodology allows for a transient heat transfer calculations without using finite difference programs. The book presents many examples and various tables demonstrating the potential of this new methodology. Many diagrams illustrate the physical phenomena.

Modeling Approaches To Natural Convection In Porous Media

Author: Yan Su
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319142372
Size: 18.59 MB
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This book provides an overview of the field of flow and heat transfer in porous medium and focuses on presentation of a generalized approach to predict drag and convective heat transfer within porous medium of arbitrary microscopic geometry, including reticulated foams and packed beds. Practical numerical methods to solve natural convection problems in porous media will be presented with illustrative applications for filtrations, thermal storage and solar receivers.

Imaging Heat And Mass Transfer Processes

Author: Pradipta K. Panigrahi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461447917
Size: 38.65 MB
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Imaging Heat and Mass Transfer Processes: Visualization and Analysis applies Schlieren and shadowgraph techniques to complex heat and mass transfer processes. Several applications are considered where thermal and concentration fields play a central role. These include vortex shedding and suppression from stationary and oscillating bluff bodies such as cylinders, convection around crystals growing from solution, and buoyant jets. Many of these processes are unsteady and three dimensional. The interpretation and analysis of images recorded are discussed in the text.

Non Equilibrium Phenomena Near Vapor Liquid Interfaces

Author: Alexei Kryukov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319000837
Size: 56.18 MB
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This book presents information on the development of a non-equilibrium approach to the study of heat and mass transfer problems using vapor-liquid interfaces, and demonstrates its application to a broad range of problems. In the process, the following peculiarities become apparent: 1. At vapor condensation on the interface from gas-vapor mixture, non-condensable components can lock up the interface surface and condensation stops completely. 2. At the evolution of vapor film on the heater in superfluid helium (He-II), the boiling mass flux density from the vapor-liquid interface is effectively zero at the macroscopic scale. 3. In problems concerning the motion of He-II bridges inside capillaries filled by vapor, in the presence of axial heat flux the He-II bridge cannot move from the heater as would a traditional liquid, but in the opposite direction instead. Thus the heater attracts the superfluid helium bridge. 4. The shape of liquid-vapor interface at film boiling on the axis-symmetric heaters immersed in liquid greatly depends on heat flux in the interface. Thus a new type of hydrostatic problems appears when in contrast to traditional statements the shape of the liquid-vapor interface has a complex profile with a point of inflection and a smooth exit on a free liquid surface.

Heat And Mass Transfer In Particulate Suspensions

Author: Efstathios E (Stathis) Michaelides
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461458544
Size: 51.39 MB
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Heat and Mass Transfer in Particulate Suspensions is a critical review of the subject of heat and mass transfer related to particulate Suspensions, which include both fluid-particles and fluid-droplet Suspensions. Fundamentals, recent advances and industrial applications are examined. The subject of particulate heat and mass transfer is currently driven by two significant applications: energy transformations –primarily combustion – and heat transfer equipment. The first includes particle and droplet combustion processes in engineering Suspensions as diverse as the Fluidized Bed Reactors (FBR’s) and Internal Combustion Engines (ICE’s). On the heat transfer side, cooling with nanofluids, which include nanoparticles, has attracted a great deal of attention in the last decade both from the fundamental and the applied side and has produced several scientific publications. A monograph that combines the fundamentals of heat transfer with particulates as well as the modern applications of the subject would be welcomed by both academia and industry.

Conventional Three Phase Fixed Bed Technologies

Author: Leonid B. Datsevich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461448360
Size: 70.37 MB
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This book analyzes conventional fixed-bed reactors such as trickle-bed, bubble (packed) column, and multitubular reactors with regard to process efficiency, design and safety. It is shown that these reactors do not possess any substantial potential for improving industrial processes. Modern concepts in mass transfer, kinetics and process design are applied to process development. In light of the given analysis, new approaches to the development of technologies based on innovative principles are elucidated. For the first time, first-hand knowledge about Two-Zone Model, Oscillation Theory, map of the energy dissipation is presented in full.

W Rme Bertragung

Author: Peter Böckh
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662554801
Size: 53.31 MB
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Dieses Buch vermittelt wie kein anderes die Grundlagen der Wärmeübertragung. Es versetzt den Leser in die Lage, Wärmeübertrager auszulegen sowie Wärmeübertragungsaufgaben aller Art zu analysieren und praktische Lösungen dafür zu finden. Auf ausgedehnte theoretische Herleitungen wird verzichtet, stattdessen werden die wesentlichen Zusammenhänge anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus dem Ingenieuralltag verdeutlicht. Nach der Einführung in die grundlegenden Begriffe wird der Leser Schritt für Schritt mit den wichtigsten Wärmeübertragungsformen vertraut gemacht. Behandelt werden stationäre und instationäre Wärmeleitung, freie und erzwungene Konvektion, berippte Oberflächen, Kondensation und Verdampfung, Wärmestrahlung sowie die Berechnung von Wärmeübertragern. Ein deutsch-englisches Glossar ergänzt den Stoff. Für die 7. Auflage wurden die Kapitel 3 und 8 überarbeitet und mit neuen Beispielen ergänzt. Anpassungen und Korrekturen aufgrund von Hinweisen der Nutzer des Buches ergänzen die Überarbeitung. Die Zielgruppen Ein Buch für Studierende an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen sowie für Ingenieure in der Praxis. Das Buch eignet sich auch als Begleitbuch zum VDI-Wärmeatlas.

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied To Building Physics

Author: João M.P.Q. Delgado
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642350038
Size: 56.93 MB
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This book presents a critical review on the development and application of hygrothermal analysis methods to simulate the coupled transport processes of Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) transfer for one or multidimensional cases. During the past few decades there has been relevant development in this field of study and an increase in the professional use of tools that simulate some of the physical phenomena that are involved in Heat, Air and Moisture conditions in building components or elements. Although there is a significant amount of hygrothermal models referred in the literature, the vast majority of them are not easily available to the public outside the institutions where they were developed, which restricts the analysis of this book to only 14 hygrothermal modelling tools. The special features of this book are (a) a state-of-the-art of numerical simulation tools applied to building physics, (b) the boundary conditions importance, (c) the material properties, namely, experimental methods for the measurement of relevant transport properties, and (d) the numerical investigation and application The main benefit of the book is that it discusses all the topics related to numerical simulation tools in building components (including state-of-the-art and applications) and presents some of the most important theoretical and numerical developments in building physics, providing a self-contained major reference that is appealing to both the scientists and the engineers. At the same time, this book will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, etc... The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Short Pulse Laser Systems For Biomedical Applications

Author: Kunal Mitra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319542532
Size: 44.40 MB
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This book presents practical information on the clinical applications of short pulse laser systems and the techniques for optimizing these applications in a manner that will be relevant to a broad audience, including engineering and medical students as well as researchers, clinicians, and technicians. Short pulse laser systems are useful for both subsurface tissue imaging and laser induced thermal therapy (LITT), which hold great promise in cancer diagnostics and treatment. Such laser systems may be used alone or in combination with optically active nanoparticles specifically administered to the tissues of interest for enhanced contrast in imaging and precise heating during LITT. Mathematical and computational models of short pulse laser-tissue interactions that consider the transient radiative transport equation coupled with a bio-heat equation considering the initial transients of laser heating were developed to analyze the laser-tissue interaction during imaging and therapy. Experiments were first performed to characterize the tissue optical properties needed to optimize the dose for thermal therapy. Experiments were then performed on animal models to characterize the heat affected zone for LITT. The experimental measurements were also validated using the computational models.

Advances In Carbon Dioxide Compression And Pipeline Transportation Processes

Author: Andrzej Witkowski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319184040
Size: 61.79 MB
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Providing a comprehensive analysis of CO2 compression, transportation processes and safety issues for post combustion CO2 capture applications for a 900 MW pulverized hard coal-fired power plant, this book assesses techniques for boosting the pressure of CO2 to pipeline pressure values with a minimal amount of energy. Four different types of compressors are examined in detail: a conventional multistage centrifugal compressor, integrally geared centrifugal compressor, supersonic shock wave compressor, and pump machines. The study demonstrates that the total compression power is closely related to the thermodynamic process and is not determined by compressor efficiency alone. Another problem addressed is that of CO2 pipeline transport from the compressor outlet site to a disposal site under heat transfer conditions. The book also features an analysis of simulations and models that are used to determine the maximum safe pipeline distance to subsequent booster stations as a function of inlet pressure, ambient temperature, thickness of the thermal insulation and ground-level heat flux conditions. This book focuses on compression as well as transportation processes with particular emphasis on the safety risks related to the transport of CO2. The most important problem in terms of environmental protection is ensuring precise and reliable hazard identification. As hazards can only be managed effectively if they are properly identified, problems involving the discharge and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 are also discussed.