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Translational Biology In Medicine

Author: M. Montano
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1908818654
Size: 67.98 MB
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The recent emphasis in biomedical research on translational biology and personalized medicine is revolutionizing conceptual and experimental approaches to understanding and improving human health. Translational Biology in Medicine begins with an introduction to experimental model systems for disease, such as cell lines, primary cells, stem cells and animal models for disease, followed by a systematic description of genetic and genomic profiling and biomarker validation currently used in biomedical research. Examples of translation studies that have used these models and methods are presented, including studies in aging, tissue repair and chronic infection, each with an emphasis on how personalized medicine is transforming biomedicine. Bioethical considerations in translational study design and bioethical considerations in biomedical research are then covered, before concluding remarks, and a look towards the future of personalized medicine. Describes cellular and animal model systems used in translational research Discusses the use of blood, genetic and genomic biomarkers for disease Presents translational studies in aging, tissue repair and infectious disease biomedicine

Bioresorbable Polymers For Biomedical Applications

Author: Giuseppe Perale
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081002661
Size: 59.58 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Clinical Research In Asia

Author: U Sahoo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1908818131
Size: 63.31 MB
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Asia is increasingly taking on a leading role in the fields of Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and ethics, two areas that are central to clinical research practices worldwide. Clinical research in Asia examines the evolution of these key sectors in the Asian countries where the greatest developments are taking place, offering valuable perspectives on a wide range of issues affecting clinical research. Following an introduction that provides an overview of the topic and its strengths and weaknesses, each chapter of the book is devoted to clinical research in a specific country, focusing on issues including the history and evolution of clinical research, clinical trials and regulatory aspects. The chapters also offer a perspective on future trends in clinical research in each country. The book concludes with a discussion of the importance of political, economic, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental factors (PESTLE analysis). Analysis from a leading and highly respected professional in the sector An overview of country-specific regulatory environments Discussion of challenges and solutions for clinical research

Biocompatibility And Performance Of Medical Devices

Author: Jean-Pierre Boutrand
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096451
Size: 73.71 MB
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Implant and device manufacturers are increasingly facing the challenge of proving that their products are safe and biocompatible, and that they will perform as expected. Biocompatibility and performance of medical devices provides an essential guide to the performance analysis of these vital devices. Part one introduces the key concepts and challenges faced in relation to biocompatibility in medical devices, with consideration of biological safety evaluation planning and biomechanical and biochemical compatibility in innovative biomaterials. Part two goes on to discuss the evaluation and characterisation of biocompatibility in medical devices. Topics covered include material and chemical characterisation, allowable limits for toxic leachables, in vivo and in vitro testing and blood compatibility assessment. Testing and interpreting medical device performance is the focus of part three, with chapters describing preclinical performance studies for bone, dental and soft tissue implants, and mechanical testing of soft and hard tissue implants. Part four provides information on the regulation of medical devices in the European Union, Japan and China, and the book concludes with part five, a review of histopathology principles for biocompatibility and performance studies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biocompatibility and performance of medical devices is a vital tool for all those involved in the research, design, production and application of medical devices, including research directors, production companies and medical regulatory agencies, as well as industry professionals and academics. Examines the key concepts and challenges faced in relation to biocompatibility in medical devices Discusses evaluation and characterisation issues, including material and chemical characterization, allowable limits for toxic leachables, in vivo and in vitro testing, and blood compatibility assessment Delivers a comprehensive overview of testing and interpreting medical device performance

Frontiers In Biophotonics For Translational Medicine

Author: Malini Olivo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812876278
Size: 28.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The present book provides recent developments in various in vivo imaging and sensing techniques such as photo acoustics (PA) imaging and microscopy, ultrasound-PA combined modalities, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and micro OCT, Raman and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLI) techniques and nanoparticle enabled endoscopy etc. There is also a contributing chapter from leading medical instrumentation company on their view of optical imaging techniques in clinical laparoscopic surgery. The UN proclaimed 2015 as the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies, emphasizing achievements in the optical sciences and their importance to human beings. In this context, this book focusses on the recent advances in biophotonics techniques primarily focused towards translational medicine contributed by thought leaders who have made cutting edge developments in various photonics techniques.

Ocular Transporters And Receptors

Author: Ashim K Mitra
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 190881831X
Size: 41.19 MB
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Ocular transporters and receptors contains detailed descriptions of major transporters and receptors expressed in the eye, with special emphasis on their role in drug delivery. The complex anatomy and the existence of multiple barriers in the eye pose a considerable challenge to successful drug delivery to the eye. Hence ocular transporters and receptors are important targets for drug delivery. A significant advancement has been made in the field of ocular transport research and their role in drug delivery. In this book the cutting edge research being carried out in this field is compiled and summarized. The book focuses on key areas, including the anatomy and physiology of the eye, biology of ocular transporters and receptors, techniques in characterization of transporters and receptors, transporters and receptors in the anterior and posterior segment in the eye, the role of ocular transporters and receptors in drug delivery, and transporter-metabolism interplay in the eye. Highly focused on ocular transporters Most up-to-date research compilation Detailed description of role of transporters and receptors in ocular drug discovery and delivery

Allergens And Respiratory Pollutants

Author: Marc A. Williams
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1908818069
Size: 76.94 MB
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Allergens and respiratory pollutants is a collection of 12 authoritative papers that draws upon the collective expertise of world leaders in the fields of innate immunity, immunotoxicology and pulmonary biology. The book critically explores the biological and immunological mechanisms that contribute to immune dysfunction on exposure to allergens and the susceptibility to infectious disease on exposure to ambient pollutants. The clinical relevance of exposure to ambient airborne xenobiotics is critically discussed and collectively, this book provides an educational forum that links the health effects of environmental exposures, immune dysfunction and inflammatory airways disease. Discusses recent advances in our understanding of cell-mediated innate immune mechanisms that occur during allergic inflammation and provides important timely coverage of diseases of concern and how such diseases are influenced by a dysfunctional immune system Provides useful information on linking environmental 'danger signals' that provoke immune dysfunction and exacerbation of existing disease Draws upon the collective expertise of an international college of leaders in the field, but also provides chapters that provide essential reference material

Transporters In Drug Discovery And Development

Author: Yurong Lai
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 190881828X
Size: 11.32 MB
Format: PDF
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Written by a leading researcher in the field, Transporters in Drug Discovery and Development provides a comprehensive and practical guide to drug transporter families that are the most important for drug discovery and development. It covers: an overview of transporter families and organ distribution; clinical relevant drug-drug interaction; clinical relevant polymorphism; drug transporter related pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamics and toxicity; in vitro/in vivo probes of drug transport studies; the practical methodologies of industrial transporter screening and translational aspect in drug discovery and developments. A comprehensive overview of drug transporter families and their clinical relevance in drug discovery and development Balanced coverage of molecular biology aspects and functional outcomes State of art knowledge related to transporter-mediated DDI and the clinical relevance in pharmacokinetics, dynamics, and toxicity

Regenerative Engineering Of Musculoskeletal Tissues And Interfaces

Author: Syam Nukavarapu
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423141
Size: 47.75 MB
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Repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues is generating substantial interest within the biomedical community. Consequently, these are the most researched tissues from the regeneration point of view. Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces presents information on the fundamentals, progress and recent developments related to the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues and interfaces. This comprehensive review looks at individual tissues as well as tissue interfaces. Early chapters cover various fundamentals of biomaterials and scaffolds, types of cells, growth factors, and mechanical forces, moving on to discuss tissue-engineering strategies for bone, tendon, ligament, cartilage, meniscus, and muscle, as well as progress and advances in tissue vascularization and nerve innervation of the individual tissues. Final chapters present information on musculoskeletal tissue interfaces. Comprehensive review of the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal individual tissues and tissue interfaces Presents recent developments, fundamentals and progress in the field of engineering tissues Reviews progress and advances in tissue vascularization and innervation

Clinical Guide To Principles Of Fiber Reinforced Composites In Dentistry

Author: Pekka Vallittu
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 008100608X
Size: 54.40 MB
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Traditional dental materials such as metals and ceramics have a number of disadvantages such as cost and the significant damage caused in grinding to make space for such reconstructions. Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) are a novel group of dental materials characterized by fibrous fillers that are being increasingly used in place of traditional prosthodontic materials. They allow fabrication of minimally invasive, lightweight, durable and biocompatible restorations. This book will provide clinicians and students with theoretical and clinical guidelines to use the FRCs for dental applications. The book begins with an introduction to the fundamentals of FRCs in dentistry. Further chapters cover the treatment possibilities, fabrication and application procedures of FRCs, followed by information on care and maintenance. Explores the mechanism of function of fibre-reinforced composites Presents comprehensive information on the expanding field of fibre-reinforced composites and their increasing use in dentistry