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Trastorno Por D Ficit De Atenci N Con Hiperactividad

Author: Rafael Guerrero
Publisher: Grupo Planeta Spain
ISBN: 8448022254
Size: 44.65 MB
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El Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (TDAH) es una patología del neurodesarrollo que afecta en torno a un 5% de la población infantil. Dadas las características nucleares del trastorno (problemas para mantener la atención, movimiento excesivo e impulsividad tanto cognitiva como motora), los niños y adolescentes que lo padecen, suelen sufrir el efecto dominó de sus síntomas en los diferentes ámbitos de su vida (colegio, casa, relaciones con amigos, etc). Además, conlleva una alta carga de sufrimiento por parte del niño y su familia. En el presente libro, el psicólogo y profesor de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Rafael Guerrero Tomás, explica qué es el TDAH con un lenguaje sencillo, además de abordar las dificultades que tienen los chicos con esta problemática en diversos contextos (académico, familiar, social, conductual y emocional). Se proponen ejercicios prácticos y actividades para potenciar la atención, la memoria operativa, la planificación, la toma de decisiones, la automotivación, la perseverancia en las tareas y el resto de funciones ejecutivas. Los dos últimos capítulos están desarrollados por las familias, los propios niños con este trastorno y profesionales expertos en el TDAH, entre los que podemos destacar a Russell Barkley, Alberto Fernández Jaén, José Ramón Gamo, José Antonio Portellano, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga y Javier Urra entre otros.

El Trastorno Por D Ficit De Atenci N E Hiperactividad Tdah Aspectos Jur Dico Penales Psicol Gicos Y Criminol Gicos

Author: Aguilar Cárceles, Marta María
Publisher: Librería-Editorial Dykinson
ISBN: 8490851395
Size: 32.69 MB
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El Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad (TDAH) es Psicopatología del Neurodesarrollo más prevalente a nivel mundial. Diagnosticada en los primeros años de vida bajo la apreciación de síntomas de inatención, hiperactividad, e impulsividad, se caracteriza principalmente por una alteración de la función ejecutiva a nivel encefálico, lo cual englobaría, entre otros aspectos, la incapacidad para aten-der adecuadamente a ciertos estímulos, planificar, reflexionar sobre las consecuencias de acciones futuras, o inhibir la conducta frente a ciertos estímulos. La significación clínica del TDAH podría traducirse en severas consecuencias tanto a corto como a largo plazo, pudiendo llegar a vincular dichos resultados al comportamiento disocial e incluso criminal, aunque lo hará en una minoría de sujetos con aquél Cuadro y comúnmente en presencia de comorbilidad diagnóstica, dotando de gran relevancia a la sintomatología externalizante. Así pues, la necesidad de indagar sobre aquellas áreas jurídico-penales y criminológicas vinculadas a la presencia de psicopatología en el sujeto conduce a realizar una búsqueda científica, exhaustiva y comparada, sobre aquel conjunto de variables que tanto a nivel intrínseco como extrínseco pudieran llegar a delimitar una trayectoria futura sustentada en la criminalidad y delincuencia. Por todo ello, se plantea la cobertura multidisciplinar del TDAH en base a distintas ramas de conocimiento, destacando fundamentalmente las que atañen al Derecho Penal, Psicología, y Criminología; esto es, a sus implicaciones jurídico-penales, psicológicas y criminológicas.

Psicolog A Cl Nica Infanto Juvenil

Author: Remedios González Barrón
Publisher: Ediciones Pirámide
ISBN: 8436834631
Size: 32.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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El libro Psicología clínica infanto-juvenil proporciona tanto los conocimientos más actuales como los básicos de esta disciplina ofreciendo una visión clara y ordenada de los comportamientos y expresión de emociones según el nivel de desarrollo del niño y adolescente El contenido se ha organizado en dos bloques que ponen las bases para trabajar con niños y jóvenes. El primero de los bloques es una introducción general que incluye los temas de historia, evaluación, tratamiento y dibujo en la infancia. El segundo se centra en los trastornos psicopatológicos, su evaluación y su tratamiento. La sucesión de los trastornos, en los diferentes capítulos, se ha realizado teniendo en cuenta el proceso evolutivo de experiencias y aprendizajes que se realizan en función de la edad y se analiza cómo la presencia de dificultades en un inicio puede afectar el desarrollo posterior. Sin duda esta obra realiza una presentación novedosa desde el una perspectiva evolutiva y trata de dar respuesta a las necesidades de formación de los estudiantes de psicología y a los clínicos.

A Clinical Guide To Pediatric Sleep

Author: Jodi A. Mindell
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1496321871
Size: 57.66 MB
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Sleep disorders have a significant impact on a child’s physical, emotional, cognitive, and social development, and greatly affect the family, as well. Fortunately, today’s health care providers have highly effective medical and behavioral interventions at their disposal for treatment and prevention. A Clinical Guide to Pediatric Sleep: Diagnosis and Management of Sleep Problems, 3rd Edition, synthesizes current information on the assessment and treatment of sleep disorders in children and adolescents and gives you the practical tools you need to recognize, evaluate, and treat sleep issues. This state-of-the-art resource provides comprehensive, user-friendly guidance on pediatric sleep that will help you improve the lives of your patients and their families. Stay up to date with current information on the etiology, clinical assessment tools, and management of specific sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Quickly find the information you need thanks to logically organized chapters that cover sleep physiology, developmental aspects of sleep, sleep diagnostic tools, the most common pediatric sleep disorders, pharmacology (including stimulants such as caffeine), and special populations. Use handy algorithms to evaluate common presenting symptoms and develop an effective treatment plan. Educate parents and caregivers about normal sleep and offer primary and secondary prevention strategies to be used at home. Keep your practice up to date with new diagnostic criteria, revised and new practice guidelines from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the American Academy of Pediatrics, and updated and new clinical screening and parent handouts for each age group. Access an extensive collection of appendices online, including professional resources, and expanded list of intake and screening questionnaires, and parent education handouts for each age group and each sleep disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Author: David Gozal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592598919
Size: 21.93 MB
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder affecting 5–10% of children and adolescents and 3% of adults. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: From Genes to Patients aims to provide a comp- hensive, state-of-the-art overview of the critical aspects of ADHD, and hopefully will serve as a quick and up-to-date reference source for professionals with an int- est in ADHD. The book is divided into three major areas that follow an historical survey. The first group of chapters deals with current theories on the pathophysiology of ADHD, and focuses on neurotransmitters and the contributions and validity of animal m- els. The second section emphasizes the evaluation and treatment of patients with ADHD, from the day-to-day approach by the clinical psychologist to the more sophisticated anatomical and functional imaging strategies that have emerged in the last decade. In addition, chapters dealing with specific impairments, such as those pertaining to reading, social interaction, and working memory, are also included for more detailed analysis of these important aspects and their respective contributions to global functioning. The third and final section provides an expanded review on the pharmacotherapy of ADHD and the appropriate methods for selection of specific drugs for individual patients based on drug kinetics and gene expression. David Gozal, MD Dennis L. Molfese, PhD vii CONTENTS Dedication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi 1 Historical Aspects of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Roscoe A. Dykman 2 Scanning the Genome for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Adhd And The Nature Of Self Control

Author: Russell A. Barkley
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572302501
Size: 60.34 MB
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Renowned authority Russell Barkley provides a radical shift of perspective on ADHD. He argues that the disorder is not at root attentional, but rather a developmental problem of self-control. Offering new directions for thinking about and working with those with ADHD, this model has far-reaching implications for clinical practice.

La Pizarra De Babel

Author: Sebastián Lipina
Publisher: Libros del Zorzal
ISBN: 9875991961
Size: 69.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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¿Por qué es tan fácil para cualquier niño descubrir de manera implícita las reglas ocultas del lenguaje y tan difícil memorizar listas o multiplicar números de muchos dígitos? Para explorar el desarrollo de la educación con una mirada complementaria y desde la usina del pensamiento, reunimos en cada capítulo a los referentes más destacados de la neurociencia y de la ciencia cognitiva. Exploramos así un espacio de encuentro inevitable entre la cognición y la educación, en el que es preciso desgranar las operaciones que nos permiten hacer aquello que hacemos: las palabras, las frases, las preposiciones, la sintaxis del pensamiento. "Enfrentar con valentía el desafío de entender el mundo del pensamiento es una de las tareas más ciclópeas que nos queda a los seres humanos. No es fácil generar experimentos que ayuden a describir dónde se depositan las ideas, cómo se transfieren, cómo se conectan, como se desarrollan, como mutan, como interactúan. Este libro, sin ninguna duda, es un excelente aporte en esa dirección". Adrián Paenza

What Causes Adhd

Author: Joel T. Nigg
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781606237335
Size: 52.90 MB
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Synthesizing a wealth of recent neuropsychological research, this groundbreaking book focuses on the multiple pathways by which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develops. Joel T. Nigg marshals the best available knowledge on what is actually going on in the symptomatic child's brain and why, tracing the intersecting causal influences of genetic, neural, and environmental factors. In the process, the book confronts such enduring controversies as the validity of ADHD as a clinical construct. Specific suggestions are provided for studies that might further refine the conceptualization of the disorder, with significant potential benefits for treatment and prevention.

Neuropsychological Assessment

Author: Muriel Deutsch Lezak
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190240806
Size: 25.46 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Now in its Fifth Edition, Neuropsychological Assessment reviews the major neurobehavioral disorders associated with brain dysfunction and injury. This is the 35th anniversary of the landmark first edition. As with previous editions, this edition provides a comprehensive coverage of the field of adult clinical neuropsychology in a single source. By virtue of the authors' clinical and research specializations, this book provides a broad-based and in-depth coverage of current neuroscience research and clinical neuropsychology practice. While the new edition is updated to include new features and topics, it remains true to the highly-regarded previous editions. Methods for obtaining optimum data are given in the form of hypothesis-testing techniques, clinical tips, and clinical examples. In the seven years since the previous edition, many advancements have been made in techniques for examining brain function and in our knowledge about brain-behavior relationships. For example, a surge of functional imaging data has emerged and new structural imaging techniques have provided exquisite detail about brain structure. For the first time, this edition includes examples of these advancements, many in stunning color. This edition also includes new tools for clinicians such as a neuroimaging primer and a comparison table of the neuropsychological features of progressive dementias. The chapters on assessment procedures include discussion of issues related to test selection and reviews of recently published as well as older test batteries used in general neuropsychological assessment, plus newly developed batteries for specific issues.

The Spark

Author: Kristine Barnett
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0679645241
Size: 50.49 MB
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Kristine Barnett’s son Jacob has an IQ higher than Einstein’s, a photographic memory, and he taught himself calculus in two weeks. At nine he started working on an original theory in astrophysics that experts believe may someday put him in line for a Nobel Prize, and at age twelve he became a paid researcher in quantum physics. But the story of Kristine’s journey with Jake is all the more remarkable because his extraordinary mind was almost lost to autism. At age two, when Jake was diagnosed, Kristine was told he might never be able to tie his own shoes. The Spark is a remarkable memoir of mother and son. Surrounded by “experts” at home and in special ed who tried to focus on Jake’s most basic skills and curtail his distracting interests—moving shadows on the wall, stars, plaid patterns on sofa fabric—Jake made no progress, withdrew more and more into his own world, and eventually stopped talking completely. Kristine knew in her heart that she had to make a change. Against the advice of her husband, Michael, and the developmental specialists, Kristine followed her instincts, pulled Jake out of special ed, and began preparing him for mainstream kindergarten on her own. Relying on the insights she developed at the daycare center she runs out of the garage in her home, Kristine resolved to follow Jacob’s “spark”—his passionate interests. Why concentrate on what he couldn’t do? Why not focus on what he could? This basic philosophy, along with her belief in the power of ordinary childhood experiences (softball, picnics, s’mores around the campfire) and the importance of play, helped Kristine overcome huge odds. The Barnetts were not wealthy people, and in addition to financial hardship, Kristine herself faced serious health issues. But through hard work and determination on behalf of Jake and his two younger brothers, as well as an undying faith in their community, friends, and family, Kristine and Michael prevailed. The results were beyond anything anyone could have imagined. Dramatic, inspiring, and transformative, The Spark is about the power of love and courage in the face of overwhelming obstacles, and the dazzling possibilities that can occur when we learn how to tap the true potential that lies within every child, and in all of us. Praise for The Spark “[An] amazing memoir . . . compulsive reading.”—The Washington Post “The Spark is about the transformative power of unconditional love. If you have a child who’s ‘different’—and who doesn’t?—you won’t be able to put it down.”—Sylvia Nasar, author of A Beautiful Mind “Love, illness, faith, tragedy and triumph—it’s all here. . . . Jake Barnett’s story contains wisdom for every parent.”—Newsday “This eloquent memoir about an extraordinary boy and a resilient and remarkable mother will be of interest to every parent and/or educator hoping to nurture a child’s authentic ‘spark.’”—Publishers Weekly “Compelling . . . Jake is unusual, but so is his superhuman mom.”—Booklist “The Spark describes in glowing terms the profound intensity with which a mother can love her child.”—Andrew Solomon, author of The Noonday Demon and Far from the Tree “Every parent and teacher should read this fabulous book!”—Temple Grandin, author of Thinking in Pictures and co-author of The Autistic Brain From the Hardcover edition.