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Treason And The State

Author: D. Alan Orr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139439459
Size: 52.80 MB
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This study traces the transition of treason from a personal crime against the monarch to a modern crime against the impersonal state. It consists of four highly detailed case studies of major state treason trials in England beginning with that of Thomas Wentworth, first Earl of Strafford, in the spring of 1641 and ending with that of Charles Stuart, King of England, in January 1649. The book examines how these trials constituted practical contexts in which ideas of statehood and public authority legitimated courses of political action that might ordinarily be considered unlawful - or at least not within the compass of the foundational statute of Edward III. The ensuing narrative reveals how the events of the 1640s in England challenged existing conceptions of treason as a personal crime against the king, his family and his servants, and pushed the ascendant parliamentarian faction towards embracing an impersonal conception of the state that perceived public authority as completely independent of any individual or group.

Verr Ter

Author: André Krischer
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3412514462
Size: 53.31 MB
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Ob Edward Snowden, den manche Politiker in den Vereinigten Staaten mit einer Verratsanklage überziehen wollen, ob rechtsradikale Pöbler, die Politiker als "Volksverräter" schmähen, ob Oppositionelle in der Türkei, die als "Hochverräter" denunziert werden – es scheint so, als wenn derzeit ein überlebter Begriff eine neue Konjunktur erfährt. Diese Konjunktur ist Anlass genug, die Deutungsmuster "Verrat" und "Verräter" historisch genauer zu rekonstruieren. Dies geschieht anhand von bekannten Persönlichkeiten und Ereignissen, zeitlich reicht der Band von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart.

Images And Cultures Of Law In Early Modern England

Author: Paul Raffield
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521827393
Size: 72.55 MB
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This book offers an interesting interpretation of the hidden culture of the early modern legal profession and its influence on the development of the English constitution. It locates an alternative site of political sovereignty in the legal communities at the Inns of Court in London, examining the signs of legitimacy by which they sought to validate the claim that common law represented sovereign constitutional authority. The role of symbols in the culture of English law is central to the book's analysis. Within the framework of a cultural history of the legal profession from 1558 to 1660, the book considers the social presence of the law, revealed in its various signs. It analyses how institutional existence at the Inns of Court presented the legal community as an emblematic template for the English nation-state, defending the sovereignty of the Ancient Constitution by reference to the immemorial provenance of common law.

The English Atlantic In An Age Of Revolution 1640 1661

Author: Carla Gardina Pestana
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674042077
Size: 52.78 MB
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Between 1640 and 1660, England, Scotland, and Ireland faced civil war, invasion, religious radicalism, parliamentary rule, and the restoration of the monarchy. Carla Gardina Pestana offers a sweeping history that systematically connects these cataclysmic events and the development of the infant plantations from Newfoundland to Surinam. By 1660, the English Atlantic emerged as religiously polarized, economically interconnected, socially exploitative, and ideologically anxious about its liberties. War increased both the proportion of unfree laborers and ethnic diversity in the settlements. Neglected by London, the colonies quickly developed trade networks, especially from seafaring New England, and entered the slave trade. Barbadian planters in particular moved decisively toward slavery as their premier labor system, leading the way toward its adoption elsewhere. When by the 1650s the governing authorities tried to impose their vision of an integrated empire, the colonists claimed the rights of freeborn English men, making a bid for liberties that had enormous implications for the rise in both involuntary servitude and slavery. Changes at home politicized religion in the Atlantic world and introduced witchcraft prosecutions. Pestana presents a compelling case for rethinking our assumptions about empire and colonialism and offers an invaluable look at the creation of the English Atlantic world.

Die Jakobiten Am Exil Hof Der Stuarts In Saint Germain En Laye 1688 89 Bis 1712

Author: Sonja Wimschulte
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647101486
Size: 11.91 MB
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Die Migration der Jakobiten, der Anhänger der exilierten Dynastie der Stuarts, von den Britischen Inseln war eine der größten Auswanderungsbewegungen des ausgehenden 17. Jahrhunderts. Anders als jedoch bei den meisten Massenmigrationen dieser Zeit waren die Migranten nicht Protestanten, wie etwa die französischen Hugenotten, sondern mehrheitlich Katholiken. Der Migration zugrunde lag die sogenannte ‚Glorreiche Revolution‘ 1688/89, in welcher der katholische König Jakob II./VII. von England, Irland und Schottland seinen Thron verlor und nach Frankreich ins Exil flüchtete. Doch nahm die Konfession der Jakobiten eine ähnlich zentrale Rolle bei der Migration ein wie bei den protestantischen Konfessionsmigranten? Waren die Jakobiten religiöse Flüchtlinge?Die Studie geht diesen und anderen Fragen nach, indem die Migration an den Exil-Hof der Stuarts in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, dem politischen Zentrum der Auswanderung, in den Blick genommen wird. Es werden die Erfahrungen und Wahrnehmungen der Hofangehörigen bei der Migration und während des Aufenthaltes am Exil-Hof untersucht sowie die Art und Weise, den Aufenthalt zu deuten und diesem einen Sinn zuzuschreiben. So wird nicht nur aufgezeigt, inwiefern die Migration von der Tradition des Antikatholizismus auf den Britischen Inseln beeinflusst war, sondern auch, wie die Stuarts unter den Bedingungen des Exils die Loyalität ihrer Anhänger aufrechtzuerhalten versuchten.

England And The 1641 Irish Rebellion

Author: Joseph Cope
Publisher: Studies in Early Modern Cultur
ISBN:
Size: 63.36 MB
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The study shows how the 1641 Irish Rebellion played an integral role in politicizing the English people and escalating the political crisis of the 1640s.

The Language Of Defendants In The 17th Century English Courtroom

Author: Elisabetta Cecconi
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 80.40 MB
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This volume analyses the defence system in the 17th-century English courtroom and sees how defendants attempted to construct their discourse identity and articulate their defence in the arraignment section and in the evidence phase of the trial. Drawing upon theories from socio-pragmatics and (critical) discourse analysis the book investigates the complex face-work dynamics operating between defendants and professionals/witnesses, the main defence strategies adopted in the evidence phase and - at the author-readership discourse level - the way in which Royalist defendants were represented in Royalist accounts in the turbulent years of the Civil War. The author draws on a rich variety of trial texts: from high treason to religious subversion, from murder to felony and misdemeanour. In each case the defendant's discourse behaviour is scrutinised in relation to historical, socio-cultural and institutional variables. In its double focus on the defendants' interactional role in the trial and their representation in Royalist accounts, the book offers a valuable reading for historical courtroom linguists, legal historians and researchers in the field of language, ideology and political propaganda in the early modern period.