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The Rescue Of Joshua Glover

Author: H. Robert Baker
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821442147
Size: 19.86 MB
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On March 11, 1854, the people of Wisconsin prevented agents of the federal government from carrying away the fugitive slave, Joshua Glover. Assembling in mass outside the Milwaukee courthouse, they demanded that the federal officers respect his civil liberties as they would those of any other citizen of the state. When the officers refused, the crowd took matters into its own hands and rescued Joshua Glover. The federal government brought his rescuers to trial, but the Wisconsin Supreme Court intervened and took the bold step of ruling the Fugitive Slave Act unconstitutional. The Rescue of Joshua Glover delves into the courtroom trials, political battles, and cultural equivocation precipitated by Joshua Glover's brief, but enormously important, appearance in Wisconsin on the eve of the Civil War. H. Robert Baker articulates the many ways in which this case evoked powerful emotions in antebellum America, just as the stage adaptation of Uncle Tom's Cabin was touring the country and stirring antislavery sentiments. Terribly conflicted about race, Americans struggled mightily with a revolutionary heritage that sanctified liberty but also brooked compromise with slavery. Nevertheless, as The Rescue of Joshua Glover demonstrates, they maintained the principle that the people themselves were the last defenders of constitutional liberty, even as Glover's rescue raised troubling questions about citizenship and the place of free blacks in America.

Wisconsin Politics And Government

Author: James K. Conant
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803215481
Size: 77.21 MB
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Throughout the twentieth century, Wisconsin won national visibility and praise for its role as a ?laboratory of democracy? within the American federal system. In Wisconsin Politics and Government James K. Conant traces the development of the state and its Progressive heritage from the early territorial experience to contemporary times. Conant includes a discussion of the four major periods of institutional and policy innovation that occurred in Wisconsin during the twentieth century as well as an examination of the state?s constitution, legislature, office of the governor, courts, political parties and elections, interest groups, social welfare policy, local governments, state-local relations, and current and emerging issues. ø Readers of Wisconsin Politics and Government are likely to find a close correspondence between Wisconsin's social, economic, and political experience during the twentieth century and the essential democratic characteristics Alexis de Tocqueville describes in his classic work Democracy in America. For example, Wisconsin?s twentieth-century civil society was highly developed: its elected and administrative officials continuously sought to improve the state's political and administrative institutions, and they worked to enhance the economic and social conditions of the state's citizens. Other modern characteristics of the state's democratic experience include issue-oriented politics, government institutions operating free of scandal, and citizens turning out to vote in large numbers.

Marital Cruelty In Antebellum America

Author: Robin C. Sager
Publisher: LSU Press
ISBN: 0807163112
Size: 13.48 MB
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In Marital Cruelty in Antebellum America, Robin C. Sager probes the struggles of aggrieved spouses shedding light on the nature of marriage and violence in the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War. Analyzing over 1,500 divorce records that reveal intimate details of marriages in conflict in Virginia, Texas, and Wisconsin from 1840--1860, Sager offers a rare glimpse into the private lives of ordinary Americans shaken by accusations of cruelty. At a time when the standard for an ideal marriage held that both partners adequately perform their respective duties, hostility often arose from ongoing domestic struggles for power. Despite a rise in the then novel expectation of marriage as a companionate relationship, and even in the face of liberalized divorce grounds, marital conflicts often focused on violations of duty, not lack of love. Sager describes how, in this environment, cruelty was understood as a failure to fulfill expectations and as a weapon to brutally enforce more traditional interpretations of marital duty. Sager's findings also challenge historical literature's assumptions about the regional influences on violence, showing that married southerners were no more or less violent than their midwestern counterparts. Her work reveals how definitions and perceptions of cruelty varied according to the gender of victim and perpetrator. Correcting historical mischaracterizations of women's violence as trivial, rare, or defensive, Sager finds antebellum wives both capable and willing to commit a wide variety of cruelties within their marriages. Her research provides details about the reality of nineteenth-century conjugal unions, including the deep unhappiness buried within them.

Ballot Battles

Author: Edward Foley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190235284
Size: 39.44 MB
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The 2000 presidential race resulted in the highest-profile ballot battle in over a century. But it is far from the only American election determined by a handful of votes and marred by claims of fraud. Since the founding of the nation, violence frequently erupted as the votes were being counted, and more than a few elections produced manifestly unfair results. Despite America's claim to be the world's greatest democracy, its adherence to the basic tenets of democratic elections-the ability to count ballots accurately and fairly even when the stakes are high-has always been shaky. A rigged gubernatorial election in New York in 1792 nearly ended in calls for another revolution, and an 1899 gubernatorial race even resulted in an assassination. Though acts of violence have decreased in frequency over the past century, fairness and accuracy in ballot counting nonetheless remains a basic problem in American political life. In Ballot Battles, Edward Foley presents a sweeping history of election controversies in the United States, tracing how their evolution generated legal precedents that ultimately transformed how we determine who wins and who loses. While weaving a narrative spanning over two centuries, Foley repeatedly returns to an originating event: because the Founding Fathers despised parties and never envisioned the emergence of a party system, they wrote a constitution that did not provide clear solutions for high-stakes and highly-contested elections in which two parties could pool resources against one another. Moreover, in the American political system that actually developed, politicians are beholden to the parties which they represent - and elected officials have typically had an outsized say in determining the outcomes of extremely close elections that involve recounts. This underlying structural problem, more than anything else, explains why intense ballot battles that leave one side feeling aggrieved will continue to occur for the foreseeable future. American democracy has improved dramatically over the last two centuries. But the same cannot be said for the ways in which we determine who wins the very close races. From the founding until today, there has been little progress toward fixing the problem. Indeed, supporters of John Jay in 1792 and opponents of Lyndon Johnson in the 1948 Texas Senate race would find it easy to commiserate with Al Gore after the 2000 election. Ballot Battles is not only the first full chronicle of contested elections in the US. It also provides a powerful explanation of why the American election system has been-and remains-so ineffective at deciding the tightest races in a way that all sides will agree is fair.

Wisconsin And The Shaping Of American Law

Author: Joseph A. Ranney
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 0299312402
Size: 30.77 MB
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Examines the full course of American history from a comparative state-law perspective, using Wisconsin as a case study to emphasize the vital role states have taken in creating American law.

Obreros Unidos

Author: Marc Simon Rodriguez
Publisher:
ISBN:
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This dissertation examines the role played by young Chicano migrant farm workers in the creation of the Chicano Movement after 1950. It argues that the Chicano Movement grew out of a translocal migrant community operating between Wisconsin and Texas. After 1950, Chicanos in Crystal City, Texas, where they represented the majority population, pushed for an end to school segregation. This advocacy facilitated youth entry into the local Chicano migrant worker political movement, which elected five Chicanos, known as Los Cinco, to the city council in Crystal City. Though Los Cinco only held office between 1963--1965, young Chicanos carried an activist impulse north to Wisconsin. In Wisconsin, with the assistance of local progressives, these activists pushed for the reform of conditions for migrant farm workers. This effort led to the founding of Obreros Unidos, a labor union, among Texas-Mexican migrant farm workers, who in turn transformed the migrant labor system to serve themselves. Once only a labor recruiting network, the migrant system now facilitated community mobilization in both Texas and Wisconsin. After 1969, as the union deteriorated, activists spread out to take positions with migrant-serving agencies operating under the Office of Economic Opportunity in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where they called for and won Chicano control of "War on Poverty" agencies. After 1970, as political protest under the banner of La Raza Unida Party developed in Crystal City, Cristaleno activists, trained in Wisconsin, returned to their hometown as leaders. The Chicano Movement thus developed in Crystal City and Wisconsin, and took as its single greatest resource the translocal migrant farm worker network operating across the Midwestern migrant stream. And over an eventful decade, the activists gained a permanent political presence in both Texas border politics and Wisconsin welfare agencies.