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Understanding Crime Statistics

Author: James P. Lynch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139462628
Size: 38.46 MB
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In Understanding Crime Statistics, Lynch and Addington draw on the work of leading experts on U.S. crime statistics to provide much-needed research on appropriate use of this data. Specifically, the contributors explore the issues surrounding divergence in the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which have been the two major indicators of the level and of the change in level of crime in the United States for the past 30 years. This book examines recent changes in the UCR and the NCVS and assesses the effect these have had on divergence. By focusing on divergence, the authors encourage readers to think about how these data systems filter the reality of crime. Understanding Crime Statistics builds on this discussion of divergence to explain how the two data systems can be used as they were intended - in complementary rather than competitive ways.

Handbook Of Quantitative Criminology

Author: Alex R. Piquero
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387776507
Size: 35.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Quantitative criminology has certainly come a long way since I was ?rst introduced to a largely qualitative criminology some 40 years ago, when I was recruited to lead a task force on science and technology for the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. At that time, criminology was a very limited activity, depending almost exclusively on the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) initiated by the FBI in 1929 for measurement of crime based on victim reports to the police and on police arrests. A ty- cal mode of analysis was simple bivariate correlation. Marvin Wolfgang and colleagues were makingan importantadvancebytrackinglongitudinaldata onarrestsin Philadelphia,an in- vation that was widely appreciated. And the ?eld was very small: I remember attending my ?rst meeting of the American Society of Criminology in about 1968 in an anteroom at New York University; there were about 25–30 people in attendance, mostly sociologists with a few lawyers thrown in. That Society today has over 3,000 members, mostly now drawn from criminology which has established its own clear identity, but augmented by a wide variety of disciplines that include statisticians, economists, demographers, and even a few engineers. This Handbook provides a remarkable testimony to the growth of that ?eld. Following the maxim that “if you can’t measure it, you can’t understand it,” we have seen the early dissatisfaction with the UCR replaced by a wide variety of new approaches to measuring crime victimization and offending.

Risiken Der Sicherheitsgesellschaft

Author: Marcel Alexander Niggli
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3942865327
Size: 76.10 MB
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Die 13. Tagung der Kriminologischen Gesellschaft (KrimG) widmete sich dem Thema „Risiken der Sicherheitsgesellschaft – Sicherheit, Risiko und Kriminalpolitik“ und zog etwa 160 Teilneh-merinnen und Teilnehmer aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz nach Freiburg i. Üe. Die Thematik ist von höchst aktueller Relevanz, verschiebt sich doch der Fokus von der Repression hin zur Prävention, wobei sich die Grenzen zwischen Straf- und Polizei-, bzw. Straf- und Verwaltungsrecht zunehmend verwischen. Die Tagung bestand aus einer Mischung von Plenarvorträgen und Vorträgen in Panels, die das Spektrum der kriminologischen Forschungsfelder abdeckten. Von der Sanktionspraxis hin zu Polizei und Strafverfolgung, über Prävention und Ätiologie, Dunkelfeldbefragung in Deutschland 2012, Wirtschaftskriminalität, Strafvollzug sowie Jugend und Alter, Suizid, Sicherheitsgesellschaft und Kriminalpolitik, Massnahme- bzw. Massregelvollzug, Täter und Opfer, Umgang mit Unsicherheiten und Fehlern, Entlassung aus dem Vollzug und einzelnen Delikten. Der vorliegende Band enthält in etwa die Hälfte aller Beiträge (Plenar- und Panelvorträge), wobei die meisten der nun vorliegenden etwa 30 Vorträge für die Drucklegung überarbeitet wurden. Zudem finden sich im Band auch die Laudationes für die Beccaria-Preisträger.

Social Work In Juvenile And Criminal Justice Systems 4th Ed

Author: David W. Springer
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
ISBN: 0398091552
Size: 66.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Social Work in Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems sets the standard of care for mental health treatment and the delivery of social services to crime victims, juvenile and adult offenders, and their families. The chapters, all authored by experts in the field and all committed to the mission of social justice, are written with the clear understanding that we cannot study criminal justice in a vacuum. Therefore, a major focus of the book is on the renewed growing sense of the profession’s obligation to social justice. Each chapter interconnects with the various components of juvenile and criminal justice. Another prominent aspect of the book is that it is strength-based. It views those involved in the criminal and juvenile justice systems as individuals rather than inmates or criminals, each with unique positive talents and abilities. The book is divided into four sections. The first section discusses forensic social work, including crime and delinquency theories, trends, and ethical issues. The second section prepares social workers for practice in correctional institutions and explores crisis intervention with victims of violence, reentry of adult offenders in society, and aging in prison. The third section covers assessment and intervention in child sexual abuse, mental health and substance abuse, interpersonal violence and prevention, child welfare and juvenile justice. The final section presents an overview on social work in the twenty-first century, which includes restorative justice and the justice system, new ways of delivering justice, domestic violence, neighborhood revitalization, race and ethnicity, and social work practice with LGBTQ offenders. This book will be the best single source on social work in criminal justice settings and will prove to be an invaluable resource for the many professionals who have responsibility for formulating and carrying out the mandates of the criminal justice system.

The International Crime Drop

Author: Jan van Dijk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113729146X
Size: 71.53 MB
Format: PDF
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Drawing on new studies from major European countries and Australia, this exciting collection extends the ongoing debate on falling crime rates from the perspective of criminal opportunity or routine activity theory. It analyses the effect of post WW2 crime booms which triggered a universal improvement in security across the Western world.

Crime And Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199315043
Size: 76.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Surveying Crime In The 21st Century

Author: Michael G. Maxfield
Publisher: Criminal Justice Pr
ISBN:
Size: 28.56 MB
Format: PDF
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Since its first sweep in 1982, the British Crime Survey - and its counterparts in the US and other nations - have become invaluable sources of data for research and policy development. In this book, chapters by a distinguished international group of scholars describe key findings of national crime surveys in a variety of research and policy areas, including:internationa comparisons of victimization;covariation of victimization and offending;the measurement of police performance;the impact of crime in different types of communities;attitudes to crime and justice;fear of crime; andthe unequal distribution of risk.Though national crime surveys have made substantial contributions to knowledge, according to the authors the surveys must adapt to changing circumstances if they are to continue to be of value. Future directions include continuing to incorporate new technology in samples and survey designs; broadening the focus beyond 'normal' crimes and individual victims; and producing better measures of crimes such as fraud, organized crime, corruption and Internet-facilitated crime.