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Understanding Research Methods

Author: Donijo Robbins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351537997
Size: 21.71 MB
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Managers and administrators in the public-policy and nonprofit sectors rely heavily on analytical skills to quickly pore through a massive amount of research. They dissect it and apply specific, useful data that can inform critical policy changes and help them improve their organization’s overall performance and financial position. To master this vital role, it is imperative that they and their staff learn to be more efficient at collecting, analyzing and evaluating research material, by discovering how to ask the right questions and quickly discern valuable information from useless data. A Blueprint to Streamline Every Aspect of the Research Process Focusing on the entire research process from start to finish, the compact but comprehensive Understanding Research Methods: A Guide for the Public and Nonprofit Manager explores the research designs and analytical tools that are the foundation for decision-making. Relying more on concepts and analysis than on mathematics, this text provides insight into the definition, process, importance, and capabilities of research – addressing the topic from the perspectives of both the producer of data and the consumer who evaluates its usefulness. Broken down into three sections, the book: Gives an overview of the research process, the construction of measures, and research ethics Elaborates on planning a research method, presenting common research designs used by practitioners and the most useful, popular ways to collect data Focuses on tools available to analyze and then communicate data – specifically univariate and bivariate analyses This versatile text is intended for dual uses – as a textbook for graduate and undergraduate students in public and nonprofit administration and public policy, and as a practical guide for the average administrator. Both groups will learn how to develop proper research questions, define specific research purposes, and form hypotheses that avoid confusion in measurement and analysis. Imparting basic practical knowledge, it outlines effective approaches to gather accurate, relevant information and then effectively interpret and communicate it.

Governance Networks In Public Administration And Public Policy

Author: Christopher J. Koliba
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351565141
Size: 79.70 MB
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What do public administrators and policy analysts have in common? Their work is undertaken within networks formed when different organizations align to accomplish some kind of policy function. To be effective, they must find ways to navigate complexity and generate effective results. Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy describes a variety of trends and movements that have contributed to the complexity of these systems and the challenges that must be faced as a result. Providing a theoretical and empirical foundation in governance networks, the book offers a conceptual framework for describing governance networks and provides a holistic way to conceive their construction. The text details the skills and functions of public administrators in the context of networked relationships and presents the theoretical foundations to analyze governance networks. It identifies the reforms and trends in governing that led to governance networks, explains the roles that various actors take on through networked relationships, highlights the challenges involved in the failure of networked activities, and illustrates how policy tools are mobilized by these relationships. Be a part of building governance networks 2.0! The author’s website contains support materials such as PowerPoint® presentations, writable case study templates, and other useful items related to building the field’s capacity to describe, evaluate, and design governance networks using the framework of this book. You can post case studies of governance networks, draw on other’s case study materials, and learn about research and educational opportunities. Based on research and real-life experience, the book highlights the interplay between public actors and policy tools. The authors demystify this complex topic of governance networks and explore the practical applications of the conceptual framework. Practical and accessible, the book presents concepts in such a way that readers can engage in these ideas, apply them, and deepen their understanding of the dynamics unfolding around them.

Public Administration In Southeast Asia

Author: Evan M. Berman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420064770
Size: 47.54 MB
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While public administration practice and education in general has become considerably professionalized in the last decade, existing knowledge on public administration in Southeast Asia is fragmented at best, and often devoid of a useful reference. While journal articles and government reports provide decentralized information, Public Administration in Southeast Asia: Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Macao takes a comprehensive and comparative look at the major components of administration systems. The selection of countries and regions included reflects the diversity of Southeast Asia. Organized by Country The handbook fills a critical need by bringing together leading scholars who provide an insider perspective and viewpoint on essential and advanced issues. Divided into five sections, each dedicated to a particular country, the text outlines topics relevant to modern public administration, including: History and Political Context of Public Administration Decentralization and Local Governance Public Ethics and Corruption Performance Management Reforms Civil Service System Focusing on recent developments in public administration in these countries which are among the fastest growing economies in the world, the book explores their practices and innovative approaches in public administration. For many years people have been fascinated by the cultures, peoples, and governments of Southeast Asia, and now they have a book that discusses the apparatus of government in Southeast Asia – their agencies, contexts, processes, and values.

Research Methods And Statistics For Public And Nonprofit Administrators

Author: Masami Nishishiba
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483321460
Size: 31.82 MB
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Research Methods and Statistics for Public and Nonprofit Administrators: A Practical Guide is a comprehensive, easy-to-read, core text that thoroughly prepares readers to apply research methods and data analysis to the professional environments of public and non-profit administration. The authors expertly incorporate original case examples to demonstrate concepts using “real actors,” facing specific scenarios, in which research methods must be applied. This unique approach—presented in language accessible to both students new to research as well as current practitioners—guides the reader in fully understanding the research options detailed throughout the text.

Research Methods In Public Administration And Nonprofit Management

Author: David E. McNabb
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 076563130X
Size: 16.98 MB
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Designed for both students and practitioners, the new edition of this popular text has been thoroughly revised. It incorporates the latest thinking in public administration and nonprofit management. The book integrates both quantitative and qualitative approaches to research, and also provides specific instruction in the use of commonly available statistical software programs such as Excel and SPSS. The book is exceptionally well illustrated, with plentiful exhibits, tables, figures, and exercises.

Effective Implementation In Practice

Author: Jodi Sandfort
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118775481
Size: 33.35 MB
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A unique approach to policy implementation with essential guidance and useful tools Effective Implementation in Practice: Integrating Public Policy and Management presents an instrumental approach to implementation analysis. By spanningpolicy fields, organizations, and frontline conditions in implementation systems, this book provides a robust foundation for policy makers, public and nonprofit managers and leaders. Detailed case studies enable readers to identify key intervention points, become more strategic, and improve outcomes. The engaging style and specific examples provide a bridge to practice, while diagrams, worksheets, and other tools included in the appendix help managers apply these ideas to team meetings, operational planning, and program assessment and refinement. Policy and program implementation is fraught with challenges as public and nonprofit leaders juggle organizational missions and stakeholder expectations while managing policy and program impact and effectiveness. Using their own experience in practice, teaching, and research, the authors empower policy and program implementers to recognize their essential roles within the workplace and help them cultivate the analytical and social skills necessary to change. Understand how program or policy technology constitutes the core of implementation Study a conceptual framework encompassing power dynamics, culture, relationships in the field and the rules that are operating during program and policy implementation Discover a multilevel approach that identifies key points of strategic action at various levels and settings of the implementation system and assesses implementation success The integration of policy and management mindsets gives readers an insightful yet accessible understanding of implementation, allowing them to achieve the potent results desired by the public. For those in senior positions at federal agencies to local staff at nonprofit organizations, Effective Implementation in Practice: Integrating Public Policy and Management provides an invaluable one-stop resource.

Research Methods In Public Administration And Public Management

Author: Sandra van Thiel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136155341
Size: 13.99 MB
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Research in public administration and public management has distinctive features that influence the choices and application of research methods. Periods of change and upheaval in the public sector provide ample opportunities and cases for research, but the standard methodologies for researching in the social sciences can be difficult to follow in the complex world of the public sector. In a dynamic political environment, the focus lies on solving social problems whilst also using methodological principles needed for doing scientifically sound research. Research Methods in Public Administration and Public Management represents a comprehensive guide to doing and using research in public management and administration. It is impressively succinct but covering a wide variety of research strategies including among others: action research, hypotheses, sampling, case selection, questionnaires, interviewing, desk research, prescription and research ethics. This textbook does not bog the nascent researcher down in the theory but does provide numerous international examples and practical exercises to illuminate the research journey. Sandra Van Thiel guides us through the theory, operationalization and research design process before explaining the tools required to carry-out impactful research. This concise textbook will be core reading for those studying research methods and/or carrying out research on public management and administration.

Handbook Of Research Methods In Public Administration Second Edition

Author: Gerald J. Miller
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420013276
Size: 80.79 MB
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Describing new techniques and novel applications, Handbook of Research Methods in Public Administration, Second Edition demonstrates the use of tools designed to meet the increased complexity of problems in government and non-profit organizations with ever-more rigorous and systematic research. It presents detailed information on conceptualizing, planning, and implementing research projects involving a wide variety of available methodologies. Providing a reference of systematic research methods, this second edition explains how these techniques aid in understanding traditional issues, and reveals how they might be applied to answer emerging theoretical and practical questions. Following a linear, logical organization, this handbook meets systematic goals and objectives through eight groups of chapters. The first group explains the logic of inquiry and the practical problems of locating existing research. The second group deals with research design and the third examines pitfalls in measurement and data collection. The authors give practical, considered advice in the fourth section to anticipate and solve data management problems. They include numerous illustrations to supplement two separate sections devoted to basic and advanced quantitative analysis. The seventh section covers unique analytical techniques used to gain insight specific to the non-market sector’s knotty problems. The final section addresses the impact of research and describes how to overcome illusive, tricky, and sizeable barriers to influence other researchers, decision makers, foundations, and grant making institutions. With a comprehensive survey of research methods and an examination of their practical and theoretical application in the past, present, and future, Handbook of Research Methods in Public Administration, Second Edition gives you the tools to make informed decisions.

Nonprofit Organisationen

Author: Helmut K. Anheier
Publisher: Vs Verlag Fur Sozialwissenschaften
ISBN: 9783531162843
Size: 27.34 MB
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Soziale Investitionen bezeichnen unterschiedliche Formen privater Beiträge zum Gemeinwohl. Was jedoch als Beitrag zum Gemeinwohl verstanden werden kann, unterliegt dem Diskurs in Zivilgesellschaft und politischer Öffentlichkeit. Aus der Perspektive wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Disziplinen prüfen die Forscher des Heidelberger Centrums für Soziale Investitionen und Innovationen den Erklärungsgehalt dieses neuen forschungsleitenden Konzepts Sozialer Investition. Das Konzept beansprucht die prinzipielle Vergleichbarkeit unterschiedlicher Beiträge zum Gemeinwohl, wie die Arbeit von Stiftungen, Spenden, freiwilliges bürgerschaftliches Engagement und Sozialunternehmertum. Es zielt darauf, Phänomene an den Grenzen der Sektoren (Staat, Markt und Dritter Sektor) besonders gut zu erfassen und fördert die interdisziplinäre Erforschung und Messung von sozialer Wirkung.

Meta Analysis For Public Management And Policy

Author: Evan Ringquist
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118240499
Size: 19.24 MB
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Praise for Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy "In his usual rigorous but readable style, Evan Ringquist andco-author Mary Anderson have produced a tour-de-force on the topicof meta-analysis in public policy and managementresearch. Meta-analysis is badly needed in the all-too-commonsituation when researchers have low confidence in summarizing theoverall results of dozens of studies on the effectiveness of somepolicy. This book has a nice combination of conceptualoverview, methodological details, and applications that will makeit possible for researchers to conduct their ownmeta-analysis. It is tempting to require all graduate studentsto write a meta-analysis as a chapter in their dissertation, orinclude meta-analysis as a standard offering in the researchmethods curriculum of social science graduate programs. Themore people that adopt Ringquist and Anderson's approach, the lessresources will be wasted on conducting studies that do notcontribute to cumulative scientific knowledge. " —Mark Lubell Department of Environmental Science and Policy Director, Center for Environmental Policy and Behavior Universityof California-Davis “Ringquist and his colleagues deliver value and add tocanon of public management methods by delivering an analyticalframework that makes the case for systematic research using thetools of meta-analysis. This book will be a must read for allcommitted to strengthening evidence-based research that improvespublic policy and management decision making.” —David M. Van Slyke The Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs SyracuseUniversity “In Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy EvanRingquist and his colleagues provide a lucid and practical roadmapfor policy and public management scholars who use meta-analysis intheir research. But this is more than a “how to”volume; it provides background on why meta-analysis is a potentmeans for accumulating and synthesizing empirical researchfindings, and shows how its use has evolved in recent decades.Specific applications of meta-analysis to long-standing policy andmanagement debates are given, essentially providing an array ofdeveloped “templates” through which scholars andpractitioners can assess how to approach different kinds ofanalytical problems using meta-analysis. Particularly valuable tome is the careful development and presentation of the necessarystages of meta-analysis, from conceptualization through data codingand bias assessment to advanced modeling. All of the statisticalanalyses can be conducted in Stata, utilizing readily available“.ado” modules. I will use this book, both inresearch and in the classroom. Overall it is one of the most usefulmethodological contributions I’ve seen in sometime.” —Hank Jenkins-Smith Department of Political Science Director, Center for Applied SocialResearch University of Oklahoma “Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy conveysthe considerable untapped potential of meta-analysis to strengthenand advance bodies of knowledge and evidence in public managementand policy. This book takes students and researchers deepinto the methods of meta-analysis and details of their empiricalapplication, without losing sight of the important policy questionsand the implications of choices that researchers make in theirempirical work for the production of evidence for public managersand policymakers. This book will serve as an excellentpractical guide for those conducting their first meta-analysis,while at the same time supporting critically-focused consumption ofexisting meta-analyses and discussion of where the field cangainfully take this approach to enhance our research and knowledgebases. It draws in a range of valuable and important examplesof applications of meta-analysis techniques throughout the book androunds off with four full-fledged applications of themethod. Although the book reaches out to an audience of publicmanagement and policy researchers and consumers of this research,it should be of interest to a broad range of applied social scienceresearchers and students as well.” —Carolyn Heinrich Sid Richardson Professor of Public Affairs Director, Center forHealth and Social Policy LBJ School of Public Affairs University ofTexas – Austin “Even for incredibly specialized techniques, publicmanagement and policy scholars have a multiplicity of methods textsfrom which to choose. Yet it is truly surprising that a strongguide to applied meta-analysis — a rigorous framework for theorganization of empirical findings — has not beenavailable. Ringquist and Anderson provided just that with anaccessible guide to sophisticated techniques. Marryingan instructive text to a set of exemplary standalone studies,Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy offers unparalleledguidance for instructors and students and more than a little wisdomfor seasoned scholars. It is destined to become the standardreference for our field.” —Anthony Michael Bertelli CC Crawford Chair in Management and Performance USC Price School ofPublic Policy USC Gould School of Law University of SouthernCalifornia “This comprehensive treatment of meta-analysis is anexcellent guide for scholars and students in public management andpublic policy. The carefully done exposition demonstrates whymeta-analysis should have greater use in theprofession.” —Kenneth J. Meier Charles H. Gregory Chair in Liberal Arts Department of PoliticalScience Texas A&M University “This remarkable book reviews the history of the use ofmeta-analysis in the social sciences, argues forcefully for itsimportance, value, and relevance for public managers, and providesone-stop-shopping for those who want to learn how to do it orunderstand how others have done it. The detailed coverage ofeach step in the process allows a student to learn the techniquecompletely while fully understanding the logic and intellectualgoals of the enterprise. Most importantly, the authors reviewtechniques from a range of disciplines, drawing most of theirpositive suggestions from the field of medical statistics ratherthan the social sciences. The examples and applications, onthe other hand, stem from the world of government and publicpolicy. Four chapters provide new syntheses of research onindividual policies using the techniques and practices introducedin the earlier chapters. The result is original research, astrong argument for the value of meta-analysis in a field(political science and public administration) that uses it little,and a complete tool-kit for those who would want to apply thesepowerful ideas on their own. A very impressive and usefultext.” —Frank R. Baumgartner Richard J. Richardson Distinguished Professor Department ofPolitical Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill “Meta-analysis is a valuable tool for accumulatingknowledge about how management matters from across a range ofpolicy areas and disciplines. It is also an underused tool, inlarge part because of the lack of a comprehensive and useable guideon the topic. Ringquist remedies this problem by offering clearinstruction on how to apply the technique wisely, as well as highlyuseful empirical demonstrations. The field of public managementneeds this excellent book.” —Donald Moynihan Professor of Public Affairs University ofWisconsin-Madison “Professors and students frequently face decisions abouthow deeply to invest in a statistical procedure, a new technology,a new theory, or some other development in their discipline. The authors of Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policysupport such a decision about meta-analysis by making a convincingcase for its value and increasing utilization, including such stepsas a careful consideration of criticisms of the method. EvanRingquist then provides clearly, engagingly written chapters on themajor concepts, procedures, and issues in the techniques ofmeta-analysis. His coauthors then provideeffectively-presented examples of meta-analytic studies about suchtopics as school voucher effectiveness, public service motivationand performance, and public sector performance management. The accessible and reader-friendly explanations, coupled with theillustrative examples that walk the reader through how to do it,make this a distinctively effective methodological text. Inso doing, it offers a distinctively valuable resource for those ofus who want to learn more about this important statisticalmethod.” —Hal Rainey Alumni Foundation Distinguished Professor Department of PublicAdministration and Policy University of Georgia “James Heckman’s Nobel lecture described thecombined influence of micro surveys, advances in computers andsoftware, and the development and dissemination of multivariatestatistical methods on applied economic research. His commentsapply equally well to empirical research throughout the socialsciences. These forces have created a “flood ofnumbers” and advances in technology since he wrote about themhave assured that the process is accelerating. We need to transformthe ways we learn from empirical analyses and create a science forthe analysis of the secondary data from applied statistical andeconometric models. This science would include methods forsummarizing what has been learned from estimates and tests. Itwould provide methods for diagnostic screening of results to gaugethe importance of modeling assumptions and the types of primarydata for the findings being reported. Finally, it may well lead tothe development of meta-models—integrating findings intendedto describe a single system but viewed thru distinctive empiricallenses. Meta-analysis is a method that takes an important step indeveloping this science. It is a collection of methods that is aproduct of the transformation in applied research in the past halfcentury. Initially much of this research was the domain of socialscientists working on the evaluation of educational interventions.In these applications the primary data from different studies wereroutinely available, but the outcome and control variables differedacross studies. As a result, the focus for these meta-analyses wason data combination with multiple, distinctive measures for assetof latent variables associated with the hypothesized underlyingprocess. The texts describing meta-analysis focused on thesesituations. As applications of meta-analysis expanded to economics,political science, and sociology, the data structures changed. Thenew data came from empirical models –as estimated parametersor summaries of test results. The challenges posed in developingthese types of data and understanding what they reveal weredistinctly different. A text developed by scholars who appreciatehow these types of summaries are different was missing untilRingquist and Anderson’s Meta Analysis for Public Managementand Policy. Explaining a process that blends the best ofqualitative and quantitative research is a challenge. This book hasmet this challenge and delivered researchers a great platform forteaching these methods to their students and for updating their ownskills. At least four features distinguish this book: 1. The authors display a clear understanding of thestrengths and the weaknesses of meta- analysis. Their treatmentdescribes how care in data construction, variable coding, relevantstatistical methods and, especially, careful attention tointerpreting the findings from a meta-analysis can reinforce thestrengths and mitigate the weaknesses. 2. There are real examples presented throughout the book alongwith a genuine understanding of the importance of the details indeveloping meta-analyses. 3. The coverage of relevant statistical methods iscomprehensive and clear. And 4. The Appendices offer the detail researchers need to see inorder to genuinely learn how to use meta analytic methods. It should be in the library of every serious teacher orpractitioner”—V. Kerry Smith Regents Professor and W.P.Carey Professor Department of Economics Arizona StateUniversity “There are several texts for meta-analysis available, mostnotably “The Handbook of Research Synthesis andMeta-Analysis” by Cooper, Hedges and Valentine, but nonespecifically directed to public administration and policyscholars. In fact the points of emphasis and examples make theexisting texts both difficult and poorly suited for the appliedsocial sciences. Ringquist’s book is a spectacularsuccess in filling this lacuna. Ringquist provides a clearer encapsulation of “thebasics” in its opening section, and the “basics”are tailored to “problem-oriented” policy sciences(noting for instance, that meta-analyses in public management andpolicy will almost always use random-effects overfixed-effects). The empirical examples woven throughout aswell as the actual analyses on PSM and school vouchers areexceptionally useful in identifying the stages of theprocess. At the same time, the book doesn’t spare thegritty details of confronting commonly required procedures, likebootstrapping and dealing with clustered robust SE, hierarchicalmodeling, etc. For readers with no exposure to meta-analysis, thetext eases the transition by offering a refresher on howstatistical techniques are used in original research, then how theydiffer when used in meta-analysis. Ringquist offers guidelines for syntheses, formulating problems,data evaluation, turning studies into data, techniques inmeta-analysis, “the language of meta-analysis”,coding strategies and publication bias. The author also notes thatthe context and even techniques of meta-analysis are different forpublic management and public policy compared with medicine andpsychology, and education. Public administration and policyanalysis provide great opportunities for meta-analysis, butthese fields also present considerable challenge. Great careis needed in synthesizing differently designed studies, which areobservational and quasi-experimental or correlational designs,because the statistics of meta-analysis were originally developedto synthesize results from experiment design. Measurement issuesare tricky because authentic scales are used less frequently thanin psychology or medical research. In addition PA and policyas fields of scholarship are diverse and eclectic in researchdesign which makes comparison of parameter estimates exceedinglydifficult. Ringquist adroitly compiles an approach to meta-analysis adapted to reflect thiscontext. While Section 1 consists of seven chapters, which discussestechniques of meta-analysis, Section 2 including Chapters 8, 9, 10and 11 illustrates actual studies using meta-analysis conducted inpublic management and policy research: evaluating the effectivenessof educational vouchers, performance management in public sector,the effects of federal poverty deconcentration efforts on economicself-sufficiency and problematic behaviors, and the relationshipbetween public service motivation and performance. The book is an easier read than other texts in it guides fromproject inception through lit review and analysis in a mannertailored to policy and management, and it actually provides a muchmore accessible and thorough coverage of many of the basic buildingblocks, random effects, r-based effect sizes, and bootstrapping,making it far more indispensable for any PA meta-analysis. The check-lists for coding articles are especially useful.Provision of Stata commands and practical data managementsuggestions (creating a command file for data set transformations,for instance) is a great advantage for this text. Adding anaddendum with R programming options, in the next edition might behelpful too. The conclusion both compelling and concise but Iwould like to have seen some of the arguments presented here at thebeginning of the book, reserving the conclusion for a fullerencapsulation of what the overall strategy of the book accomplishesin stages – rebutting criticisms that meta-analysis in socialscience is a waste of time because study estimates arenon-comparable and effect sizes non-independent with carefulexamination of research design and models. This book is essential reading for any scholar in publicadministration and policy considering undertakingmeta-analysis. I expect it will gain many readers in othersocial science disciplines as well. For serious users ofmeta-analysis Ringquist’s book will not be the only one onthe shelf, but it is a valuable addition.” —Richard Feiock Augustus B. Turnbull Professor Askew School of PublicAdministration and Policy Florida State University