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Understanding Violent Criminals Insights From The Front Lines Of Law Enforcement

Author: David J. Thomas Ph.D.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440829268
Size: 42.82 MB
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What causes people to commit violent crimes? The case studies in this book enable readers to evaluate the motivations behind crimes ranging from arson to rape to gang violence. • Provides compelling insight into criminals who commit the acts of robbery, rape, murder, crimes against children, human trafficking, gang violence, and arson • Presents case studies and unpublished studies to discuss issues such as victim selection, belief systems, motivations, and decision making • Brings to light the psychological trauma that the victims of crimes experience and the impact that these experiences have on their personal and professional lives • Allows readers to compare and contrast the typologies of each of the criminals discussed in the text as well as the associated theories in order to identify any commonalities • Ideally suited for criminal justice students, police officers and investigators, private investigators, criminal justice professors, forensic psychologists, criminologists, and anyone with an interest in criminal behavior

Racial Battle Fatigue Insights From The Front Lines Of Social Justice Advocacy

Author: Jennifer L. Martin
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440832102
Size: 44.92 MB
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Covering equity issues of sex, race, class, age, sexual orientation, and disability, this work presents creative, nontraditional narratives about performing social justice work, acknowledging the contributions of previous generations, describing current challenges, and appealing to readers to join the struggle toward a better world. • Details personal stories of the struggles of social justice advocacy work in the field and in the academy • Addresses the myth of post-racial America and realities of ongoing white supremacy • Explains the challenges and methods of teaching about racism in the current media and popular culture • Presents a diverse group of authors detailing disparate perspectives and experiences • Advises students, novice scholars, and practitioners interested in engaging in social justice work

Mental Health Crime And Criminal Justice

Author: Jane Winstone
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137453885
Size: 64.31 MB
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It has long been known that the pathway through the criminal justice system for those with mental health needs is fraught with difficulty. This interdisciplinary collection explores key issues in mental health, crime and criminal justice, including: offenders' rights; intervention designs; desistance; health-informed approaches to offending and the medical needs of offenders; psychological jurisprudence, and; collaborative and multi-agency practice. This volume draws on the knowledge of professionals and academics working in this field internationally, as well as the experience of service users. It offers a solution-focused response to these issues, and promotes both equality and quality of experience for service users. It will be essential reading for practitioners, scholars and students with an interest in forensic mental health and criminal justice.

The Tough On Crime Myth

Author: Peter T. Elikann
Publisher: Insight Books Incorporated
ISBN: 9780306454035
Size: 16.55 MB
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The Tough-on-Crime Myth: Real Solutions to Cut Crime persuasively argues that an increasing reliance on prisons, as the primal weapon in fighting crime, has not only proven ineffective but has also increased crime and endangered the public. Peter Elikann, a noted criminal defense attorney and policy analyst, attests that violent criminals certainly should be incarcerated; however, the unprecedented use of prisons to punish first-time nonviolent offenders is severely depleting local and national crime-fighting dollars. According to a recent American Psychological Association study, 94 percent of violent crime-fighting funds is spent, not on prevention, but on punishment - back-end versus front-end spending - which does little to assure frightened citizens of their safety and even less to satisfy the victims and their embittered families. As a cost-effective alternative to incarcerating nonviolent offenders, the author proposes a stringent policy whereby offenders report for a rigorous daily regimen of community service work, job training, rehabilitation, and civic restitution. This alternative suggests - not with regard to the rights or comfort of criminals - that there is a way to lower the rearrest rate at a fraction of the cost of imprisonment, increase public safety, and make more prison space available for violent or repeat offenders. Mr. Elikann arrives at this premise by weaving together available research and listening to those on the frontline of crime-fighting: the police, the prison wardens, and the prosecutors.

Death Work

Author: Vincent E. Henry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198035848
Size: 16.50 MB
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In this fascinating new book, Vincent Henry (a 21-year veteran of the NYPD who recently retired to become a university professor) explores the psychological transformations and adaptations that result from police officers' encounters with death. Police can encounter death frequently in the course of their duties, and these encounters may range from casual contacts with the deaths of others to the most profound and personally consequential confrontations with their own mortality. Using the 'survivor psychology' model as its theoretical base, this insightful and provocative research ventures into a previously unexplored area of police psychology to illuminate and explore the new modes of adaptation, thought, and feeling that result from various types of death encounters in police work. The psychology of survival asserts that the psychological world of the survivor--one who has come in close physical or psychic contact with death but nevertheless managed to live--is characterized by five themes: psychic numbing, death guilt, the death imprint, suspicion of counterfeit nurturance, and the struggle to make meaning. These themes become manifest in the survivor's behavior, permeating his or her lifestyle and worldview. Drawing on extensive interviews with police officers in five nominal categories--rookie officers, patrol sergeants, crime scene technicians, homicide detectives, and officers who survived a mortal combat situation in which an assailant or another officer died--Henry identifies the impact such death encounters have upon the individual, the police organization, and the occupational culture of policing. He has produced a comprehensive and highly textured interpretation of police psychology and police behavior, bolstered by the unique insights that come from his personal experience as an officer, his intimate familiarity with the subtleties and nuances of the police culture's value and belief systems, and his meticulous research and rigorous method. Death Work provides a unique prism through which to view the individual, organizational, and social dynamics of contemporary urban policing. With a foreword by Robert Jay Lifton and a chapter devoted to the local police response to the World Trade Center attacks, Death Work will be of interest to psychologists and criminal justice experts, as well as police officers eager to gain insight into their unique relationship to death.

Understanding Criminal Investigation

Author: Stephen Tong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470682371
Size: 63.76 MB
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This comprehensive volume deciphers investigative process and practice, providing an authoritative insight into key debates and contemporary issues in crime investigations Provides critical examination of investigative practice by focusing on the key issues and debates underpinned by academic literature on crime investigation Outlines the theoretical explanations that provide an understanding of crime investigation and the context in which investigators operate Illustrates the practical relevance of theoretical contributions to crime investigation Places clear emphasis on the multi-disciplinary nature of crime investigation

Criminal Behavior

Author: Jacqueline B. Helfgott
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412904870
Size: 48.75 MB
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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Between Good And Evil

Author: Roger L. Depue
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0759513279
Size: 52.52 MB
Format: PDF
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He was a pioneer in modern law enforcement, a trailblazing leader in the hunt for serial killers. But after decades of staring deep into the darkness, he entered a seminary to search for the good... BETWEEN GOOD AND EVIL No one gets closer to evil than a criminal profiler, trained to penetrate the hearts and minds of society's most vicious psychopaths. And no one is a more towering figure in the world of criminal profilers than Roger L. Depue. Chief of the FBI Behavioral Science Unit at a time when its innovative work first came to prominence, he headed a renowned team of mind hunters that included John Douglas, Robert Ressler, and Roy Hazelwood. In a subbasement sixty feet under the Academy gun vault in Quantico, he broke new ground with analytical techniques and training programs that are still used today. After retiring from the FBI, he founded an elite forensics group that consulted on high-profile cases, including the Martha Moxley and JonBenet Ramsey murders, and the Columbine school shootings. But coming face-to-face with the darkest deeds human beings are capable of took a horrific toll. After suffering a devastating personal loss, Depue, on the brink of despair, walked away from the outside world and joined a seminary. For three years this was his safe haven, a place where he exorcised personal demons and found a refuge from terrifying memories of real-life monsters. And it was there, while counseling maximum security inmates, that he rediscovered the capacity for goodness in people, and made the decision to return to the world to resume his work. Here is Depue's extraordinary personal account, from growing up as a police officer's son to tracking down some of today's most brutal murderers. With its harrowing descriptions of human depravity and passionate call to fight against evil, BETWEEN GOOD AND EVIL is both a riveting dispatch from the front lines of a war against human predators...and the powerful story of one man's journey between darkness and redemption.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Size: 51.18 MB
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Violent Offenders

Author: Matt DeLisi
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763754792
Size: 33.44 MB
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Violent Offenders: Theory, Research, Public Policy And Practice Provides The Latest Information To Help Students Understand The Many Different Types Of Violent Offenders We Hear About In The Media Daily, From Homicide And Sex Offenders To Financial Predators And Street Criminals To Serial Killers And Career Criminals. The Authors Have Compiled Original Scholarship From An International Collection Of Applied And Academic Criminologists To Provide Students With A Realistic And Cutting-Edge View Of Why People Commit Violent Crimes And How Our Criminal Justice System, As A Whole, Responds To These Offenders And These Violent Acts. The Text Is Divided Into Three Sections. Part One Covers The Theoretical And Disciplinary Foundations Of The Study Of Violent Behavior, Spanning The Disciplines Of Sociology, Psychology, Biology, And Neuroscience. Part Two Discusses Empirical And Topical Linkages To Criminological Subjects, Including Homicide Offenders And Victims, Sex Offenders, And Gang Members. Part Three Explores Public Policy And Practical Applications Describing The Various Ways That Criminal Justice Systems Respond To Violent Offenders From The Insightful Perspectives Of People Who Work Among Violent Offenders On A Daily Basis.