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Unexpected Circumstances In European Contract Law

Author: Ewoud Hondius
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139501151
Size: 17.47 MB
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The recent financial crisis has questioned whether existing contracts may be adapted, terminated or renegotiated as a result of unexpected circumstances. The question is not a new one. In medieval times the notion of clausula rebus sic stantibus was developed to cope with such situations, and Germany introduced the theory of Wegfall der Geschäftsgrundlage. In England, the Coronation cases provided one possible answer. This comparative study explores the possibility of classifying jurisdictions as 'open' or 'closed' in this regard.

Unexpected Circumstances In European Contract Law Introduction 2 Legal History 3 Law And Economics Part Ii The Case Studies 4 Questionnaire 5 Overview Concepts Dealing With Unexpected Circumstances 6 The Case Studies Part Iii General Comparative Remarks

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ISBN: 9781139038676
Size: 12.32 MB
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The recent financial crisis has questioned whether existing contracts may be adapted, terminated or renegotiated as a result of unexpected circumstances. The question is not a new one. In medieval times the notion of clausula rebus sic stantibus was developed to cope with such situations, and Germany introduced the theory of Wegfall der Geschaftsgrundlage. In England, the Coronation cases provided one possible answer. This comparative study explores the possibility of classifying jurisdictions as 'open' or 'closed' in this regard.

Commentaries On European Contract Laws

Author: Nils Jansen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192508016
Size: 32.99 MB
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The book provides rule-by-rule commentaries on European contract law (general contract law, consumer contract law, the law of sale and related services), dealing with its modern manifestations as well as its historical and comparative foundations. After the collapse of the European Commission's plans to codify European contract law it is timely to reflect on what has been achieved over the past three to four decades, and for an assessment of the current situation. In particular, the production of a bewildering number of reference texts has contributed to a complex picture of European contract laws rather than a European contract law. The present book adopts a broad perspective and an integrative approach. All relevant reference texts (from the CISG to the Draft Common European Sales Law) are critically examined and compared with each other. As far as the acquis commun (ie the traditional private law as laid down in the national codifications) is concerned, the Principles of European Contract Law have been chosen as a point of departure. The rules contained in that document have, however, been complemented with some chapters, sections, and individual provisions drawn from other sources, primarily in order to account for the quickly growing acquis communautaire in the field of consumer contract law. In addition, the book ties the discussion concerning the reference texts back to the pertinent historical and comparative background; and it thus investigates whether, and to what extent, these texts can be taken to be genuinely European in nature, ie to constitute a manifestation of a common core of European contract law. Where this is not the case, the question is asked whether, and for what reasons, they should be seen as points of departure for the further development of European contract law.

The Common Core Of European Private Law

Author: Mauro Bussani
Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl
ISBN: 9789041118523
Size: 28.95 MB
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European private law is in the making. Many scholarly and official projects tackle the many issues that are open in the path of the unfolding of a more uniform European legal culture. None of such projects has been as thorough and patient in trying to develop a general knowledge on how things are today in the landscape of European Private Law as the 'Common Core of European Private Law Project', launched in Trento, Italy in 1993 with the direct involvement of the Late Professor R.B. Schlesinger. Within the Common Core Project, over 200 professionals apply a painstaking comparative analysis of European legal systems in the domain of Contracts, Property and Torts. Every year in Trento leading scholars address the plenary session where the active participants convene to discuss methodological and practical problems that emerge from their collective comparative effort. This book is a collection of the views of the importance and stakes of the making of European Private Law as presented in the papers delivered at the Trento plenary sessions.

Mistake Fraud And Duties To Inform In European Contract Law

Author: Ruth Sefton-Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442961
Size: 40.76 MB
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This 2005 examination of twelve case studies about mistake, fraud and duties to inform reveals significant differences about how contract law works in thirteen European legal systems and, despite the fact that the solutions proposed are often similar, what divergent values underlie the legal rules. Whereas some jurisdictions recognise increasing duties to inform in numerous contracts so that the destiny of mistake and fraud (classical defects of consent) may appear to be uncertain, other jurisdictions continue to refuse such duties as a general rule or fail to recognise the need to protect one of the parties where there is an imbalance in bargaining power or information. Avoiding preconceptions as to where and why these differences exist, this book first examines the historical origins and development of defects of consent, then considers the issues from a comparative and critical standpoint.

Good Faith In European Contract Law

Author: Simon Whittaker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521771900
Size: 79.47 MB
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For some Western European legal systems the principle of good faith has proved central to the development of their law of contracts, while in others it has been marginalized or even rejected. This book starts by surveying the use or neglect of good faith in these legal systems and explaining its historical origins. The central part of the book takes thirty situations which would, in some legal systems, attract the application of good faith, analyses them according to fifteen national legal systems and assesses the practical significance of both the principle of good faith and its relationship to other contractual and non-contractual doctrines and forms of regulation in each situation. The book concludes by explaining how European lawyers, whether from a civil or common law background, may need to come to terms with the principle of good faith. This was the first completed project of The Common Core of European Private Law launched at the University of Trento.

Common Core Pecl And Dcfr Could They Change Shipping And Transport Law

Author: Wouter Verheyen
Publisher: Intersentia
ISBN: 9781780683324
Size: 30.61 MB
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The international character of shipping and transport has always been a great incubator for harmonization of law. There has been an increased interest within the EU on the harmonization of general private law, with different harmonization instruments coming into existence, such as common core, the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL), and the Draft of a Common Frame of Reference (DCFR). Even though both shipping and transport law and these harmonization instruments aim to further harmonize private law, the potential interplay between them has never been examined thoroughly in doctrine. In this book, the possible impact of these private law harmonization instruments on shipping and transport law is assessed. The book investigates whether harmonization instruments can contribute to uniformity of shipping and transport law in fields where such uniformity is currently lacking. Secondly, it looks at whether the current instruments or a future European private law could change (inter)- national shipping and transport law. This cross-fertilization between shipping law and harmonization instruments makes this book not only valuable for shipping lawyers, but also for anyone interested in the harmonization of private law. (Series: Ius Commune Europaeum - Vol. 136) [Subject: European Law, Private Law, Shipping Law, Transportation Law]

Causation In European Tort Law

Author: Marta Infantino
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108418368
Size: 12.69 MB
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This book takes an original and comparative approach to issues of causation in tort law across many European legal systems.