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Unicef United Nations Children S Fund

Author: Richard Jolly
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317747739
Size: 44.91 MB
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This book provides an in-depth analysis of UNICEF’s development and operations, whilst exploring the significance of UNICEF’s achievements and the reasons behind them. UNICEF is one of the best known organizations of the United Nations system and the oldest of the UN’s development funds. It is also the part of the UN which consistently receives support from all countries round the world, including the United States. This book brings out the wider reasons for UNICEF’s success and popularity, setting them in the context of UNICEF’s evolution since 1946 and drawing lessons for other international organizations. The book argues that, despite its problems, international action for children, built substantially on non-economic foundations, is not only possible, but can be highly successful in mobilizing support, producing results and making a difference to the lives of millions of children. This will be of great interest to all scholars of international organisations, development, human rights and the United Nations system.

Unicef Caught In A Hypocrisy Loop

Author: Julia K. Hagn
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845282711
Size: 61.36 MB
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Anhand tiefgehender Einblicke in die Arbeitsweise von UNICEF werden unbeabsichtigte, dysfunktionale Institutionalisierungsprozesse in Organisationen untersucht. So ist die Trennung von Rhetorik und Handlung, in der Literatur bekannt als "Organized Hypocrisy", ein ebenso nützliches wie gefährliches Instrument. Während diese Strategie einerseits dazu beiträgt, das Überleben einer Organisation zu sichern, verursacht sie andererseits eine Fragmentierung ihrer Struktur, die zu einem unentrinnbaren "Hypocrisy Loop" führt. Die Konsequenzen wirken sich nachteilig auf die interne Arbeitswelt wie auch die externe Leistungserbringung aus. Die Studie widerlegt somit die Annahme, dass "Organized Hypocrisy" per se funktional ist. Durch das Aufzeigen der Dynamiken, die entstehen, wenn Rhetorik und Handlung über Jahre getrennt werden, schließt das entwickelte Modell eine Lücke im soziologischen Institutionalismus, dem eine plausible Theorie über Institutionalisierungsprozesse in Organisationen fehlt.

Global Governance

Author: Kristin Dawkins
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609802233
Size: 53.14 MB
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In Global Governance, policy analyst Kristin Dawkins offers a refreshingly hopeful and astute roadmap towards a democratic future, framing the respective roles and accomplishments of corporations, governments, and citizen activists in light of the day-to-day needs of communities around the world. Written with an eye to the realities of power, Global Governance explores the origins and current state of play in the major global institutions, the rising dominance of global corporations and the growing wealth of the world’s political elite. In describing the impacts of international trade, aid and development loans on Southern economies and communities, Dawkins carefully explains the way governmental policies overseas become instruments of coercion in the context of globalization. Writing with a passionate commitment to justice and democracy, Dawkins points out that the U.S. government is becoming increasingly hostile to the UN – even though many of the UN’s institutions and treaties were designed to address poverty and the other problems created by globalization. At a time when the UN’s very survival is being questioned, Global Governance is an urgent call to revitalize multilateralism and to build powerful new tools for democratic global governance.

Global Health Governance

Author: Obijiofor Aginam
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802080006
Size: 59.36 MB
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Drawing from a wide range of disciplines, "Global Health Governance" offers a holistic approach to global health governance involving a multiplicity of actors: nation-states, international organizations, civil society organizations, and private actors.

Boundaries Of Contagion

Author: Evan S. Lieberman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691140193
Size: 44.99 MB
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Why have governments responded to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such different ways? During the past quarter century, international agencies and donors have disseminated vast resources and a set of best practice recommendations to policymakers around the globe. Yet the governments of developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean continue to implement widely varying policies. Boundaries of Contagion is the first systematic, comparative analysis of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The book explores the political challenges of responding to a stigmatized condition, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and informal institutions that divide societies--as a central influence on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways in which risk and social competition get mapped onto well-institutionalized patterns of ethnic politics. Where strong ethnic boundaries fragment societies into groups, the politics of AIDS are more likely to involve blame and shame-avoidance tactics against segments of the population. In turn, government leaders of such countries respond far less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case studies of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three developing countries that face significant AIDS epidemics--are complemented by statistical analyses of the policy responses of Indian states and over seventy developing countries. The studies conclude that varied patterns of ethnic competition shape how governments respond to this devastating problem. The author considers the implications for governments and donors, and the increasing tendency to identify social problems in ethnic terms.

Human Rights In Global Health

Author: Benjamin Mason Meier
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190672676
Size: 58.34 MB
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Institutions matter for the advancement of human rights in global health. Given the dramatic development of human rights under international law and the parallel proliferation of global institutions for public health, there arises an imperative to understand the implementation of human rights through global health governance. This volume examines the evolving relationship between human rights, global governance, and public health, studying an expansive set of health challenges through a multi-sectoral array of global organizations. To analyze the structural determinants of rights-based governance, the organizations in this volume include those international bureaucracies that implement human rights in ways that influence public health in a globalizing world. This volume brings together leading health and human rights scholars and practitioners from academia, non-governmental organizations, and the United Nations system. They explore the foundations of human rights as a normative framework for global health governance, the mandate of the World Health Organization to pursue a human rights-based approach to health, the role of inter-governmental organizations across a range of health-related human rights, the influence of rights-based economic governance on public health, and the focus on global health among institutions of human rights governance. Contributing chapters each map the distinct human rights efforts within a specific institution of global governance for health. Through the comparative institutional analysis in this volume, the contributing authors examine institutional dynamics to operationalize human rights in organizational policies, programs, and practices and assess institutional factors that facilitate or inhibit human rights mainstreaming for global health advancement.

An Introduction To Global Studies

Author: Patricia J. Campbell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444329588
Size: 33.57 MB
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Taking an interdisciplinary approach, An Introduction to Global Studies presents readers with a solid introduction to the complex, interconnected forces and issues confronting today's globalized world. Introduces readers to major theories, key terms, concepts, and notable theorists Equips readers with the basic knowledge and conceptual tools necessary for thinking critically about the complex issues facing the global community Includes a variety of supplemental features to facilitate learning and enhance readers' understanding of the material

Advancing The Human Right To Health

Author: José M. Zuniga
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637645
Size: 27.42 MB
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Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.

The Un And Development

Author: Olav Stokke
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253003326
Size: 58.63 MB
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The UN and Development provides the first comprehensive overview of the development policies and activities of the United Nations system from the late 1940s to the present. With an explicit focus on the history of the ideas that have been generated, institutionalized, and implemented by UN organizations, this book examines changing trends in development paradigms from the concept of technical assistance to underdeveloped countries, as they were called in the late 1940s, to development cooperation in the 21st century. Olav Stokke traces this fascinating story and demonstrates the UN's essential role and its future challenges in aiding the least developed countries and the globe's billion poorest inhabitants.