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Universities In Transition

Author: Bo Göransson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441975096
Size: 42.96 MB
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Globalization, the information age, and the rise of the knowledge-based economy are significantly transforming the way we acquire, disseminate, and transform knowledge. And, as a result, knowledge production is becoming closer and more directly linked to economic competitiveness. This evolution is also putting new and urgent demands on academic institutions to adjust to the changing needs of society and economy. In particular, there is growing pressure on the institutions of higher education and research in developed economies to find and affirm their new role in the national innovation system. Their counterparts in developing economies need to define their role in supporting emerging structures of the innovation system. This book examines the role of universities and national research institutes in social and economic development processes. Featuring contributions that showcase initiatives and innovations from around the world, including China, Eastern Europe, Latin America, Scandinavia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Western Europe, it offers timely insight that will be of interest to policymakers, university administrators, economic and social leaders, and researchers alike.

Developmental Universities In Inclusive Innovation Systems

Author: Rodrigo Arocena
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319641522
Size: 34.16 MB
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This book analyzes the current trends in the production, dissemination, and use of knowledge which contribute to social inequalities, especially in the Global South. The aim of the text is to explore the possibilities of active involvement by universities in the democratization of knowledge - a process by which people will be able to more easily acquire and utilize knowledge, as well as the results and benefits of research and development. Combining higher education, research, and knowledge utilization is what universities should be doing. When they efficiently contribute to overcoming inequality and underdevelopment, they may be considered developmental universities. They should not function in solitude with privileged elites alone, but in the context of "inclusive innovation systems."

Konzepte Und Wirkungen Des Transfers Dualer Berufsausbildung

Author: Michael Gessler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658231858
Size: 76.16 MB
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Der Sammelband führt die verschiedenen Facetten der Transferforschung der international vergleichenden Berufsbildungsforschung zusammen. Dabei werden sowohl Befunde aus Projekten und länderbasierten Studien diskutiert als auch theoretische sowie pragmatische Ansätze referiert. Das Werk bietet somit einen umfassenden Überblick über die aktuellen Erkenntnisse und greift dabei auch historische Entwicklungen sowie interdisziplinäre Ansätze auf.

Innovation Regional Integration And Development In Africa

Author: Samuel Ojo Oloruntoba
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319921800
Size: 25.21 MB
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This edited volume discusses the role of innovation and regional integration in economic development in Africa. Over the past five decades, post-colonial African countries have struggled to break loose from the trap of poverty and underdevelopment through the adoption of various development strategies at regional, national, and continental levels. However, the results of both national and regional efforts at advancing development on the continent have been mixed. Although the importance of agglomeration and fusion of institutions have long been recognized as possible path to achieving economic development in Africa, the approach to regionalism has been unduly focused on market integration, while neglecting other dimensions such as social policy, mobility of labor, educational policy, biotechnology, regional legislation, manufacturing, innovation, and science and technology. This volume investigates the link between innovation, regional integration, and development in Africa, arguing that the immediate and long term development of Africa lies not just in the structural transformation of its economies but in the advancement of scientific and innovation capacities. The book is divided into four parts. Part I addresses the theoretical and conceptual underpinnings of innovation and regional integration in Africa. Part II presents case studies which examine how regional economic institutions are fostering innovation in Africa. Part III of the book deals with sectoral issues on innovation and integrated development in Africa. Part IV sets the future research on innovation, regional integration, and development in Africa. Combining theoretical analysis and a comparative, interdisciplinary approach, this volume is appropriate for researchers and students interested in economic development, political economy, African studies, international relations, agricultural science, and geography, as well as policymakers in regional economic communities and the African Union.

Higher Education Institutions In A Global Warming World The Transition Of Higher Education Institutions To A Low Carbon Economy

Author: Azeiteiro, Ulisses M.
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793609205
Size: 60.31 MB
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Higher Education Institutions in a Global Warming World aims to contribute to the global debate on Sustainability in Higher Education, and in particular to the transition of Higher Education Institutions to a Low Carbon Economy. The transition of Higher Education Institutions towards a Low Carbon Economy is aligned with the Paris Agreement, and with Sustainable Development Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. It is also consistent with the European Commission´s Climate strategies and targets and with the aims of the European Climate Change Program. Transitioning to a low carbon economy represents one of the most significant and urgent challenges we are facing, and Universities have a critical role to play in fostering a low carbon future, especially by developing innovative solutions. This book intends to be a contribution to this discussion about Sustainability in Higher Education, namely the transition of Higher Education Institutions to a Low Carbon Economy.

Rethinking Development Challenges For Public Policy

Author: K. Hanson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230393276
Size: 78.58 MB
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Covers topical issues for Africa's development, economics and politics of climate change, water management, public service delivery, and delivering aid. The authors argue that these issues should be included in the post-MDG paradigm and add an important voice to recent moves by academics and practitioners to engage with each other.

Contemporary Issues In International Business

Author: Davide Castellani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319702203
Size: 70.22 MB
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The ACADEMY OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (UK and Ireland Chapter) Published in association with the UK and Ireland Chapter of the Academy of International Business. This brand new edited collection addresses the growing uncertainty and socio-economic challenges of globalisation and its profound implications for the strategies and operations of multinational enterprises (MNEs). Responding to the new balance in international business, the authors offer valuable insights into the co-evolutionary processes involved in headquarters-subsidiary relationships, the need for novel strategies by MNEs to retain competitive advantage, improve performance and contribute to the global economy.

No More Free Lunch

Author: Claes Brundenius
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319009184
Size: 56.31 MB
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In September 2010, the Cuban government decided to embark on an economic reform program, unprecedented after the Revolution in 1959. This opened up opportunities for Cuban economists and scholars to participate in the development of the reform program. Thanks to grants from SSRC (Social Sciences Research Council, New York) and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, several researchers from the Cuban think tank CEEC (Center for Studies of the Cuban Economy, Havana) got an opportunity to visit countries that could be of interest for the reform process, notably Vietnam, but also Brazil, South Africa and Norway. The result of these field visits and a subsequent workshop involving contributions from Cuban as well as non-Cuban scholars, this volume showcases unprecedented new insights into the process and prospects for reform along many dimensions, including foreign direct investment, import substitution, entrepreneurship and business creation, science and technology development, and fiscal policies. The resulting analysis, in a comparative perspective, provides a framework for future research as well as for business practice and policymaking.