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Unobtrusive Measures

Author: Eugene J. Webb
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761920113
Size: 25.38 MB
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Thirty-five years ago, the four authors of this book addressed the problem of validity in social science research. This revised edition builds on the earlier version's drive to justify novel techniques of survey and archival research. Richly illustrated throughout, the purpose of this book is to authorize and motivate ingenuity in obtaining information. The authors combine very different methods so that research results can withstand the `threats to validity' which so frequently invalidate single-measure, conventional research.

Doing Research In The Business World

Author: David E Gray
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473987946
Size: 73.56 MB
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Get 12 months FREE access to an interactive eBook* when you buy the paperback! (Print paperback version only, ISBN 9781473938434) Grounded in actual research and supported by the author’s 25 years of experience teaching business and management students, this book is designed especially for students and researchers in business looking to do practical research, and introduces them to the reality of conducting research for the classroom or the boardroom. The reader is guided through each step of the research process including all the tools they need to collect, analyse and present data and given advice on how to identify, design and complete appropriate projects, enabling them to develop their own research and maximize its impact. Global examples are included throughout from international markets and across the Business and Management discipline. Packed full of learning features and complimented by a free interactive eBook* that includes author video chapter introductions, top tips and skills, real world advice, templates and examples of published research, real world data sets, MCQs, PowerPoint slides, student exercises and journal articles, as well as employability advice and guidance on different types of assessment and dissemination, allowing access on the go and encouraging learning and retention whatever the reading or learning style. Suitable for anyone intending to conduct research in a variety of business contexts such as Management, Marketing, HRM and Organizational Studies *interactivity only available through Vitalsource eBook

Evaluationsforschung

Author: Reinhard Stockmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322922294
Size: 60.88 MB
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Evaluation in Deutschland bietet ein sehr vielfältiges und buntes Bild. In vielen Politikfeldern wird aus den verschiedensten Motiven und Gründen und mit den unterschiedlichsten Ansätzen und Methoden evaluiert. Dennoch wird der Erfolg und die Wirksamkeit der weit überwiegenden Mehrzahl von politi schen und sozialen Interventionsprogrammen überhaupt nicht eruiert. Wie derholt hat der Bundesrechnungshof festgestellt, daß in Deutschland nur sel ten Erfolgskontrollen durchgeführt werden, daß in fast allen Ressorts dafür die Voraussetzungen fehlen und daß in den wenigen durchgeführten Evalua tionen oft die vorhandenen methodischen Möglichkeiten zur Ermittlung von Erfolg und Wirksamkeit nicht ausgeschöpft werden. So bunt wie das Bild der Evaluation ist auch die Gilde derer, die Evalua tionen durchführen. Im Unterschied zur USA konnte sich in Deutschland bis her keine sozialwissenschaftliche Evaluationsdisziplin durchsetzen. Die Evaluationsforschung in Deutschland ist fachlich zersplittert. weist nur eine geringe interdisziplinäre Kommunikation und Zusammenarbeit auf und ist noch immer mit dem Makel anwendungsbezogener Auftragsforschung be haftet, deren Wissenschaftlichkeit teilweise bestritten wird. Allerdings lassen sich erste Professionalisierungserfolge erkennen. Im September 1997 wurde die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Evaluation gegründet. die es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht hat. das Verständnis, die Akzeptanz und die Nutzbarmachung von Evaluation in der Gesellschaft zu fördern, Prinzipien und Qualitätsstandards für Evaluationen zu entwickeln und den interdiszipli nären Austausch zu unterstützen. Auch ist eine vermehrte Zahl von Fachpu blikationen und ein verstärktes Interesse an Aus- und Weiterbildungsange boten zu beobachten.

Unobtrusive Measures

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781452243443
Size: 53.58 MB
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This completely rewritten and updated edition builds on the earlier version's drive to justify novel techniques of survey and archival research. The authors combine methods so that research results can withstand the threats to validity.

Social Surveys

Author: D. A. De Vaus
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 75.19 MB
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Social Surveys is the methods bible for social scientists using survey methods. It provides an unparalleled guide to the state of knowledge in the field and a key asset in practical survey know-how. A key method of information gathering in the social sciences, surveys provide a structured or systematic set of data. They explore issues of motivation, belief, social, political and economic practices and habits of life. Survey research seeks to discover what causes some phenomena by looking at variation in variables across cases and identifying characteristics that are systematically linked with it. In these four volumes, the distinguished author on research methods, David De Vaus has combed through the literature to provide readers with the essential contributions in the field. The collection is divided into 11 sections, making it a comprehensive guide to all social scientists using surveys: 1 Methodological Context of Surveys This section examines the qualitative-quantitative dichotomy; functionalism; feminism and positivism. The contributors include Alan Bryman on the debate about qualitative and quantitative research; Jennifer Platt on the relation between theory and method in functionalism; Anne Oakley on gender and people's ways of knowing; Christopher Bryant on instrumental positivism in the American Tradition; Marsh on survey epistemology and the adequacy of meaning; Blumer on sociological analysis and the `variable'. 2 Ethical Context This section is devoted to general ethical principles in survey research; privacy, confidentiality and consent; and disclosure in releasing tables and microdata sets. The contributors include Hartley on sampling and the threat to privacy; the Panel on Confidentiality and Data Access on private lives and public policies; Willenberg and de Waal on statistical disclosure control in practice. 3 Institutional Contexts This section explores the institutional location of survey research; the development of social survey institutions; research for government and using market research companies for academic research. Among the contributors are Fienberg and Tanur on a historical perspective on the institutional bases for survey research; Bulmer on social science research and policy-making in Britain; Wegner on establishing a dialogue and Payne and Harrop on social research and market research. 4 Research Designs This section examines the role of design and types of design; cross sectional designs; panel designs; comparative designs and official statistics. Included here are Stouffer on study design; Rose on household panel studies; Presser on social change; Duncan and Kalton on issues of design and analysis of surveys across time; Cantor on substantive implications of longitudinal design features; Mitchell on survey materials collected in the developing countries; the United States General Accounting Office on generating new information; and Bulmer on why sociologists do not make more use of official statistics. 5 Collecting Survey Data This section provides a critical overview of face-to-face interviews, telephone surveys, sampling, mail surveys, internet surveys, e-mail surveys, mixed mode surveying and data-sharing and secondary analysis. The contributors include Cannell and Miller on researching interviewing techniques; Beatty on understanding the standardized//non-standardized interviewing controversy; Groves on theories and methods of telephone surveys; Nicholls on computer-assisted telephone interviewing; Collins on sampling in telephone surveys; Dillman on the design and administration of mail surveys; Jenkins and Dillman on self-administered questionnaire design; Couper on web surveys; the National Council on Public Polls on Internet polls; MacElroy on measuring response rates in online surveys; Sheehan and Hoy on using e-mail surveys; Cho and LaRose on privacy issues in Internet survey work; Dillman on mixed mode approaches; and Kiecolt and Nathan on secondary analysis of survey data. 6 Sampling This section explores the history and types of sampling. The contributions include Sudman and Blair on sampling in the Twenty-First Century; Hansen on the development of survey sampling; Rothman and Mitchell on creativity and statistics; and Taylor on comparative methods of public opinion research. 7 Survey Error This section considers the nature and sources of survey error and includes contributions from Deming on survey errors and Groves on research on survey data quality 8 Measurement Error The section examines issues of reliability, validity, social desirability, acquiescence; social distance, gender, design based error, processing effects and reducing measurement error. The contributors are Schrieber on the reliability of `invariant' characteristics reported in surveys; Campbell and Fiske on convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix; Phillips and Clancy on some effects of `social desirability' in survey work; Grove and Geerken on response bias; McClendon on acquiescence and response order effects in interview surveys; Feldman and Hyman on interviewer effects; Northrup on gender of interviewer effects; de Leeuw and Hox on the effect of computer-assisted interviewing on data quality; Kalton and Schuman on the effect of the question on survey responses; Dex on the reliability of recall data; Jowell on the character of comparative research; Miles and Irvine on the faults of official statistics; Montgomery and Crittenden on improving coding reliability for open ended questions; Foddy on the in-depth testing of survey questions; and DeMaio on improving survey quality through pretesting. 9 Coverage Error This section investigates the extent to which surveys can access the required population. It examines coverage by telephone surveys, with quota samples and for rare populations. It includes contributions from the subcommittee of survey coverage on coverage errors occuring before sample selection; Link and Oldendick on call screening; O'Rourke and Blair on random respondent selection in telephone surveys; Marsh and Scarbrough on quota sampling; and Sudman and Kalton on sampling special populations. 10 Sampling Error This section examines sample size and sample type. It includes contributions from Austin on sample size and Sudman on probability sampling with quotas. 11 Non Response Error This section is devoted to questions of bias, mode effects and theories of non response. Contributors include van der Zouwen and de Leeuw on survey non response, measurement error and data quality; Goyder on socio-demographic determinants of response; Hawkins on the estimation of non response bias; Hox and de Leeuw on non response in mail, telephone and face-to-face surveys; Sharp and Frankel on respondent burden; Bogen on the effect of questionnaire length; Church on the effect of incentives on mail survey response rates; and Singer on informed consent and survey reponse; Snijkers, Hox et al on interviewers tactics for fighting survey non-response; Groves and Lyberg on non response issues in telephone surveys; Laurie, Smith et al on strategies for reducing non response in longitudinal panel surveys; Hertel on minimizing error variance; and Fuller on weighting to adjust non survey response. The collection will be of interest to students throughout the social sciences, and practitioners in sociology, political science, cultural studies, business studies and social research methods. About the Editor David De Vaus is Associate Professor of Sociology at La Trobe University, Melbourne. He is the author of Surveys in Social Research and Research Design in Social Research. He is

Fundamentals Of Research In Criminology And Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412960525
Size: 74.40 MB
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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

Social Measurement

Author: Donald T. Campbell
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761904069
Size: 65.91 MB
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This essential work in social measurement includes: arguments as to why qualitative approaches belong with quantitative ones; a debate with deconstructionists and social constructionists on measurement validity, and an expansion and further explanation of the multitrait-multimethod matrix.

Introduction To Criminology

Author: Frank E. Hagan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412953650
Size: 37.12 MB
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"After reviewing dozens of books, this text provided the best basic foundation and the study website is excellent." -Michelle Ronda, Marymount Manhattan College The Sixth Edition of Introduction to Criminology: Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology, with a chapter devoted to the criminal justice system. Valued and admired for the author's easy-to-read writing style and the text's overall accessibility, this book concentrates on the vital core of criminological theory-theory, method, and criminal behavior-and successfully avoids an overly legal or crime control orientation. Updated throughout and with a visually engaging new two-color design, the Sixth Edition investigates all major forms of criminal activity, including organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. Author Frank E. Hagan explains the methods of operation, the effects on society, and how various theories account for criminal behavior. New to the Sixth Edition Offers expanded treatment of theory: An additional theory chapter (Chapter 5) explores psychological and biological theories, and the author has provided additional coverage of Developmental/Life Course theory in Chapter 6. Presents expanded detail on many types of crime: The book features comprehensive treatment of all crime typologies. Provides broader coverage of crime in its various forms: With major coverage of white collar, political, and organized crime, the text fully addresses topics such as Warez software piracy, spies, assassins, new organized crime groups, and major corporate scandals. Incorporates updated and new "Crime Files" and "In the News" boxes: New captivating examples include the Virginia Tech shootings; the BTK killer; Washington, DC snipers; Red Lake Massacre; and the Hanssen Spy case. Includes a new final chapter on the criminal justice system (Chapter 14): This chapter provides a brief overview to acquaint students who have not had a separate course on the justice system. Features an updated photo program: Contemporary visual representations bring to life the theories and crime typologies covered in the text. Accompanied by High Quality Ancillaries Student Study Site at www.sagepub.com/haganstudy: The study site includes self-quizzes, links to interesting and useful audio and video files (NPR and PBS radio archives, Frontline videos), carefully selected journal articles, Web research exercises, E-flashcards, and more. Instructors' Resources on CD-ROM: include a computerized test bank, PowerPoint slides for each chapter, classroom activities, and more. Qualified instructors can request a copy by contacting SAGE Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 (6am-5pm PT). Intended Audience This is an excellent text for undergraduate courses such as Criminology, Deviant Behavior, and Crime and Society in departments of criminal justice, criminology, and sociology.