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Unrecognized States In The International System

Author: Nina Caspersen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136849998
Size: 55.50 MB
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Unrecognized states are territories that have achieved de facto independence, yet have failed to gain international recognition as independent states. These territories constitute anomalies in the international system of sovereign states and often present significant challenges to policy makers, as evidenced by the war in Georgia and the continued debate over Kosovo’s independence. This book draws on both theory and case studies to better understand the phenomenon of unrecognized states, demonstrating that the existence of such entities is less unusual than previously assumed. Moving away from an overt focus on case studies, the chapters present various themes that link the emergence, operations, and development of unrecognized states and assess how the established order of states responds to the challenges they present: How do unrecognized interact with the international system of sovereign states? How does it shape their emergence, operations and development? How do these entities develop in a context of non-recognition? Are we witnessing a new form of statehood, or are these entities better understood as states-in-waiting? What are the strategies available for dealing with unrecognized states? Could power-sharing or autonomy provide a solution or are more innovative strategies necessary? With contributions from leading scholars in a number of fields, this book will appeal not only to students and scholars of Political Science, International Relations, Geography, Area Studies, Sociology, and Conflict Resolution, but also to journalists, government bodies and NGOs.

Education And Ethno Politics

Author: Kelsey Shanks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317520432
Size: 74.57 MB
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The Iraqi Disputed Territories consist of 15 districts stretching across four northern governorates. While an administrative solution for the disputed territories remains evasive, minority groups across the region have been pulled into a clash over demographic composition as each disputed district faces ethnically defined claims. Meanwhile, inter-ethnic communal tensions are rising and questions of identity increasingly overshadow day-to-day life. There has been little research on the impact of heightened identity politics on the everyday lives of citizens. Regardless of the final administrative outcome, the multi-ethnic population of the region requires services and systems of co-existence, and in the fragile ethno-political environment of the disputed territories, the way in which the education system manages ethnic diversity is crucial. It is within this context that Education and Ethno-Politics examines the development of education systems across the region post 2003. Drawing on over 50 interviews with regional education officials and community representatives, the book presents the impact of amplified ethno-politics on the reconstruction of education in Iraq. It provides the first academic exploration into education in the region, exploring the significance of cultural reproduction and the link between demands for ethnically specific education, societal security and the wider political contestation over the territory. A comprehensive analysis of the powerful role of education in identity-based conflicts, this book offers a highly insightful examination of Iraq’s past and present, as well as formulating policy recommendations for its future. It is an essential resource for students, scholars and policy makers with focus on the Middle East, specifically Iraqi and Kurdish studies, as well as those interested in Education policy and Conflict studies.

Iraqi Kurdistan The Pkk And International Relations

Author: Hannes ?erny
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317197585
Size: 16.76 MB
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Due to its primacy in explaining issues of war and peace in the international arena, the discipline of International Relations (IR) looms large in analyses of and responses to ethnic conflict in academia, politics and popular media – in particular with respect to contemporary conflicts in the Middle East. Grounded in constitutive theory, this book challenges how ethnic/ethno-nationalist conflict is represented in explanatory IR by deconstructing its most prominent state-centric models, frameworks and analytical concepts. As much a critique of contemporary scholarship on Kurdish ethno-nationalism as a detailed analysis of the most prominent Kurdish ethno-nationalist actors, the book provides the first in-depth investigation into the relations between the PKK and the main Iraqi Kurdish political parties from the 1980s to the present. It situates this inquiry within the wider context of the ambiguous political status of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, its relations with Turkey, and the role Kurdish parties and insurgencies play in the war against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. Appreciating these complex dynamics and how they are portrayed in Western scholarship is essential for understanding current developments in the Iraqi and Syrian theatres of war, and for making sense of discussions about a potential independent Kurdish state to emerge in Iraq. Iraqi Kurdistan provides a comprehensive and critical discussion of the state-centric and essentialising epistemologies, ontologies, and methodologies of the three main paradigms of explanatory IR, as well as their analytical models and frameworks on ethnic identity and conflict in the Middle East and beyond. It will therefore be a valuable resource for anyone studying ethnicity and nationalism, International Relations or Middle East Politics.

Methoden Der Vergleichenden Politik Und Sozialwissenschaft

Author: Susanne Pickel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531918265
Size: 64.45 MB
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Im Bereich der Methoden der vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft haben sich in den letzten Jahren vielfältige Entwicklungen ergeben, die bislang aber eher selektiv und voneinander getrennt vorgestellt wurden. Dabei fehlt es insbesondere an Publikationen, die sich an fortgeschrittenen Interessenten des Bereichs wenden und anwendungsorientierte Leitlinien für spezifische Analysetypen geben. Diese Hilfestellungen sind in der Regel in übergreifenden Einführungen, von wenigen Autoren nicht zu leisten. Dieser Band gibt eine erschöpfende Breite an derzeit verfügbaren methodischen Zugängen zur vergleichenden Sozialwissenschaft, die durch die einschlägigen Autoren der jeweiligen Gebiete fachgerecht und anwendungsorientiert gestaltet wurden.

Ethnischer Radikalismus

Author: Peter Waldmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322919218
Size: 34.23 MB
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Im Mittelpunkt der Studie steht die Frage, unter welchen Bedingungen ethnische Protestbewegungen einen gewaltsamen Verlauf nehmen. Hierzu werden zentrale Hypothesen entwickelt und durch den Vergleich von vier Fällen des Ethnoregionalismus (spanisches Baskenland, Katalonien, Nordirland, Québec) systematisch überprüft. Auch das bisher in der Literatur vernachlässigte Problem der strukturellen Folgen anhaltender Minderheitenkonflikte wird behandelt. Der Band endet mit Vorschlägen der Eindämmung dieser Konflikte.