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Untamed Urbanisms

Author: Adriana Allen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317599098
Size: 77.64 MB
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One of the major challenges of urban development has been reconciling the way cities develop with the mounting evidence of resource depletion and the negative environmental impacts of predominantly urban-based modes of production and consumption. This book aims to re-politicise the relationship between urban development, sustainability and justice, and to explore the tensions emerging under real circumstances, as well as their potential for transformative change. For some, cities are the root of all that is unsustainable, while for others cities provide unique opportunities for sustainability-oriented innovations that address equity and ecological challenges. This book is rooted in the latter category, but recognises that if cities continue to evolve along current trajectories they will be where the large bulk of the most unsustainable and inequitable human activities are concentrated. By drawing on a range of case studies from both the global South and global North, this book is unique in its aim to develop an integrated social-ecological perspective on the challenge of sustainable urban development. Through the interdisciplinary and original research of a new generation of urban researchers across the global South and North, this book addresses old debates in new ways and raises new questions about sustainable urban development. It will be of interest to researchers, city managers and a wide range of policy actors in government, civil society and the private sector. An electronic version of this book is available Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Explorations In Urban And Regional Dynamics

Author: Joel Dearden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317698525
Size: 10.65 MB
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The task of modelling the evolution of cities – the dynamics – is one of the major challenges of the social sciences. This book presents mathematical and computer models of urban and regional dynamics and shows how advances in computer visualisation provide new insights. Models of non-linear systems in general have three characteristics: multiple equilibria, ‘path dependence’ over time and phase transitions – that is, abrupt change at critical parameter values. These phenomena all exhibit themselves in reality, and it is an ongoing task to match model-based analysis with real phenomena. There are three key features of cities and regions to be represented in models: activities at a location – residence, health, education, work and shopping; flows between locations – spatial interaction; and the structures that carry these activities – buildings, transport and communications networks. Spatial interaction and many elements of activities’ location can be modelled by statistical averaging procedures, which are related to Boltzmann’s methods in statistical mechanics. This is while the evolution of structure can be represented in equations that connect to the Lotka-Volterra equations in ecology. Within this broad framework, alternative approaches can be brought to bear. This book uses entropy-maximising versions of spatial interaction models. The authors explore the dynamics in more detail, using advanced visualisation techniques. These ideas have wide potential uses, and the book illustrates this with applications in history and archaeology.

Knowledge Intensive Business Services And Regional Competitiveness

Author: João J. M. Ferreira
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317509587
Size: 29.90 MB
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Research interest in the service sector has boomed in recent years as deindustrialisation became entrenched. Instead of being regarded as merely supplementary to traditional industry and manufacturing, services have generated progressively rising levels of growth in developed economies while at the same time coming to be recognised as major drivers of innovation. Among the factors which have helped service companies notch up swifter growth rates than all other sectors are the outsourcing of such services by other sectors, including the development of information and communication technologies, and changes to the regulatory, legal and market frameworks as well as globalisation and internationalisation. The result is a cluster of highly innovative firms which can loosely be grouped under the heading of Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS). Knowledge Intensive Business Services and Regional Competitiveness charts the development of these firms and explores their success through four mutually linked parts: KIBS and industrial dynamics; KIBS and their context; KIBS and their contribution to regional competitiveness and economic development; and finally, KIBS and public policy. This book is suitable for researchers and policy makers interested in the rise of these influential actors and their influence on regional competitiveness.

Im Freien Fall

Author: Joseph Stiglitz
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641040701
Size: 55.25 MB
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Das Plädoyer des Nobelpreisträgers für eine neue globale Wirtschaftspolitik Der freie Fall der Weltwirtschaft begann im Herbst 2008 mit dem Zusammenbruch der Investment-Bank Lehman Brothers. Die Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise, die wir seither erleben, ist die schlimmste seit den 1930er Jahren. In seinem neuen Buch fragt Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz, wie es dazu kommen konnte – und erklärt, wie wir solche Katastrophen in Zukunft verhindern können. Mit der Wirtschaftskrise hat sich die jahrzehntelang herrschende Wirtschaftsdoktrin selbst entzaubert: Falsche Anreize, entfesselte Märkte und eine ungerechte Verteilung des Reichtums haben die Welt an den Rand des Abgrunds geführt. Für Joseph Stiglitz ist klar: Ein »Weiter so« kann es nicht geben. Statt mit hektischen Rettungsmaßnahmen die eigene, nationale Wirtschaft zu retten und danach wieder zur Tagesordnung überzugehen, müssen wir diesen kritischen Moment nutzen, um eine neue globale Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik zu schaffen. Joseph Stiglitz beschreibt in seinem neuen Buch, wie solch eine krisenfeste und gerechtere Wirtschaftsordnung aussehen könnte. Neben einer besseren Regulierung der Finanzmärkte und einer aktiveren Rolle des Staates in der Wirtschaft, müssen wir vor allem dafür Sorge tragen, weltweit Arbeitsplätze zu sichern und den Wohlstand gerechter zu verteilen.

Decolonize The City

Author: Mahdis Azarmandi
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783897715462
Size: 39.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Bisherige Perspektiven auf die Stadt haben bislang allenfalls öberfläch addressiert, wer verdrängt, kontrolliert, ausgegrenzt wird. 0Die Beiträge zu 'Decolonize the City!' fragen deshalb aus einer rassismuskritischen Position nach dem Alltag von postkolonialen Migrant/innen und People of Color und ihren Kämpfen in der Stadt, benennen 0politische Praktiken der Verortung und der Selbstbezeichnung im deutschen/transnationalen Kontext und gehen aus einer selbstbestimmten, solidarischen und verantwortungsvollen Position auf das Verhältnis zwischen Stadt und der Verortung rassifizierter Menschen und Communities ein. Dabei werden die Besonderheiten der "Europäischen Stadt" und ihrer Herstellung herausgearbeitet, weil sich die Autor_innen in einem europäischen und städtischen Kontext verorten bzw. verortet werden. 0Es werden dabei die Perspektiven derjenigen in den Mittelpunkt gestellt, die als zugleich rassifizierte, vergeschlechtlichte und sexualisierte "Andere" hervorgebracht und gelesen werden – und sich selbst so verstehen oder auch nicht. 0Schließlich wird eine Urbane Dekolonisierung als notwendige Intervention in der deutschsprachigen Debatte zu Stadt und Gesellschaft eingefordert.