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Urban Development And Civil Society

Author: Michael Carley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134200501
Size: 47.30 MB
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The world's population is rapidly urbanizing but the affluence and development often associated with cities are far from equitably or sustainably distributed. Where it was once taken for granted that responsibility for urban development lay with the state, increasingly the emphasis has shifted to market-driven and public-private sector initiatives, which can marginalize the intended beneficiaries - the urban poor - from decision making and implementation. This text outlines the essential conditions for effective urban planning and management by placing bottom-up community initiatives at the heart of the push for equitable and sustainable development in cities. Crucially, the state must engage with both the market and civil society in pursuit of sustainable cities. Presenting a wide-ranging selection of case studies in rapidly urbanizing and transitional countries, from the poorest parts of Africa and Asia to the relatively developed United Kingdom, the authors describe and analyze innovations in how globally disadvantaged urban communities can be engaged in improving their living environments.

Urban Development And Civil Society

Author: Michael Carley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134200579
Size: 74.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 365
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The world's population is rapidly urbanizing but the affluence and development often associated with cities are far from equitably or sustainably distributed. Where it was once taken for granted that responsibility for urban development lay with the state, increasingly the emphasis has shifted to market-driven and public-private sector initiatives, which can marginalize the intended beneficiaries - the urban poor - from decision making and implementation. This text outlines the essential conditions for effective urban planning and management by placing bottom-up community initiatives at the heart of the push for equitable and sustainable development in cities. Crucially, the state must engage with both the market and civil society in pursuit of sustainable cities. Presenting a wide-ranging selection of case studies in rapidly urbanizing and transitional countries, from the poorest parts of Africa and Asia to the relatively developed United Kingdom, the authors describe and analyze innovations in how globally disadvantaged urban communities can be engaged in improving their living environments.

Urban Development And Civil Society

Author: Michael Carley
Publisher: Earthscan / James & James
ISBN: 9781853837180
Size: 22.37 MB
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* Explores the role of civil society groups and communities in urban development * Provides a structured framework to understand their role and applies it through international case studies * Excellent course book and major contribution to planning and development debates on urban management The state is no longer seen as providing effective urban management and public-private schemes have often failed to provide for the needs of the urban poor. Throughout the world, 'bottom-up' community initiatives have been proving more successful. This book examines the role of communities and how civil society can combine with local government and the private sector in achieving sustainable urban development. It sets out a theoretical framework and applies this to case studies drawn from all over the world - from the poorest, through rapidly urbanizing and transitional economies to some of the most developed cities of the world.

Collaborative Strategies For Sustainable Cities

Author: Eric S. Zeemering
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135130760
Size: 80.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Baltimore, like many other cities around the globe, is redesigning local government policy and programs in order to become a more sustainable city. Sustainability, as a concept guiding public action, encourages city officials to integrate policy and programs addressing the economic, environmental, and social health of the community. City governments, including Baltimore, have adopted plans to integrate this new priority into local policy and program management. Reorienting city policy and programs to address an emergent concern like sustainability requires collaboration between city government and various actors and organizations in the community. Collaborative Strategies for Sustainable Cities examines how cities define sustainability and form policy implementation networks to integrate sustainability into city programs. Using the city of Baltimore to describe and analyze the involvement of the participants in local sustainability efforts in rich detail, Eric S. Zeemering argues that when we think about the sustainable city, the city government is not the best unit of analysis for our investigations or policy planning. Instead, policy networks within cities carve out slices of a sustainability agenda, define sustainability in their own ways, and form implementation networks with city government officials, neighborhood and community organizations, funders, and state and federal agencies in order to achieve specific goals. When cities begin to integrate sustainability into policies and programs, surveying and understanding competing definitions of sustainability within the community may be central to their success. The book’s rich array of data, including qualitative data from elite interviews and public documents, Q-methodology and social network analysis will make for an engaging read to scholars of political science or public affairs as well as the interested citizen or policy advocate.

Community Based Urban Development

Author: Im Sik Cho
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811019878
Size: 38.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book compares different approaches to urban development in Singapore and Seoul over the past decades, by focusing on community participation in the transformation of neighbourhoods and its impact on the built environment and communal life. Singapore and Seoul are known for their rapid economic growth and urbanisation under a strong control of developmental state in the past. However, these cities are at a critical crossroads of societal transformation, where participatory and community-based urban development is gaining importance. This new approach can be seen as a result of a changing relationship between the state and civil society, where an emerging partnership between both aims to overcome the limitations of earlier urban development. The book draws attention to the possibilities and challenges that these cities face while moving towards a more inclusive and socially sustainable post-developmental urbanisation. By applying a comparative perspective to understand the evolving urban paradigms in Singapore and Seoul, this unique and timely book offers insights for scholars, professionals and students interested in contemporary Asian urbanisation and its future trajectories.

Sharing Cities

Author: Duncan McLaren
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262029723
Size: 55.94 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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How cities can build on the "sharing economy" and smart technology to deliver a "sharing paradigm" that supports justice, solidarity, and sustainability.

Engineering For Sustainable Communities

Author: William Edward Kelly
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780784414811
Size: 22.22 MB
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Engineering for Sustainable Communities: Principles and Practices defines and outlines sustainable engineering methods for real-world engineering projects.

Sustainability Policy Planning And Gentrification In Cities

Author: Susannah Bunce
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317443713
Size: 10.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sustainability Policy, Planning and Gentrification in Cities explores the growing convergences between urban sustainability policy, planning practices, and gentrification in cities. Via a study of governmental policy and planning initiatives and informal, community-based forms of sustainability planning, the book examines the assemblages of actors and interests that are involved in the production of sustainability policy and planning and their connection with neighbourhood-level and wider processes of environmental gentrification. Drawing from international urban examples, policy and planning strategies that guide both the implementation of urban intensification and the planning of new sustainable communities are considered. Such strategies include the production of urban green spaces and other environmental amenities through public and private sector and civil society involvement. The resulting production of exclusionary spaces and displacement in cities is problematic and underlines the paradoxical associations between sustainability and gentrified urban development. Contemporary examples of sustainability policy and planning initiatives are identified as ways by which environmental practices increasingly factor into both official and informal rationales and enactments of social exclusion, eviction, and displacement. The book further considers the capacity for progressive sustainability policy and planning practices, via community-based efforts, to dismantle exclusion and displacement and encourage social and environmental equity and justice in urban sustainability approaches. This is a timely book for researchers and students in urban studies, environmental studies and geography with a particular interest in the growing presence of environmental gentrification in cities.

Sustainable Cities

Author: Hidenori Tamagawa
Publisher: United Nations Univ
ISBN: 9789280811247
Size: 23.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Developing countries are rapidly urbanizing and most of the world's population will soon be living in cities, making it crucial to examine how cities can be developed on a sustainable basis. Japan is one of the most urbanized countries in the world and offers a remarkable series of lessons for sustainable urban planning. This book draws together experts from engineering, humanities, social sciences and mental health to introduce Japanese experiences and compare them with international research. Rapid urbanization has damaged natural and human systems in Japan and many planners are seizing upon new technologies and scientific methods as opportunities to restructure cities. However, others are focusing on the well-being of citizens and seeking to make urban society more sustainable. This book examines the tensions between sociological and technological approaches and the dichotomy between planning professionals and civil society.