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Urban Traffic Networks

Author: Nathan H. Gartner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642796419
Size: 22.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The problems of urban traffic in the industrially developed countries have been at the top of the priority list for a long time. While making a critical contribution to the economic well being of those countries, transportation systems in general and highway traffic in particular, also have detrimental effects which are evident in excessive congestion, high rates of accidents and severe pollution problems. Scientists from different disciplines have played an important role in the development and refinement of the tools needed for the planning, analysis, and control of urban traffic networks. In the past several years, there were particularly rapid advances in two areas that affect urban traffic: 1. Modeling of traffic flows in urban networks and the prediction of the resulting equilibrium conditions; 2. Technology for communication with the driver and the ability to guide him, by providing him with useful, relevant and updated information, to his desired destination.

Transportation Systems Analysis

Author: Ennio Cascetta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387758577
Size: 36.21 MB
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"This book provides a rigorous and comprehensive coverage of transportation models and planning methods and is a must-have to anyone in the transportation community, including students, teachers, and practitioners." Moshe Ben-Akiva, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Artificial Crime Analysis Systems Using Computer Simulations And Geographic Information Systems

Author: Liu, Lin
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781599045931
Size: 73.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the last decade there has been a phenomenal growth in interest in crime pattern analysis. Geographic information systems are now widely used in urban police agencies throughout industrial nations. With this, scholarly interest in understanding crime patterns has grown considerably. Artificial Crime Analysis Systems: Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems discusses leading research on the use of computer simulation of crime patterns to reveal hidden processes of urban crimes, taking an interdisciplinary approach by combining criminology, computer simulation, and geographic information systems into one comprehensive resource.

Annual Reviews Of Computational Physics Vii

Author: Dietrich Stauffer
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814494232
Size: 11.30 MB
Format: PDF
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The seventh volume of this invaluable series focuses an applications — from Ising models to the formation of small clusters and phase ordering in fluids, to the structure of concrete, to the growth of cities built from it, to the traffic jams and the biology of life in the cities, and to the marketing of products to consumers. Thus the interdisciplinary research potential of computational physics is particularly well documented. Contents:The Simulation of the Ising Model on the Creutz Cellular Automaton (N Aktekin)Lennard–Jones Clusters and the Multiple-Minima Problem (L T Wille)Phase Ordering in Fluids (J M Yeomans)Computer Simulation and Percolation Theory Applied to Concrete (E J Garboczi & D P Bentz)Computer Simulations in Urban Geography (L Benguigui)Large-Scale Traffic Simulations for Transportation Planning (K Nagel et al.)Biological Evolution Through Mutation, Selection, and Drift: An Introductory Review (E Baake & W Gabriel)An Evolutionary Model for Simple Ecosystems (F Bagnoli & M Bezzi)Microscopic Simulation of Reaction–Diffusion Processes and Applications Population Biology and Product Marketing (E Bettelheim & B Lehmann) Readership: Researchers and scientists in computational physics. Keywords:Creutz Algorithm;Car Traffic;Evolution;Urban Geography;Concrete

Traffic And Granular Flow 07

Author: Cécile Appert-Rolland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540770747
Size: 57.55 MB
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This book covers several research fields, all of which deal with transport. Three main topics are treated: road traffic, granular matter, and biological transport. Different points of view, i.e. modelling, simulations, experiments, and phenomenological observations, are considered. Sub-topics include: highway or urban vehicular traffic (dynamics of traffic, macro/micro modelling, measurements, data analysis, security issues, psychological issues), pedestrian traffic, animal traffic (e.g. social insects), collective motion in biological systems (molecular motors...), granular flow (dense flows, intermittent flows, solid/liquid transition, jamming, force networks, fluid and solid friction), networks (biological networks, urban traffic, the internet, vulnerability of networks, optimal transport networks) and cellular automata applied to the various aforementioned fields.

Breakdown In Traffic Networks

Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662544733
Size: 55.42 MB
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This book offers a detailed investigation of breakdowns in traffic and transportation networks. It shows empirically that transitions from free flow to so-called synchronized flow, initiated by local disturbances at network bottlenecks, display a nucleation-type behavior: while small disturbances in free flow decay, larger ones grow further and lead to breakdowns at the bottlenecks. Further, it discusses in detail the significance of this nucleation effect for traffic and transportation theories, and the consequences this has for future automatic driving, traffic control, dynamic traffic assignment, and optimization in traffic and transportation networks. Starting from a large volume of field traffic data collected from various sources obtained solely through measurements in real world traffic, the author develops his insights, with an emphasis less on reviewing existing methodologies, models and theories, and more on providing a detailed analysis of empirical traffic data and drawing consequences regarding the minimum requirements for any traffic and transportation theories to be valid. The book - proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks - discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories - shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and - explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion, making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.

Dynamic Urban Transportation Network Models

Author: Bin Ran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662007738
Size: 11.66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems are providing a welcome stimulus to research on dynamic urban transportation network models. This book presents a new generation of models for solving dynamic travel choice problems including traveler's destination choice, mode choice, departure/arrival time choice and route choice. These models are expected to function as off-line travel forecasting and evaluation tools, and eventually as on-line prediction and control models in advanced traveler information and traffic management systems. In addition to a rich set of new formulations and solution algorithms, the book provides a summary of the necessary mathematical background and concludes with a discussion of the requirements for model implementation.