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Using Algebraic Geometry

Author: David A Cox
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475769113
Size: 59.97 MB
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An illustration of the many uses of algebraic geometry, highlighting the more recent applications of Groebner bases and resultants. Along the way, the authors provide an introduction to some algebraic objects and techniques more advanced than typically encountered in a first course. The book is accessible to non-specialists and to readers with a diverse range of backgrounds, assuming readers know the material covered in standard undergraduate courses, including abstract algebra. But because the text is intended for beginning graduate students, it does not require graduate algebra, and in particular, does not assume that the reader is familiar with modules.

Algebraic Geometry

Author: Robin Hartshorne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475738498
Size: 18.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.

Commutative Algebra

Author: David Eisenbud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461253500
Size: 23.23 MB
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This is a comprehensive review of commutative algebra, from localization and primary decomposition through dimension theory, homological methods, free resolutions and duality, emphasizing the origins of the ideas and their connections with other parts of mathematics. The book gives a concise treatment of Grobner basis theory and the constructive methods in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry that flow from it. Many exercises included.

Algebraic Geometry And Arithmetic Curves

Author: Qing Liu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191547808
Size: 49.54 MB
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This book is a general introduction to the theory of schemes, followed by applications to arithmetic surfaces and to the theory of reduction of algebraic curves. The first part introduces basic objects such as schemes, morphisms, base change, local properties (normality, regularity, Zariski's Main Theorem). This is followed by the more global aspect: coherent sheaves and a finiteness theorem for their cohomology groups. Then follows a chapter on sheaves of differentials, dualizing sheaves, and Grothendieck's duality theory. The first part ends with the theorem of Riemann-Roch and its application to the study of smooth projective curves over a field. Singular curves are treated through a detailed study of the Picard group. The second part starts with blowing-ups and desingularisation (embedded or not) of fibered surfaces over a Dedekind ring that leads on to intersection theory on arithmetic surfaces. Castelnuovo's criterion is proved and also the existence of the minimal regular model. This leads to the study of reduction of algebraic curves. The case of elliptic curves is studied in detail. The book concludes with the funadmental theorem of stable reduction of Deligne-Mumford. The book is essentially self-contained, including the necessary material on commutative algebra. The prerequisites are therefore few, and the book should suit a graduate student. It contains many examples and nearly 600 exercises.

Combinatorial Convexity And Algebraic Geometry

Author: Günter Ewald
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387947556
Size: 66.11 MB
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This text provides an introduction to the theory of convex polytopes and polyhedral sets, to algebraic geometry and to the fascinating connections between these fields: the theory of toric varieties (or torus embeddings). The fist part of the book contains an introduction to the theory of polytopes - one of the most important parts of classical geometry in n-dimensional Euclidean space. Since the discussion here is independent of any applications to algebraic geometry, it would also be suitable for a course in geometry. This part also provides large parts of the mathematical background of linear optimization and of the geometrical aspects in Computer Science. The second part introduces toric varieties in an elementary way, building on the concepts of combinatorial geometry introduced in the first part. Many of the general concepts of algebraic geometry arise in this treatment and can be dealt with concretely. This part of the book can thus serve for a one-semester introduction to algebraic geometry, with the first part serving as a reference for combinatorial geometry.

Algebraic Models In Geometry

Author: Yves Félix
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199206511
Size: 30.79 MB
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In the past century, different branches of mathematics have become more widely separated. Yet, there is an essential unity to mathematics which still springs up in fascinating ways to solve interdisciplinary problems. This text provides a bridge between the subjects of algebraic topology, including differential topology, and geometry. It is a survey book dedicated to a large audience of researchers and graduate students in these areas. Containing a generalintroduction to the algebraic theory of rational homotopy and giving concrete applications of algebraic models to the study of geometrical problems, mathematicians in many areas will find subjects that are of interest to them in the book.

The Geometry Of Schemes

Author: David Eisenbud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387226397
Size: 42.16 MB
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Grothendieck’s beautiful theory of schemes permeates modern algebraic geometry and underlies its applications to number theory, physics, and applied mathematics. This simple account of that theory emphasizes and explains the universal geometric concepts behind the definitions. In the book, concepts are illustrated with fundamental examples, and explicit calculations show how the constructions of scheme theory are carried out in practice.

Algebraic Topology

Author: William Fulton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461241804
Size: 71.56 MB
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To the Teacher. This book is designed to introduce a student to some of the important ideas of algebraic topology by emphasizing the re lations of these ideas with other areas of mathematics. Rather than choosing one point of view of modem topology (homotopy theory, simplicial complexes, singular theory, axiomatic homology, differ ential topology, etc.), we concentrate our attention on concrete prob lems in low dimensions, introducing only as much algebraic machin ery as necessary for the problems we meet. This makes it possible to see a wider variety of important features of the subject than is usual in a beginning text. The book is designed for students of mathematics or science who are not aiming to become practicing algebraic topol ogists-without, we hope, discouraging budding topologists. We also feel that this approach is in better harmony with the historical devel opment of the subject. What would we like a student to know after a first course in to pology (assuming we reject the answer: half of what one would like the student to know after a second course in topology)? Our answers to this have guided the choice of material, which includes: under standing the relation between homology and integration, first on plane domains, later on Riemann surfaces and in higher dimensions; wind ing numbers and degrees of mappings, fixed-point theorems; appli cations such as the Jordan curve theorem, invariance of domain; in dices of vector fields and Euler characteristics; fundamental groups

A Course In Commutative Algebra

Author: Gregor Kemper
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642035456
Size: 77.55 MB
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This textbook offers a thorough, modern introduction into commutative algebra. It is intented mainly to serve as a guide for a course of one or two semesters, or for self-study. The carefully selected subject matter concentrates on the concepts and results at the center of the field. The book maintains a constant view on the natural geometric context, enabling the reader to gain a deeper understanding of the material. Although it emphasizes theory, three chapters are devoted to computational aspects. Many illustrative examples and exercises enrich the text.

An Introduction To Algebraic Geometry And Algebraic Groups

Author: Meinolf Geck
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663727
Size: 27.83 MB
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An accessible text introducing algebraic geometries and algebraic groups at advanced undergraduate and early graduate level, this book develops the language of algebraic geometry from scratch and uses it to set up the theory of affine algebraic groups from first principles. Building on the background material from algebraic geometry and algebraic groups, the text provides an introduction to more advanced and specialised material. An example is the representation theory of finite groups of Lie type. The text covers the conjugacy of Borel subgroups and maximal tori, the theory of algebraic groups with a BN-pair, a thorough treatment of Frobenius maps on affine varieties and algebraic groups, zeta functions and Lefschetz numbers for varieties over finite fields. Experts in the field will enjoy some of the new approaches to classical results. The text uses algebraic groups as the main examples, including worked out examples, instructive exercises, as well as bibliographical and historical remarks.