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Value And Waste In Lean Construction

Author: Fidelis A. Emuze
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317447638
Size: 63.21 MB
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Non-value adding activities are otherwise known as ‘waste’ in the lean construction lexicon. The aim of this collection is to build a common understanding of the role and contribution of value-adding activities in achieving stipulated objectives and continuous improvement in construction projects, and to contrast this with waste. Although the lean approach to construction projects has been widely covered, this is the first book that explicitly provides the link between value and waste in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) sector. This internationally researched collection seeks to create a paradigm shift, which will shape work processes and future directions for how value is conceptualized and operationalized in both the project management and business aspects of construction. The readers will gain an understanding of: The value-adding paradigm in construction How to make value-supporting decisions Waste identification and control in practice With contributions from South Africa, Brazil, Norway, and the USA, the implications of this book are globally relevant. This is essential reading for all higher level students of construction management and economics, and all professionals interested in value management.

Lean Construction

Author: Luis Alarcón
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482287358
Size: 52.72 MB
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The application of a new production philosophy, leading to "lean production" (using less space, less human effort, less product development time etc), is expected to change almost every industry and bring about radical changes in the organization of work. This text examines this process.

Application Of Lean Construction Principles To Reduce Construction Process Waste Using Computer Simulation A Case Study

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ISBN:
Size: 13.26 MB
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Waste in the construction industry has been the subject of several research projects around the world in recent years. Researchers implement different methods to reduce the amount of waste in the construction industry. One of the effective methods for reducing waste is the application of lean approaches. Lean construction is a result of the introduction of a new form of production management. Although lean construction is still evolving, its generic principles, techniques and tools can already be applied. Waste reduction is one of the basic concepts of lean thinking. In general, project managers tend to conceptualise 'waste' as physical construction waste, but lean thinking believes that there are noticeable wastes hidden in construction processes (such as non–value–adding activities and waiting time). We aim at examining the ability of lean construction principles to reduce construction process waste through a case study (reinforcement process). Computer simulation is utilised to reveal the results of lean principles application prior to real implementation. Results show that different kinds of waste in a construction process can be reduced via adopting lean construction principles using computer simulation.

Construction Project Scheduling And Control

Author: Saleh A. Mubarak
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111884579X
Size: 72.16 MB
Format: PDF
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Bad scheduling can doom a construction project from thestart Construction Project Scheduling and Control provides acomprehensive examination of the analytical methods used to devisea reasonable, efficient, and successful schedule for constructionprojects of all sizes. This updated third edition contains newinformation on building image modeling (BIM) and its relationshipto project scheduling and control, as well as thorough coverage ofthe latest developments in the field. Written by a careerconstruction professional, this informative text introducesstudents to new concepts in CPM scheduling, including the author'sown Dynamic Minimum Lag technique. The expanded glossary andacronym list facilitate complete understanding, and the numeroussolved and unsolved problems help students test their knowledge andapply critical thinking to issues in construction scheduling. Acomplete instructor's manual provides solutions to all problems inthe book, test questions for each chapter, and additional examquestions for more comprehensive testing. The entire success of a construction process hinges on anefficient, well-thought out schedule, which is strictly definedwhile allowing for inevitable delays and changes. This book helpsstudents learn the processes, tools, and techniques used to makeprojects run smoothly, with expert guidance toward the realities ofthis complex function. Discover realistic scheduling solutions and cutting edgemethods Learn the duties, responsibilities, and techniques of projectcontrol Get up to date on the latest in sustainability, BIM, and leanconstruction Explore the software tools that help coordinate scheduling Scheduling encompasses everything from staff requirements andequipment needs to materials delivery and inspections, requiring adeep understanding of the process. For the student interested inconstruction management, Construction Project Scheduling andControl is an informative text on the field's current bestpractices.

Building Lean Building Bim

Author: Rafael Sacks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315300494
Size: 55.17 MB
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Building Lean, Building BIM is the essential guide for any construction company that wants to implement Lean Construction and Building Information Modelling (BIM) to gain a strategic edge over their competition. The first of its kind, the book outlines the principles of Lean, the functionality of BIM, and the interactions between the two, illustrating them through the story of how Tidhar Construction has implemented Lean Construction and BIM in a concerted effort over four years. Tidhar is a small-to-medium-sized construction company that pioneered a way of working that gave it a profit margin unheard of in its market. The company's story serves as a case study for explanation of the various facets of Lean Construction and BIM. Each chapter defines a principle of Lean and/or BIM, describes the achievements and failures in Tidhar's implementation based on the experiences of the key people involved, and reviews the relevant background and theory. The implementation at Tidhar has not been a pure success, but by examining their motives alongside their achievements and failures, readers will learn about what pitfalls and pinnacles to expect. A number of chapters also compare the experience of Tidhar with those of other companies who are leaders in their fields, such as Skanska and DPR. This book is highly relevant and useful to a wide range of readers from the construction industry, especially those who are frustrated with the inefficiencies in their companies and construction projects. It is also essential reading for Lean and BIM enthusiasts, researchers and students from a variety of industries and backgrounds.

Lean Construction Management

Author: Shang Gao
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812870148
Size: 26.85 MB
Format: PDF
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The book presents a mixed research method adopted to assess and present the Toyota Way practices within construction firms in general and for firms in China specifically. The results of an extensive structured questionnaire survey based on the Toyota Way-styled attributes identified were developed and data collected from building professionals working in construction firms is presented. The quantitative data presented in the book explains the status quo of the Toyota Way-styled practices implemented in the construction industry, as well as the extent to which these attributes were perceived for lean construction management. The book highlights all the actionable attributes derived from the Toyota Way model appreciated by the building professionals, but alerts the readers that some attributes felled short of implementation. Further findings from in-depth interviews and case studies are also presented in the book to provide to readers an understanding how these Toyota Way practices can be implemented in real-life projects. Collectively, all the empirical findings presented in this book can serve to enhance understanding of Toyota Way practices in the lean construction management context. The readers are then guided through to understand the gaps between actual practice and Toyota Way-styled practices, and the measures that they may undertake to circumvent the challenges for implementation. The book also presents to readers the SWOT analysis that addresses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats towards the implementation of the Toyota Way in the construction industry. The book prescribes the Toyota Way model for use in construction firms to strategically implement lean construction management. The checklist presented in the book enables readers to draw lessons that may be used additionally as a holistic assessment tool for measuring the maturity of firms with respect to their Toyota Way implementation. Consequent to this, management would then be in a better position to develop plans for Toyota Way implementation by focusing on weak areas, strengthening them, and thus increasing the likelihood of success in the implementation of the Toyota Way. In a nutshell, this book provides a comprehensive and valuable resource for firms not only in the construction industry but also businesses outside of the construction sector to better understand the Toyota Way and how this understanding can translate to implementation of lean construction/business management to enhance profitability and survivability in an increasingly competitive global market place.

Das Toyota Produktionssystem

Author: Taiichi Ohno
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593399296
Size: 62.12 MB
Format: PDF
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Ziel des Toyota-Produktionssystems ist die optimale Nutzung von Ressourcen jeglicher Art. Dies kann nur gelingen, wenn Qualifikation der Mitarbeiter, Verfügbarkeit der Maschinen und die im Prozess erzeugten Zwischenprodukte sehr hohen Standards genügen. Wie dies zu erreichen ist, beschreibt Taiichi Ohno anschaulich und praxisnah. Diese neue Auflage wird um ein aktuelles Vorwort des Toyota-Experten Mike Rother ergänzt.