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Virus Insect Plant Interactions

Author: Kerry F. Harris
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080543596
Size: 64.36 MB
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In Virus-Insect-Plant Interactions, the world's leading scientists discuss the latest breakthroughs in understanding the biological and ecological factors that define these complex transmission systems and how this knowledge might be used to our advantage in producing innovative, user and environmentally friendly approaches to controlling the spread of plant pathogens by insects. This is an invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers, and students. There are many quick-reference figures and tables, the contents pages include individual chapter abstracts, and each chapter ends with its own bibliography. Presents the most significant research breakthroughs of the past two decades Contains eighteen chapters by forty-two world-renowned researchers Invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers and students Each chapter ends with its own bibliography Contents pages of forematter include individual chapter abstracts Contains many quick-reference figures and tables

Insect Plant Interactions 1990

Author: Elizabeth A. Bernays
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351361376
Size: 48.79 MB
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Insect-Plant Interactions is a series devoted to reviews across the breadth of the topic from cellular mechanisms to ecology and evolution. Articles are selected from areas of particular current interest or subjects that would especially benefit from a new review. It is hoped that the interdisciplinary selection in each volume will help readers to enter new fields of insect-plant interactions. Volume III contains six contrasting articles.

Insect Vectors And Plant Pathogens

Author: Nachhattar Singh Butter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429994516
Size: 77.50 MB
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The history of pathogens and vectors, unique symptoms of diseases and economic importance of important viral diseases have been dealt with in the introductory chapter of this book. While highlighting the role of arthropods, nematodes, and fungi; other agents of the spread of plant pathogens have also been included. Important aspects of insect vectors with direct bearing on transmission, i.e. vector identification, biology, feeding apparatus, and mechanism of spread including control of pathogens through vectors are covered comprehensively. As aphids and other hemipterous insects are major insect vectors, the book stresses on this order. There is a focus on the transmission of determinants under different categories of the transmission mechanism. The transmission determinant paradigm comprising coat protein and helper component has been expounded with recent cases. A brief description of new diseases at least one from each genus of plant viruses has been included in this compendium to elucidate the interaction of vector and virus. Phytoplasmal etiology of pathogens has been detailed separately on account of their importance. The transmission of plant viruses through insects with biting and chewing type of mouth parts has been discussed in detail as separate chapter. The latest research in the field of mites, nematodes, and fungi as vectors of plant viruses has been included. How the phytotoxemia is different from other crop disorders, has been critically explained with support from suitable and common examples of crop disorders. The book also highlights the effects of plant viruses on their vectors. An account of classification of plant viruses has also been given for better understanding of subject matter. Likewise, the information on the electron microscope along with its use has been included so as to define the procedure of examining sub-microscopic entities. The latest developments in the management of plant pathogens through vector management have been discussed with special reference to the use of biotechnology, crop protection, and plant resistance. The book will be of value to the teachers and to researchers. It will also be useful for extension workers in managing crop disorders. Students and researchers of entomology, plant pathology, plant protection and virology disciplines will obtain the latest in the field, through this book.

Plant Virus Host Interaction

Author: R.K. Gaur
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124115985
Size: 33.75 MB
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Plant Virus-Host Interaction contains cutting-edge research in plant molecular virology, including pathogenic viroids and transport by insect vectors, interference with transmission to control viruses, and synergism, with pivotal coverage of RNA silencing and the counter-defensive strategies used by viruses to overcome the silencing response in plants. With a clear focus on plant virus evolution, including quantitative and population genetics, Plant Virus-Host Interaction provides insights on the major factors favoring disease emergence, such as genetic change in pathogen and host populations and changes in host ecology and environment. The book also examines socioeconomic implications of widespread plant viral agents. Contributions from leading experts around the globe provide varied perspectives, while comprehensive coverage ensures a complete look at this exciting field. Covers the emergence of new viral diseases Provides molecular approaches for virus-host interaction Highlights RNA silencing and counter-defensive strategies Discusses socioeconomic implications of viral spread and mitigation techniques

Annual Plant Reviews Insect Plant Interactions

Author: Claudia Voelckel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118829808
Size: 18.17 MB
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This latest volume in Wiley Blackwell’s prestigious Annual Plant Reviews brings together articles that describe the biochemical, genetic, and ecological aspects of plant interactions with insect herbivores.. The biochemistry section of this outstanding volume includes reviews highlighting significant findings in the area of plant signalling cascades, recognition of herbivore-associated molecular patterns, sequestration of plant defensive metabolites and perception of plant semiochemicals by insects. Chapters in the genetics section are focused on genetic mapping of herbivore resistance traits and the analysis of transcriptional responses in both plants and insects. The ecology section includes chapters that describe plant-insect interactions at a higher level, including multitrophic interactions, investigations of the cost-benefit paradigm and the altitudinal niche-breadth hypothesis, and a re-evaluation of co-evolution in the light of recent molecular research. Written by many of the world’s leading researchers in these subjects, and edited by Claudia Voelckel and Georg Jander, this volume is designed for students and researchers with some background in plant molecular biology or ecology, who would like to learn more about recent advances or obtain a more in-depth understanding of this field. This volume will also be of great use and interest to a wide range of plant scientists and entomologists and is an essential purchase for universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught. To view details of volumes in Annual Plant Reviews, visit: www.wiley.com/go/apr Also available from Wiley: Plant Defense Dale Walters 9781405175890 Herbicides and Plant Physiology, 2nd Edn Andrew Cobb & John Reade 9781405129350

Microbe Vector Interactions In Vector Borne Diseases

Author: S. H. Gillespie
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442916
Size: 59.14 MB
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Several billion people are at daily risk of life threatening vector-borne diseases such as malaria, trypanosomiasis and dengue. This volume describes the way in which the causal pathogens of such diseases interact with the vectors that transmit them. It details the elegant biological adaptations that have enabled pathogens to live with their vectors and, in some circumstances, to control them. This knowledge has led to novel preventative strategies in the form of antibiotics and new vaccines which are targeted not at the pathogen itself but at its specific vector.

Insect Plant Interactions And Induced Plant Defence

Author: Derek J. Chadwick
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471988151
Size: 51.11 MB
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Insect-Plant Interactions and Induced Plant Defence Chair: John A. Pickett, 1999 This book examines the sophisticated mechanisms that plants use to defend themselves against attack by insects and pathogens, focusing on the networks of plant signalling pathways that underlie these defences. In response to herbivory, plants release a complex blend of as many as 100 volatile chemicals, known as semiochemicals ('sign chemicals'). These act as an airborne SOS signal, revealing the presence of the herbivore to the predators and parasitoids that are its natural enemies. Plants also have endogenous defence mechanisms that can be induced in response to pathogens, and separate chapters deal with systemic acquired resistance, phytoalexins, and the interacting pathways in pathogen and pest resistance. The book discusses underlying biochemical mechanisms by which plant stress leads to the biosynthesis of chemical signals from pools of secondary metabolite precursors, or even from the primary metabolism source. Finally, consideration is given to the possibilities for exploiting these signalling pathways by plant molecular genetics. The use of plant signals and their analogues to switch on defence pathways in crop plants is covered in depth. Bringing together contributions from entomologists, chemical ecologists, molecular biologists and plant physiologists this book is truly interdisciplinary, and will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in agricultural pest control.

Rhabdoviruses

Author: Ralf Georg Dietzgen
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 1908230118
Size: 17.60 MB
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Rhabdoviruses are a diverse family of single stranded, negative sense RNA viruses that can successfully utilize a myriad of ecological niches, ranging from plants and insects to fish and mammals. This virus family includes pathogens, such as rabies virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, and potato yellow dwarf virus that are of tremendous public health, veterinary, and agricultural significance. Due to the relative simplicity of their genomes and morphology, in recent years rhabdoviruses have become powerful model systems for studying molecular virology. Written by a select group of world-renowned virologists, this book reviews all of the most recent advances in rhabdovirology, providing a timely overview of the field. Most contributions are written from a molecular and genomic perspective and contain expert insights upon which to base future research efforts. The topics covered include: morphology * genome organization * transcription * virus replication * taxonomy * characterization * virus evolution * vesiculovirus * lyssavirus * ephemeroviruses * fish novirhabdoviruses * the sigma viruses of Drosophila * virus-host protein interaction of plant-adapted rhabdoviruses * cereal-infecting rhabdoviruses * rabies prevention and control, including lyssavirus vaccine development. The book is a "must read" for all virologists working on these and related negative sense RNA viruses. It is recommended for all biology, veterinary, and medical libraries.

Novel Aspects Of Insect Plant Interactions

Author: Pedro Barbosa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471832768
Size: 73.86 MB
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Conceptual framework of three-trophic-level interaction (Allelochemical interactions among plants, herbivores and their predators; Influences of plant-produced allelochemicals on the host/prey selection behavior od entomophagous insects); Microoraganisms as mediators of intertrophic and intratrophic interaction (Allelochemicals in insect-microbe-plant interaction: agents provocateus in the coevolutionary arms race; Microbial allelochemicals affecting the bechaviour of insects, mites, nematodes, and protozoa in different trophic levels); Theory and mechanisms: plant effects via allelochemicals on the third trophic level (Parasitoid-plant interations, emphasizing cotton(Gossypium); Natural enemies and herbivore-plant interations: influence plant allelochemicals and host specificity); Key roles of plant allelochemicals in survival strategies of herbivores (Plant-derived defense in chrysomelid beatles; Plant allelochemistry and mimicry; Potencial role of plant allelochemicals in the development od insecticide resistance.

Advances In Plant Hemipteran Interactions

Author: Jyoti Shah
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889453219
Size: 63.20 MB
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Hemipterans encompass a large group of insect pests of plants that utilize mouthparts which are modified for piercing and consuming fluids from plants. In addition, hemipterans vector viral and bacterial diseases of plants. This book brings together a set of reviews and research papers that showcase the the range of activities being undertaken to advance our understanding of the multi-organismal interaction between plant, hemipterans and microbes.