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Visual Cognition

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN: 9780262661782
Size: 57.84 MB
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These essays tackle some of the central issues in visual cognition, presenting experimental techniques from cognitive psychology, new ways of modeling cognitive processes on computers from artificial intelligence, and new ways of studying brain organization from neuropsychology, to address such questions as: How do we recognize objects in front of us? How do we reason about objects when they are absent and only in memory? How do we conceptualize the three dimensions of space? Do different people do these things in different ways? And where are these abilities located in the brain?While this research, which appeared as a special issue of the journal Cognition, is at the cutting edge of cognitive science, it does not assume a highly technical background on the part of readers. The book begins with a tutorial introduction by the editor, making it suitable for specialists and nonspecialists alike.Steven Pinker is Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science at MIT.

Visual Cognition

Author: Glyn W. Humphreys
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863771255
Size: 69.95 MB
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Vision allows us to do many things. It enables us to perceive a world composed of meaningful objects and events. It enables us to track those events as they take place in front of our eyes. It enables us to read. It provides accurate spatial information for actions such as reaching for or avoiding objects. It provides colour and texture that can help us to separate objects from their background, and so forth. This book is concerned with understanding the processes that allow us to carry out these various visually'driven behaviours. In the past ten years our understanding of visual processing has undergone a rapid change, primarily fostered by the convergence of computational, experimental and neuropsychological work on the topic. Visual Cognition provides the first major attempt to cover all aspects of this work within a single text. It provides a state'of'the'art summary of research on visual information processing, relevant to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and research workers. It covers: seeing static forms, object recognition, dynamic vision (motion perception and visual masking), visual attention, visual memory, visual aspects of reading. For each topic, the relevant computational, experimental and neuropsychological work is integrated to provide a broader coverage than that of other texts.

Tutorials In Visual Cognition

Author: Veronika Coltheart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136940359
Size: 61.59 MB
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This volume provides up-to-date tutorial reviews of these many new and exciting developments in the study of visual cognition written by the leaders in the discipline, providing an incisive and comprehensive survey of research in this dynamic field.

An Invitation To Cognitive Science Visual Cognition

Author: Daniel N. Osherson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262150422
Size: 49.76 MB
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Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results.

Functional Neuroimaging Of Visual Cognition

Author: Nancy Kanwisher
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198528456
Size: 29.39 MB
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The latest volume in the critically acclaimed and highly influential Attention and Performance series focuses on the role that functional neuroimaging plays in visual cognition. Functional neuroimaging has greatly enhanced our knowledge of the brain, and has been one of the most important tools in cognitive neuroscience. At the same time, the full power of neuroimaging can be realized only if there is convergence with theories based on other approaches including computational modelling, behavioural experiments, and electrophysiology in the behaving animal. In this book, Nancy Kanwisher and John Duncan have brought together leading cognitive neuroscientists to present groundbreaking new research on the neural bases of vision. The first part of the book considers the degree to which visual processing in the brain is modular, including contributions from both sceptics and proponents of modularity. Part 2 focuses on object recognition, in particular the role of the ventral visual pathway. In part 3, the mechanisms of visual attention are discussed. The final part of the book explores the relationship between vision and action, with a look at the neurophysiology of sensorimotor integration. In additional chapters, Giacomo Rizzolatti discusses research on mirror neurons and their implications for understanding the actions and intentions of others, while Michael Posner considers what we have achieved so far with neuroimaging, and looks to the future and the next steps in our quest to understand brain function. Superbly edited and full of stunning colour images, this will be one of the key publications in the field of cognitive neuroscience.

Eye Movements And Visual Cognition

Author: Keith Rayner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461228522
Size: 61.60 MB
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Edited by a leading scholar in the field, Eye Movements and Visual Cognitionpresents an up-to-date overview of the topics relevant to understanding the relationship between eye movements and visual cognition, particularly in relation to scene perception and reading. Cognitive psychologists, neuropsychologists, educational psychologists, and reading specialists will find this volume to be an authoritative source of state-of-the art research in this rapidly expanding area of study.

Map Seeking Circuits In Visual Cognition

Author: David W. Arathorn
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804742771
Size: 13.73 MB
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This work presents a bold new theory of the cognitive circuitry of the brain, with emphasis on the functioning of human vision. Departing from conventional precepts in the fields of artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and visual psychophysics, the author has developed a computational theory that provides a unitary explanation for a wide range of visual capabilities and behaviors, most of which have no accepted theoretical explanation. He describes a cortical mechanism termed "map-seeking” and demonstrates its explanatory power in areas as diverse as limb-motion planning and perceptual deficits associated with schizophrenia. The author argues that map-seeking is a fundamental, broadly applicable computational operation with algorithmic, neuronal, and analog electronic implementations, and that its generality makes it suitable as the core of a computational explanation for several cognitive functions. Variations of this map-seeking circuit perform recognition under visual transformations, tracking, scene segmentation, and determination of shape from view displacement. The mathematical principle on which map-seeking depends, a superposition ordering property, solves the combinatorial explosion problem that has plagued all other approaches to visual computation. The author demonstrates that map-seeking is capable of realistic performances in neuronal form and in many current technological procedures. Because of its breadth of application, it is a plausible cortical theory. Because it can be implemented electronically, it forms the basis for a computational technology highly suited for visual, and other perceptual, cognitive, and motor applications.

Visual Cognition Visual Selective Attention

Author: H. Bundesen
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863779961
Size: 44.47 MB
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This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

High Level Vision

Author: Shimon Ullman
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262710077
Size: 67.13 MB
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In this book, Shimon Ullman focuses on the processes of high-level vision that deal with the interpretation and use of what is seen in the image. In particular, he examines two major problems. The first, object recognition and classification, involves recognizing objects despite large variations in appearance caused by changes in viewing position, illumination, occlusion, and object shape. The second, visual cognition, involves the extraction of shape properties and spatial relations in the course of performing visual tasks such as object manipulation, planning movements in the environment, or interpreting graphical material such as diagrams, graphs and maps. The book first takes up object recognition and develops a novel approach to the recognition of three-dimensional objects. It then studies a number of related issues in high-level vision, including object classification, scene segmentation, and visual cognition. Using computational considerations discussed throughout the book, along with psychophysical and biological data, the final chapter proposes a model for the general flow of information in the visual cortex. Understanding vision is a key problem in the brain sciences, human cognition, and artificial intelligence. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the theories developed in this work, High-Level Vision will be of interest to readers in all three of these fields.

Attentional Capture

Author: Bradley S. Gibson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781138877788
Size: 13.20 MB
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The notion that certain mental or physical events can capture attention has been one of the most enduring topics in the study of attention owing to the importance of understanding how goal-directed and stimulus-driven processes interact in perception and cognition. Despite the clear theoretical and applied importance of attentional capture, a broad survey of this field suggests that the term "capture" means different things to different people. In some cases, it refers to covert shifts of spatial attention, in others involuntary saccades, and in still others general disruption of processing by irrelevant stimuli. The properties that elicit "capture" can also range from abruptly onset or moving lights, to discontinuities in textures, to unexpected tones, to emotionally valenced words or pictures, to directional signs and symbols. Attentional capture has been explored in both the spatial and temporal domains as well as the visual and auditory modalities. There are also a number of different theoretical perspectives on the mechanisms underlying "capture" (both functional and neurophysiological) and the level of cognitive control over capture. This special issue provides a sampling of the diversity of approaches, domains, and theoretical perspectives that currently exist in the study of attentional capture. Together, these contributions should help evaluate the degree to which attentional capture represents a unitary construct that reflects fundamental theoretical principles and mechanisms of the mind.