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Voices From Shanghai

Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226181685
Size: 80.70 MB
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When Hitler came to power and the German army began to sweep through Europe, almost 20,000 Jewish refugees fled to Shanghai. A remarkable collection of the letters, diary entries, poems, and short stories composed by these refugees in the years after they landed in China, Voices from Shanghai fills a gap in our historical understanding of what happened to so many Jews who were forced to board the first ship bound for anywhere. Once they arrived, the refugees learned to navigate the various languages, belief systems, and ethnic traditions they encountered in an already booming international city, and faced challenges within their own community based on disparities in socioeconomic status, levels of religious observance, urban or rural origin, and philosophical differences. Recovered from archives, private collections, and now-defunct newspapers, these fascinating accounts make their English-languge debut in this volume. A rich new take on Holocaust literature, Voices from Shanghai reveals how refugees attempted to pursue a life of creativity despite the hardships of exile.

Wartime Shanghai And The Jewish Refugees From Central Europe

Author: Irene Eber
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110268183
Size: 60.69 MB
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The study discusses the history of the Jewish refugees within the Shanghai setting and its relationship to the two established Jewish communities, the Sephardi and Russian Jews. Attention is also focused on the cultural life of the refugees who used both German and Yiddish, and on their attempts to cope under Japanese occupation after the outbreak of the Pacific War. Differences of identity existed between Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews, religious and secular, aside from linguistic and cultural differences. The study aims to understand the exile condition of the refugees and their amazing efforts to create a semblance of cultural life in a strange new world.

Shanghai Sanctuary

Author: Bei Gao
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199840903
Size: 64.89 MB
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When the world closed its borders to desperate Jews fleeing Europe during World War II, Shanghai became an unexpected last haven for the refugees. An open port that could be entered without visas, this unique city under Western and Japanese control sheltered tens of thousands of Jews. Shanghai Sanctuary is the first major study to examine the Chinese Nationalist government's policy towards the "Jewish issue" as well as the most thorough analysis of how this issue played into Japanese diplomacy. Why did Shanghai's German-allied Japanese occupiers permit this influx of Jewish refugees? Gao illuminates how the refugees' position complicated the relationships between China, Japan, Germany, and the United States before and during World War II. She thereby reveals a great deal about the Great Powers' national priorities, their international agendas, and their perceptions of the global balance of power. Drawing from both Chinese and Japanese archival sources that no Western scholar has been able to fully use before, Gao tells a rich story about the politics and personalities that brought Jewish refugees into Shanghai. This story, far from being a mere sidebar to the history of modern China and Japan, captures a critical moment when opportunistic authorities in both countries used the incoming Jewish refugees as a tool to win international financial and political support in their war against one another. Shanghai Sanctuary underlines the extent of Holocaust's global repercussions. In the process, the book sheds new light on the intricacies of wartime diplomacy and the far-reaching human consequences of the twentieth century's most documented conflict.

Escape To Shanghai

Author: James Rodman Ross
Publisher: Free Pr
Size: 69.83 MB
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Tells the story, based on interviews with survivors, of the Jewish ghetto of World War II Shanghai, where thousands of refugees lived under abysmal conditions while a courageous Jewish underground conducted sabotage against the Japanese.

Strangers Always

Author: Rena Krasno
Size: 68.78 MB
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This is a story of coming of age in chaotic times during the war in the Pacific, from the unique perspective of a young woman in the Jewish community of Shanghai. We learn how events were perceived by people entrapped by war who endeavored to seek the truth through smuggled info., jammed radio broadcasts, and reading between the lines of Japanese censorship. The heroic efforts of people in the Jewish community in Shanghai to help refugees from the Holocaust are perhaps the most inspiring part of the narrative. Many details of the history of that community are brought to light for the first time. Black and white photos.

Saharan Jews And The Fate Of French Algeria

Author: Sarah Abrevaya Stein
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022612388X
Size: 45.90 MB
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The history of Algerian Jews has thus far been viewed from the perspective of communities on the northern coast, who became, to some extent, beneficiaries of colonialism. But to the south, in the Sahara, Jews faced a harsher colonial treatment. In Saharan Jews and the Fate of French Algeria, Sarah Abrevaya Stein asks why the Jews of Algeria’s south were marginalized by French authorities, how they negotiated the sometimes brutal results, and what the reverberations have been in the postcolonial era. Drawing on materials from thirty archives across six countries, Stein tells the story of colonial imposition on a desert community that had lived and traveled in the Sahara for centuries. She paints an intriguing historical picture—of an ancient community, trans-Saharan commerce, desert labor camps during World War II, anthropologist spies, battles over oil, and the struggle for Algerian sovereignty. Writing colonialism and decolonization into Jewish history and Jews into the French Saharan one, Saharan Jews and the Fate of French Algeria is a fascinating exploration not of Jewish exceptionalism but of colonial power and its religious and cultural differentiations, which have indelibly shaped the modern world.

The Right To Difference

Author: Maurice Samuels
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022639705X
Size: 60.59 MB
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Universalism the fundamental equality of all individuals and equal treatment before the law has been a treasured political concept in France since the Revolution. But lately, anxiety over France s Muslim minority has led politicians and intellectuals to embrace a form of universalism that demands loyalty to the nation at the expense of all ethnic and religious affiliations. In this timely book, Maurice Samuels shows that French universalism was not always so hostile to religion and urges us to understand its history and varied forms. He argues, furthermore, that French universalism has evolved in the modern period largely as a discourse on Jews. Tracing the development of this discourse through key moments in French history, from debates over granting Jews civil rights during the Revolution, through the Dreyfus Affair and Vichy, and up to the rise of the new antisemitism after 2000, Samuels shows that Jewish difference has always been essential to the elaboration of French universalism, whether as its foil or as proof of universalism s reach. Ranging from the French Revolution to the recent attack on "Charlie Hebdo," this book will be of keen interest to anyone studying issues of religious tolerance, the history of European Jewry, and the dilemmas of contemporary France. "