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Voices From Shanghai

Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226181685
Size: 33.25 MB
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When Hitler came to power and the German army began to sweep through Europe, almost 20,000 Jewish refugees fled to Shanghai. A remarkable collection of the letters, diary entries, poems, and short stories composed by these refugees in the years after they landed in China, Voices from Shanghai fills a gap in our historical understanding of what happened to so many Jews who were forced to board the first ship bound for anywhere. Once they arrived, the refugees learned to navigate the various languages, belief systems, and ethnic traditions they encountered in an already booming international city, and faced challenges within their own community based on disparities in socioeconomic status, levels of religious observance, urban or rural origin, and philosophical differences. Recovered from archives, private collections, and now-defunct newspapers, these fascinating accounts make their English-languge debut in this volume. A rich new take on Holocaust literature, Voices from Shanghai reveals how refugees attempted to pursue a life of creativity despite the hardships of exile.

Wartime Shanghai And The Jewish Refugees From Central Europe

Author: Irene Eber
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110268183
Size: 70.85 MB
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The study discusses the history of the Jewish refugees within the Shanghai setting and its relationship to the two established Jewish communities, the Sephardi and Russian Jews. Attention is also focused on the cultural life of the refugees who used both German and Yiddish, and on their attempts to cope under Japanese occupation after the outbreak of the Pacific War. Differences of identity existed between Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews, religious and secular, aside from linguistic and cultural differences. The study aims to understand the exile condition of the refugees and their amazing efforts to create a semblance of cultural life in a strange new world.

Shanghai Sanctuary

Author: Bei Gao
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199840903
Size: 17.11 MB
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When the world closed its borders to desperate Jews fleeing Europe during World War II, Shanghai became an unexpected last haven for the refugees. An open port that could be entered without visas, this unique city under Western and Japanese control sheltered tens of thousands of Jews. Shanghai Sanctuary is the first major study to examine the Chinese Nationalist government's policy towards the "Jewish issue" as well as the most thorough analysis of how this issue played into Japanese diplomacy. Why did Shanghai's German-allied Japanese occupiers permit this influx of Jewish refugees? Gao illuminates how the refugees' position complicated the relationships between China, Japan, Germany, and the United States before and during World War II. She thereby reveals a great deal about the Great Powers' national priorities, their international agendas, and their perceptions of the global balance of power. Drawing from both Chinese and Japanese archival sources that no Western scholar has been able to fully use before, Gao tells a rich story about the politics and personalities that brought Jewish refugees into Shanghai. This story, far from being a mere sidebar to the history of modern China and Japan, captures a critical moment when opportunistic authorities in both countries used the incoming Jewish refugees as a tool to win international financial and political support in their war against one another. Shanghai Sanctuary underlines the extent of Holocaust's global repercussions. In the process, the book sheds new light on the intricacies of wartime diplomacy and the far-reaching human consequences of the twentieth century's most documented conflict.

Exile And Everyday Life

Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900429791X
Size: 68.40 MB
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Exile and Everyday Life focusses on the everyday life experience of refugees fleeing National Socialism in the 1930s and 1940s as well as the representation of this experience in literature and culture.

Strange Haven

Author: Sigmund Tobias
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252024535
Size: 58.21 MB
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The author, part of the Jewish refugee community in Shanghai, tells of his experiences growing up in the ghetto under Japanese occupation.

Shanghai Homes

Author: Jie Li
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538170
Size: 29.40 MB
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In the dazzling global metropolis of Shanghai, what has it meant to call this city home? In this account—part microhistory, part memoir—Jie Li salvages intimate recollections by successive generations of inhabitants of two vibrant, culturally mixed Shanghai alleyways from the Republican, Maoist, and post-Mao eras. Exploring three dimensions of private life—territories, artifacts, and gossip—Li re-creates the sounds, smells, look, and feel of home over a tumultuous century. First built by British and Japanese companies in 1915 and 1927, the two homes at the center of this narrative were located in an industrial part of the former "International Settlement." Before their recent demolition, they were nestled in Shanghai's labyrinthine alleyways, which housed more than half of the city's population from the Sino-Japanese War to the Cultural Revolution. Through interviews with her own family members as well as their neighbors, classmates, and co-workers, Li weaves a complex social tapestry reflecting the lived experiences of ordinary people struggling to absorb and adapt to major historical change. These voices include workers, intellectuals, Communists, Nationalists, foreigners, compradors, wives, concubines, and children who all fought for a foothold and haven in this city, witnessing spectacles so full of farce and pathos they could only be whispered as secret histories.

Extraterritorial Dreams

Author: Sarah Abrevaya Stein
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022636822X
Size: 31.54 MB
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In "Extraterritorial Dreams" distinguished historian Sarah Abrevaya Stein recounts the history of Sephardic and southeastern European Jews experience of WWI, especially as it concerns the dizzying shifts in legal status so many experienced as the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire retracted, new states were created in its wake, and as Ottoman-born Jews living abroad found themselves extra-territorial subjects citizens of no polity at a time when national identity and, even more, citizenship papers, were of ever greater import to the modern world. Based upon original research conducted in dozens of archives in Great Britain, France, Portugal, Italy, Israel, Tunisia, Algeria, and the United States, this book tells the history of the First World War through the intimate stories of Sephardic Jews struggling to find a place in a world ever more divided by political boundaries and competing nationalist sentiments. Among these stories is that of a young Ottoman Jewish man who reached wartime France as a stowaway on an ocean liner, only to be hunted by the Parisian police as a suspected spy; of Sephardic Jews in Manchester who in order to avoid internment in enemy alien camps pleaded with the British Foreign Office to be treated like Armenian Christians and accidental Turks; of the legal complexities spawned by the death of a fantastically wealthy Baghdadi-born Jew in Shanghai who willed his fortune to his Eurasian Buddhist wife. For Stein the Great War was an essentially legal battle that pitted Ottomanness against myriad other novel legal identities. It also strives to situate the history of the First World War in a longer arc reaching from the late nineteenth century to the Second World War. It was only during this second global conflict of the twentieth century that individuals experienced the definitive impact of their First World War legal status for some, legal identities obtained during the Balkan Wars and First World War resulted in salvation during the Second World War; for others, it proved an unlikely conduit to Auschwitz."

Farewell Shanghai

Author: Angel Wagenstein
Publisher: Other PressLlc
Size: 73.78 MB
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Fleeing Nazi Germany for Shanghai at the beginning of World War II, a pair of famous musicians, a young film extra, and an Eastern European adventurer wanted by police enter the world of Jewish refugees and fellow artists, where they must adapt to vastly different and sometimes degrading lifestyle conditions in order to survive.