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Warring Souls

Author: Roxanne Varzi
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822337218
Size: 57.82 MB
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DIVAn ethnography of secular youth culture in Tehran and its resistance to post-Revolutionary Islamicist politics./div

A Colourful Presence

Author: Maryam Ghorbankarimi
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443884693
Size: 67.92 MB
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This book analyzes the changes in the representation of women in Iranian cinema since the 1960s, and investigates the reasons and motives for this. Iranian cinema, both before and after the Islamic Revolution, has been closely monitored by the ruling power, and has been utilized to relay messages and information that comply with the ruling ideology. However, it was only after the 1979 Revolution and the subsequent legitimization of cinema by the Islamic rule that cinema became widely accessible to the general public. Within this context, this book explores the changing roles of women in film production and their representation in films made between the 1960s and 2000s. Although some aspects of women’s lives became stricter after the revolution, it was in the late 1980s that women took a prominent role both behind and in front of the camera for the first time. It is demonstrated here that such shifts were due to several factors, including factionalism within the Islamic Republic, shifts in the Iranian film industry, and the emergence of a group of highly educated film production teams, in addition to the fuller integration of women into the film industry, which is analyzed in particular detail. This study explores a number of representative female-centric films, with a focus on their cultural, social and cinematic contexts. Discussing these films with respect to the representation of women, it uses textual analysis as its base methodology. Interviews conducted with filmmakers and people active in the industry also serve to place the films into their historical, social, and political context.

Moments Of Silence

Author: Arta Khakpour
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479803243
Size: 63.87 MB
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The Iran-Iraq War was the longest conventional war of the 20th century. The memory of it may have faded in the wake of more recent wars in the region, but the harrowing facts remain: over one million soldiers and civilians dead, millions more permanently displaced and disabled, and an entire generation marked by prosthetic implants and teenage martyrdom. These same facts have been instrumentalized by agendas both foreign and domestic, but also aestheticized, defamiliarized, readdressed and reconciled by artists, writers, and filmmakers across an array of identities: linguistic (Arabic, Persian, Kurdish), religious (Shiite, Sunni, atheist), and political (Iranian, Iraqi, internationalist). Official discourses have unsurprisingly tried to dominate the process of production and distribution of war narratives. In doing so, they have ignored and silenced other voices. Centering on novels, films, memoirs, and poster art that gave aesthetic expression to the Iran-Iraq War, the essays gathered in this volume present multiple perspectives on the war’s most complex and underrepresented narratives. These scholars do not naively claim to represent an authenticity lacking in official discourses of the war, but rather, they call into question the notion of authenticity itself. Finding, deciding upon, and creating a language that can convey any sort of truth at all—collective, national, or private—is the major preoccupation of the texts and critiques in this diverse collection.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 25.56 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Constructing Identity In Iranian American Self Narrative

Author: M. Blaim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137473312
Size: 57.77 MB
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Shaped by the experiences of the Iranian Revolution, Iranian-American autobiographers use this chaotic past to tell their current stories in the United States. Wagenknecht analyzes a wide range of such writing and draws new conclusions about migration, exile, and life between different and often clashing cultures.

Okzidentalismus

Author: Ian Buruma
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446249702
Size: 11.72 MB
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Buruma und Margalit definieren "Okzidentalismus" als den blinden Hass gegen die Errungenschaften liberaler Gesellschaften, für dessen Motive manch westliche Intellektuelle bis heute Sympathie empfinden. Die Vorurteile gegen den Westen, der unter der Diktatur des Geldes steht und scheinbar jegliche verbindliche Moral seiner Diesseitigkeit geopfert hat, reichen bis nach Europa. Ian Buruma und Avishai Margalit finden hier ähnliche Denkweisen wie in der islamischen Welt, bei konservativen Kulturkritikern ebenso wie bei der radikalen Linken. Ein provokatives Buch, in bester aufklärerischer Tradition.

Die Dunklen Seiten Der Empathie

Author: Fritz Breithaupt
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518748580
Size: 24.41 MB
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Empathie gilt als Grundlage moralischen Handelns – und damit selbst als gut. Sieht man aber genauer hin, erweist sich die Fähigkeit, »sich in andere Menschen hineinzuversetzen«, auch als Voraussetzung für gezielte Erniedrigungen und Grausamkeiten. Zudem hat selbst das wohlmeinende Mitgefühl zahlreiche unbeabsichtigte Konsequenzen. Aus diesen Gründen sind es gerade die dunklen, bisher verdrängten Aspekte der Empathie, die auf dem Weg zu einer besseren Gesellschaft in den Blick genommen werden müssen. Fritz Breithaupt lädt seine Leser dazu ein, diese Seiten zu bedenken oder gar an sich selbst zu entdecken, und führt uns dabei von Narzissmus und Nietzsche bis zu den Helikopter-Eltern und Angela Merkels Flüchtlingspolitik.